Ciro de Quadros

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Ciro de Quadros

Ciro Carlos Araujo de Quadros (January 30, 1940 – May 28, 2014) was a Brazilian leader in the field of Public Health, in particular, the area of vaccines and preventable diseases.[1] He was born in Rio Pardo, Brazil.

Eradication of polio[edit]

De Quadros played a critical role in developing the strategies now used worldwide in the eradication of polio.[2] He led the team which eradicated polio from the Americas. He received a Medical Doctor degree from the Federal University for Health Sciences (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre, Brazil, 1966, and a M.P.H. degree from the National School of Public Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1968.[3]

Later work[edit]

In 2003, de Quadros joined the Sabin Vaccine Institute, a non-profit organization honoring the legacy of Albert Sabin, developer of the oral polio vaccine. de Quadros is instrumental in the Institute's international immunization advocacy programs, where he works on issues such as the introduction of new vaccines, e.g. rotavirus, rubella, human papilloma virus, pneumococcal and others, and on issues related to the sustainability of national immunization programs. He is also on the faculty at Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health and the School of Medicine of the George Washington University.


He died of pancreatic cancer on May 28, 2014 at his home in Washington, D.C.[4]

Public Health Awards[edit]

He published and presented at conferences throughout the world and received a number of international awards, including:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kamadjeu, Raoul (2014). "Obituary: Ciro de Quadros". Pan African Medical Journal. 18. doi:10.11604/pamj.2014.18.102.4712. PMC 4062851. S2CID 39106838.
  2. ^ The Man who made polio history: A Pan-American success. Perspectives in Health 2005; 10(2).
  3. ^ de Quadros C. Global eradication of poliomyelitis and measles: another quiet revolution. Annals of Internal Medicine 1997; 127(2): 156-8.
  4. ^ "Ciro de Quadros, key figure in eradicating smallpox and polio, dies at 74". 31 May 2014.
  5. ^ Prince Mahidol Award Foundation. Biography of laureate: Dr. Ciro de Quadros, MD, MPH, Brazil. Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Sabin Vaccine Institute. Press Release: Polio, measles eradication leader receives Albert B. Sabin Gold Medal Archived 2008-08-20 at the Wayback Machine. April 30, 2000.

External links[edit]

  • The burden of pneumococcal disease among Latin American and Caribbean children: review of the evidence.Rev Panam Salud Pública. 2009 Mar;25(3):270-9. Review. Accessed on: 11/08/2013
  • Cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in Latin America and the Caribbean: a regional analysis.Rev Panam Salud Pública. 2008 Nov;24(5):304-13. Accessed on: 11/08/2013
  • Identifying unit costs for use in regional economic evaluation: an illustrative analysis of childhood pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Latin America and the Caribbean. Rev Panam Salud Pública. 2009 Nov;26(5):458-68. Accessed on: 11/08/2013
  • Rational use of rubella vaccine for prevention of congenital rubella syndrome in the Americas. Review. Rev Panam Salud Pública. 1998 Sep;4(3):156-60. Accessed on: 11/08/2013
  • Accelerated rubella control and the prevention of congenital rubella syndrome. Rev Panam Salud Pública. 2002 Apr;11(4): 273-6. Accessed on: 11/08/2013
  • Shaping the World, an art exhibit of the Pan American Health Organization highlighting how research for health improves people's life and human development, and yields high returns on investment.