Ciro's

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Ciro's
Ciro's Neon Sign 1955.JPG
Ciro's neon sign, 1955
Location8433 Sunset Boulevard
West Hollywood, California
United States
Coordinates34°05′42″N 118°22′26″W / 34.094990°N 118.373806°W / 34.094990; -118.373806Coordinates: 34°05′42″N 118°22′26″W / 34.094990°N 118.373806°W / 34.094990; -118.373806
TypeNightclub
Opened1940
Closed1957; transformed into rock and roll club in 1965 called Ciro's Le Disc; renamed The Kaleidoscope in 1967; became its Boss in 1968; became The Comedy Store in 1972

Ciro's (later known as Ciro's Le Disc) was a nightclub on Sunset Boulevard in West Hollywood, California owned by William Wilkerson.[1] Opened in 1940, Ciro's became a popular nightspot for celebrities. The nightclub closed in 1957 and was reopened as a rock club in 1965. After a few name changes, it eventually became The Comedy Store in 1972.

History[edit]

Ciro's opened in January 1940 by entrepreneur William Wilkerson at 8433 Sunset Boulevard.[2] Wilkerson also opened Cafe Trocadero, in 1934, and the restaurant La Rue, both on the Strip, and later originated The Flamingo in Las Vegas, only to have control of the resort wrested from him by mobster Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel. Wilkerson sold Ciro’s to his longtime right-hand man Herman Hoover, who would make sure Ciro’s was an important Hollywood hotspot until 1959. Hoover filed for bankruptcy in 1959, and Ciro's was sold at public auction for $350,000.[3] Ciro's combined a luxe baroque interior and an unadorned exterior and became a famous hangout for movie people of the 1940s and 1950s. It was one of the places to be seen and guaranteed being written about in the gossip columns of Hedda Hopper, Louella Parsons, and Florabel Muir.[4]

Among the galaxy of celebrities who frequented Ciro's were Marilyn Monroe, Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall, Frank Sinatra, James Dean, Ava Gardner, Sidney Poitier, Anita Ekberg, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, Joan Crawford, Betty Grable, Marlene Dietrich, Ginger Rogers, Ronald Reagan, Dean Martin, Jerry Lewis, Mickey Rooney, Cary Grant, George Raft, George Burns and Gracie Allen, Judy Garland, June Allyson and Dick Powell, Mamie Van Doren, Jimmy Stewart, Jack Benny, Peter Lawford, and Lana Turner (who often said Ciro's was her favorite nightspot) among many others. During his first visit to Hollywood in the late 1940s, future President John F. Kennedy dined at Ciro's.[5]

In 1965, Ciro's reopened as the rock club Ciro's Le Disc. Ike & Tina Turner performed at the newly opened club with Jimi Hendrix as part of their band.[6] The Byrds got their start at Ciro's Le Disc in 1965.[7] Accounts of the period (reproduced in the sleeve notes to The Preflyte Sessions box set) describe a "church-like" atmosphere, with interpretive dancing. The club also served as the host during the recording of the 1965 Dick Dale album Rock Out With Dick Dale & His Del-Tones: Live At Ciro's. Two years later, it was renamed The Kaleidoscope. In 1968, the club was called It's Boss. In 1969, it was known as Patch 2.[8] The site of Ciro's became The Comedy Store in 1972.[2]

Notable performers[edit]

Ciro's club and restaurant chain[edit]

The name Ciro's comes from Italian born Ciro Capozzi who founded the first Ciro's bar in Monaco around 1892, next to the café Riche in the newly built Galerie Charles III. According to the story of James Gordon Bennett Jr., having a difference about a table on the terrasse, he bought the café Riche and gave it to Ciro who named it the Ciro's. In 1911, Ciro Capozzi sold the name to an English consortium (including William Poulett, 7th Earl Poulett as main investor)[9] who open the Deauville Ciro's (still existing as a restaurant belonging to the Groupe Lucien Barrière), the Paris Ciro's in 1912 and the London one in 1915. A European high society restaurant chain with branches in Monte Carlo, Paris, London, and Deauville, where Harry MacElhone, famous for Harry's New York Bar, began working at in London after World War I.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]

"Ciro's was a hip London establishment (before another popular one opened up in Los Angeles in 1940), that had as their bartender Harry McElhone (author of ABC of Cocktails), at which Jimmy took over when Harry went off to Paris. ..." (Ross Bolton)[19]

"Louis Adlon, grandson of the proprietor of Berlin’s Hotel Adlon opened Hollywood’s first iteration of Ciro’s in 1934[20][21] (with Erich Alexander[22] and George Sorel[23]) Located on Hollywood Boulevard, the club was informally part of a chain with locations in London, Paris and Berlin. The Hollywood Ciro’s was not a success, apparently, because it soon folded."[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). 3.bp.blogspot.com. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b Lord, Rosemary (2003). Hollywood Then and Now. San Diego: Thunder Bay Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-1592231041.
  3. ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). I424.photobucket.com. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Early Views of West Hollywood (1920 +)". Water and Power Associates. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  5. ^ Katie (27 February 2013). "Ciro's". Old Hollywood Glamour.
  6. ^ Roby, Steven; Schreiber, Brad (2010-08-31). Becoming Jimi Hendrix: From Southern Crossroads to Psychedelic London, the Untold Story of a Musical Genius. Hachette Books. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-306-81910-0.
  7. ^ Hjort, Christopher. (2008). So You Want To Be A Rock 'n' Roll Star: The Byrds Day-By-Day (1965-1973). Jawbone Press. pp. 27–30. ISBN 1-906002-15-0.
  8. ^ Serrapica, Pasquale Vincent. "Rocco (Pat) Photographs and Papers". oac.cdlib.org. ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  9. ^ "Journal de Monaco" (PDF). Journaldemonaco.gouv.mc. pp. 3–6.
  10. ^ "Andrew MacElhone Dies". New York Daily News. 20 September 1996.
  11. ^ Pathé, British. "Ciro's Club". Britishpathe.com.
  12. ^ British Pathé (13 April 2014). "Ciro's (1953)". YouTube.
  13. ^ Aaron1912 (20 September 2010). "A Night At Ciro's (1932)". YouTube.
  14. ^ Williams, Olivia (2014). Gin Glorious Gin:How Mother's Ruin Became the Spirit of London. London: Headline Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4722-1534-5.
  15. ^ Hindson, Catherine (1 June 2016). London's West End Actresses and the Origins of Celebrity Charity, 1880-1920. University of Iowa Press. p. 198. ISBN 9781609384258 – via Google Books.
  16. ^ "Ciro's Club Coon Orchestra". Redhotjazz.com.
  17. ^ "Audrey Hepburn exhibition staged at National Portrait Gallery". Independent.co.uk. 3 December 2014.
  18. ^ "The Coming of Ciro's to London - THE INTERACTIVE WAR NEWS". Illustratedfirstworldwar.com.
  19. ^ "JIMMY" LATE OF CIRO'S LONDON (1930). Cocktails. Philadelphia: David McKay. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  20. ^ "Hollywood Filmograph". Feb. 17, 1934 ... Ciro's (formerly the Club New Yorker) threw its doors open Wednesday night to the public. It was one of the swellest turn-outs we have seen in some time. Harold Lloyd dropped in with his wife, Mildred, and ... Mrs. Buckley's party. Mario Alverez's orchestra furnished the music. The place is being operated by Erich Alexander, George Sorel and Louis Adlon, Jr.
  21. ^ "VM-175B". Historic Films. HOLLYWOOD 1935 - 03:11:50 - Montage, Hollywood Landmarks: Ciro's, Earl Carrol Theater, Cocoanut Grove.
  22. ^ "Erich-Alexander Winds". IMDb.com. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  23. ^ "George Sorel". IMDb.com. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  24. ^ "1940: Ciro's Opens". Playgroundtothestars.com.