Ciro de Quadros
Ciro Carlos Araujo de Quadros (January 30, 1940 – May 28, 2014) was a Brazilian leader in the field of Public Health, in particular, the area of vaccines and preventable diseases. He was born in Rio Pardo, Brazil.
Eradication of polio
De Quadros played a critical role in developing the strategies now used worldwide in the eradication of polio. He led the team which eradicated polio from the Americas. He received a Medical Doctor degree from the Federal University for Health Sciences (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre, Brazil, 1966, and a M.P.H. degree from the National School of Public Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1968.
In 2003, de Quadros joined the Sabin Vaccine Institute, a non-profit organization honoring the legacy of Albert Sabin, developer of the oral polio vaccine. de Quadros is instrumental in the Institute's international immunization advocacy programs, where he works on issues such as the introduction of new vaccines, e.g. rotavirus, rubella, human papilloma virus, pneumococcal and others, and on issues related to the sustainability of national immunization programs. He is also on the faculty at Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health and the School of Medicine of the George Washington University.
Public Health Awards
He published and presented at conferences throughout the world and received a number of international awards, including:
- the 1993 Prince Mahidol Award of Thailand
- the 2000 Albert B. Sabin Gold Medal
- The Order of Rio Branco from his native Brazil
- election to the National Institute of Medicine
- 2011 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award of Development Cooperation for leading efforts to eliminate polio and measles from the western hemisphere and being one of the most important scientists in the eradication of smallpox around the world. His work has shown that vaccination programs can be carried out in an economically sustainable way.
- Public Health Hero of the Americas award from the Pan-American Health Organization (2014)
- Geneva Forum for Health Award (2014)
- Featured in PAHO's Art for Research exhibit collection by photographer Theo Chalmers "Shaping the World", highlighting how research for health drives social and economic development. The collection Shaping the World that has been exhibited in Africa, Europe and throughout the Americas.
- Kamadjeu, Raoul (2014). "Obituary: Ciro de Quadros". Pan African Medical Journal. 18. doi:10.11604/pamj.2014.18.102.4712. PMC 4062851. S2CID 39106838.
- The Man who made polio history: A Pan-American success. Perspectives in Health 2005; 10(2).
- de Quadros C. Global eradication of poliomyelitis and measles: another quiet revolution. Annals of Internal Medicine 1997; 127(2): 156-8.
- "Ciro de Quadros, key figure in eradicating smallpox and polio, dies at 74". 31 May 2014.
- Prince Mahidol Award Foundation. Biography of laureate: Dr. Ciro de Quadros, MD, MPH, Brazil. Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine
- Sabin Vaccine Institute. Press Release: Polio, measles eradication leader receives Albert B. Sabin Gold Medal Archived 2008-08-20 at the Wayback Machine. April 30, 2000.
- The burden of pneumococcal disease among Latin American and Caribbean children: review of the evidence.Rev Panam Salud Pública. 2009 Mar;25(3):270-9. Review. Accessed on: 11/08/2013
- Cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination in Latin America and the Caribbean: a regional analysis.Rev Panam Salud Pública. 2008 Nov;24(5):304-13. Accessed on: 11/08/2013
- Identifying unit costs for use in regional economic evaluation: an illustrative analysis of childhood pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Latin America and the Caribbean. Rev Panam Salud Pública. 2009 Nov;26(5):458-68. Accessed on: 11/08/2013
- Rational use of rubella vaccine for prevention of congenital rubella syndrome in the Americas. Review. Rev Panam Salud Pública. 1998 Sep;4(3):156-60. Accessed on: 11/08/2013
- Accelerated rubella control and the prevention of congenital rubella syndrome. Rev Panam Salud Pública. 2002 Apr;11(4): 273-6. Accessed on: 11/08/2013
- Shaping the World, an art exhibit of the Pan American Health Organization highlighting how research for health improves people's life and human development, and yields high returns on investment.