Cirroteuthis

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Cirroteuthis
Cirroteuthis muelleri.jpeg
Cirroteuthis muelleri observed during the Arctic 2005 Exploration, NOAA-OE
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order: Octopoda
Family: Cirroteuthidae
Genus: Cirroteuthis
Eschricht, 1836
Species: C. muelleri
Binomial name
Cirroteuthis muelleri
Eschricht, 1836[1]

Cirroteuthis muelleri is one of the largest cirrate octopuses, growing to a length of 1.5 metres (4.9 ft).[2] It is the only species of the genus Cirroteuthis.

Description[edit]

Cirroteuthis muelleri can reach a length of 1.5 m (4.9 ft). It is off white or pale purple, with the inner side of the arms and the webs being brownish-purple.[2]

The head has well developed eyes with lenses. The upper and lower beaks are thin and relatively weak. The body is gelatinous and fragile. The arms are nearly equal in length. A pair of translucent webs joins the dorsal and ventral sides of the arms together and the webs terminate at a nodule. The first 7 or 8 suckers are cup-shaped and raised on thick stalks, numbers 2 and 3 being the largest. There are a further 30 or so smaller suckers with delicate stalks. Between the suckers are conspicuous cirri up to 19 mm (0.75 in) long. These are elongate, fleshy tendrils set along the sides of the oral surface of the arms, the longest being in the mid-arm region. Both the suckers and the cirri do not extend as far as the tip of the arm.[2][3]

The fins are elliptical when viewed from the side. They are wide, and longer than the width of the head. The aperture of the mantle is narrow and the funnel is long.[3] It has been nicknamed "Dumbo" after the cartoon elephant of that name, because its fins resemble large ears.[4]

Various views of C. muelleri from a Census of Marine Life cruise to the Canadian Basin

Distribution[edit]

Cirroteuthis muelleri is a deep sea species. It is found in cold seas in the boreal Arctic, the north Atlantic Ocean, the north Pacific Ocean and waters off New Zealand.[1]

Habitat[edit]

Cirroteuthis muelleri is benthopelagic, meaning it is found swimming or drifting in the 10 m (33 ft) or so immediately above the sea bed. It is usually found at depths of over 2,000 m (6,600 ft).[3] At these depths, practically no light penetrates, the temperature is about 4°C, and observation is only possible by submersible, which makes these octopuses difficult to collect. Their ecology and biology are little known, but they seem to be fairly common in the seas around Greenland.[4]

Biology[edit]

In a study of Arctic cephalopods, three specimens of Cirroteuthis muelleri, all female, were caught near the ocean floor at 3,000–3,300 m (9,800–10,800 ft). The eggs were found to be large and were laid on the bottom, singly. The food is believed to consist mainly of small crustaceans.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cirroteuthis muelleri - Eschricht, 1836. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
  2. ^ a b c Vecchione, M. & R.E. Young 2003. Cirroteuthis Eschricht, 1836. The Tree of Life Web Project.
  3. ^ a b c Cirroteuthis muelleri. Marine Species Identification Portal. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
  4. ^ a b Cephalopods in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean. NOAA Ocean Explorer. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
  5. ^ Nesis, Kir N. (2001). "West-Arctic and East-Arctic distributional ranges of cephalopods" (PDF). Sarsia. 86: 1–11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-15. Retrieved 2011-10-03.