Cirsium oleraceum

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Cirsium oleraceum
Cirsium oleraceum.jpg
painting by C. A. M. Lindman[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Cynareae
Genus: Cirsium
Species: C. oleraceum
Binomial name
Cirsium oleraceum
(L.) Scop.
Synonyms[2]
Cirsium oleraceum - seaohakas.jpg

Cirsium oleraceum, the cabbage thistle[3] or Siberian thistle, is a species of thistle in the genus Cirsium within the sunflower family, native to central and eastern Europe and Asia, where it grows in wet lowland soils.[4]

Cirsium oleraceum is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1.5 m tall, the stems unbranched or with only a very few branches. The leaves are broad and ovoid, with a weakly spiny margin. The flowers are produced in dense flower heads which are 2.5-4 cm diameter, pale yellow, but sometimes tinged pink.[5]

Usage[edit]

For cooking: In salads the young stems and leaves are edible, and cultivated for food in Japan and India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ by Swedish botanist C. A. M. Lindman (1856–1928), taken from his book(s) Bilder ur Nordens Flora (first edition published 1901–1905, supplemented edition 1917–1926?).
  2. ^ The Plant List, Cirsium oleraceum (L.) Scop.
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  4. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Cardo giallastro, Siberian thistle, Cirsium oleraceum (L.) Scop. includes photos and European distribution map
  5. ^ Mansfield crop database: Cirsium oleraceum