Entrance to Circus Krone in Munich
|Circus name||Circus Krone|
|Director(s)||Christel Sembach Krone|
|Circus tent?||5,000 seats|
|Winter quarters||Munich, Germany|
Circus Krone, based in Munich, is one of the largest circus in Europe and one of the few in Western Europe to also occupy a building (Cirque d'hiver de Paris, Cirque d'hiver d'Amiens and Cirque Royal in Brussels, are some other examples of European circus occupying a building).
It was founded in 1905 by Carl Krone (1870-1943) as an animal exhibition. Later the circus was run by his daughter Frieda Sembach-Krone and her husband Carl Sembach-Krone. Since 1995 their daughter Christel Sembach-Krone has run the circus.
Since 1919, the circus has also owned the Circus Krone Building in Munich. On December 12, 1944, the building was destroyed by bombing attacks. In 1950 it was rebuilt as a circus building with a seating capacity of 3,000 spectators.
In a century, the Circus Krone Imperium became a world-wide recognized institution within the circus world. The outstanding success is based on the maxim "entrepreneur spirit, love of animals and absolute seriousness". This maxim has been maintained throughout the illustrious history of the family owned and operated, Circus Krone.
Carl Krone died in 1943. He did not experience the total destruction of the Circus Krone Building, a destruction caused by aerial bombardment. Humans and animals were evacuated to the Krone Stud Farm in Wessling.
Christel Sembach Krone directs the fate of the family owned and operated Circus Krone after the death of her father (Carl Sembach, died on Jan. 18,1984) and her mother (Frieda Sembach-Krone, died on November 2, 1995). Circus Krone is now under the leadership of the family for the fourth generation.
Circus Krone has a circus tent with 5,000 seats with a diameter of 48 by 64 metres and a dome height of 14 metres. It covers an overall area of approximately 2,000 square metres.The largest, most modern and most expensive circus tent of the present can only be described. The construction of the enormous tent allows for the seating of 5.000 spectators. Four 20 meters long steel masts, four steel lattice auxiliary masts, 120 storm and cross beams as well as 250 iron anchors provide necessary security, even during the most violent of storms. In less than one day, the gigantic tent construction "stands" with seats, manège, show stage, light and sound controls - ready for performances, officially approved and in top condition. Within the area of the illumination engineering with Krone, standards have been established. Approximately 140 securely installed headlights, as well as eight "golden scans" ensure for the different lighting effects of the individual numbers. Four "searchlights" place artists and animals into the right light.The total area of the tent approximately equates to the area of a football field.
Animals used at the circus include lions, Asian and African elephants, a hippopotamus, a rhinoceros, horses, monkeys, pigs, porcupines, goats, zebras and parrots.