Ciriaco De Mita

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Ciriaco De Mita
Ciriaco De Mita 2010.jpg
Prime Minister of Italy
In office
13 April 1988 – 22 July 1989
PresidentFrancesco Cossiga
Preceded byGiovanni Goria
Succeeded byGiulio Andreotti
Further offices held
Mayor of Nusco
Assumed office
26 May 2014
Preceded byGiuseppe De Mita
Minister for Interventions in Southern Italy
In office
29 July 1976 – 20 March 1979
Prime MinisterGiulio Andreotti
Preceded byGiulio Andreotti
(by delegation of functions)
Succeeded byMichele Di Giesi
Minister of Foreign Trade
In office
23 November 1974 – 29 July 1976
Prime MinisterAldo Moro
Preceded byGianmatteo Matteotti
Succeeded byRinaldo Ossola
Minister of Industry, Commerce and Crafts
In office
7 July 1973 – 23 November 1974
Prime MinisterMariano Rumor
Preceded byMauro Ferri
Succeeded byCarlo Donat-Cattin
Secretary of the Christian Democracy
In office
5 May 1982 – 22 February 1989
Preceded byFlaminio Piccoli
Succeeded byArnaldo Forlani
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
28 April 1963 – 28 March 1994
In office
21 April 1996 – 14 April 2008
Personal details
Luigi Ciriaco De Mita

(1928-02-02) 2 February 1928 (age 93)
Nusco, Campania, Kingdom of Italy
Political partyChristian Democracy
Italian People's Party
The Daisy
Democratic Party
Union of the Centre
Italy is Popular
Anna Maria Scarinzi
(m. 1958)
RelativesGiuseppe De Mita (nephew)
ResidenceAvellino, Campania
Alma materCatholic University of Milan

Luigi Ciriaco De Mita (Italian pronunciation: [tʃiˈriːako luˈiːdʒi de ˈmiːta]; born 2 February 1928)[1] is an Italian politician who served as the 47th prime minister of Italy from 1988 to 1989[2] and as Member of the European Parliament from 2009 to 2013.


De Mita in the 80s

Background and early career[edit]

De Mita was born in Nusco in the Avellinese hinterland. As a young man De Mita joined Christian Democracy and entered politics. He rose through the ranks of the party, becoming a member of its council in 1956, a member of Parliament in 1963 and a member of the Italian cabinet in 1973. During the next decade, he served as Minister of Industry and then as Minister of Foreign Trade. De Mita became chairman of the party in 1982 at a time when its power was declining. He was re-elected in 1986 with 60% support from the party.

Prime Minister of Italy[edit]

After the elections of 1987, De Mita waited a year to become Prime Minister, and then served as Prime Minister for a year, maintaining the party chairmanship. At the beginning of that service, on 16 April 1988, in Forlì, Red Brigades killed Senator Roberto Ruffilli, an advisor of De Mita. In social policy, De Mita's time in office witnessed the passage of a law in May 1988 that introduced a new benefit for salaried workers called "benefit for the family nucleus" ("assegno per il nucleo familiare"), with the amount varying depending on the number of family members and the family income of the previous year.[3]

Later political roles[edit]

De Mita returned to Parliament, after a lag of two years, in 1996 (and then re-elected in 2001 and 2006). He then joined the Italian People's Party and later Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy, the party of which he is the regional coordinator for Campania. He headed the Olive Tree's list in his region in 2006, and he participated in the transformation of that coalition into a single party (the Democratic Party). He joined the Union of the Centre. After the 2008 elections, De Mita was not elected to the Italian Senate, but he was nominated as the Campania coordinator of the party. De Mita won a seat in the European Parliament in the June 2009 European election. On 25 May 2014 De Mita was elected as mayor of Nusco, his native town.

Personal life[edit]

In 1958, De Mita married Anna Maria Scarinzi (born 12 February 1939), with whom he has one son and three daughters, Antonia (born 23 December 1967), Giuseppe (born 10 May 1969), Floriana (born 19 March 1973) and Simona (born 21 April 1974).[4][5]


  1. ^ Moliterno, Gino (11 September 2002). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Italian Culture. Routledge. ISBN 9781134758777. Retrieved 29 August 2019 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Lentz, Harris M. (2014). Heads of States and Governments Since 1945. Routledge. pp. 446–447. ISBN 9781134264902. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
  3. ^ European Observatory on Family Policies: National Family Policies in EC-Countries in 1990 by Wilfred Dumon in collaboration with Françoise Bartiaux, Tanja Nuelant, and experts from each of the member states
  4. ^ Tutto al piano di sotto - Irpiniagate -
  5. ^ Vespa, Bruno (29 August 2009). L'amore e il potere. Da Rachele a Veronica, un secolo di storia italiana. Edizioni Mondadori. ISBN 9788804582205. Retrieved 29 August 2019 – via Google Books.
Political offices
Preceded by
Mauro Ferri
Minister of Industry, Commerce and Crafts
Succeeded by
Carlo Donat-Cattin
Preceded by
Gianmatteo Matteotti
Minister of Foreign Trade
Succeeded by
Rinaldo Ossola
Preceded by
Giulio Andreotti
Minister for Interventions in Southern Italy
Succeeded by
Michele Di Giesi
Preceded by
Giovanni Goria
Prime Minister of Italy
Succeeded by
Giulio Andreotti
Party political offices
Preceded by
Flaminio Piccoli
Secretary of Christian Democracy
Succeeded by
Arnaldo Forlani