cis-3-Hexenal

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cis-3-Hexenal
Cis-3-hexenal chemical structure.png
Names
IUPAC name
(Z)-Hex-3-enal
Other names
Leaf aldehyde
Identifiers
6789-80-6
ChEBI CHEBI:23292
ChemSpider 559032
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 643941
UNII 6V54TKA96C
Properties
C6H10O
Molar mass 98.14 g/mol
Density 0.851 g/cm3
Boiling point 126 °C (259 °F; 399 K)
Related compounds
Related alkenals
Acrolein

Crotonaldehyde
(E,E)-2,4-Decadienal

Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

cis-3-Hexenal, also known as (Z)-3-hexenal and leaf aldehyde, is colorless liquid and an aroma compound with an intense grassy-green odor of freshly cut green grass and leaves. It is one of the major volatile compounds in ripe tomatoes. It is produced in small amounts by most plants and it acts as an attractant to many predatory insects. It is also a pheromone in many insect species.

cis-3-Hexenal is an aldehyde. It is relatively unstable and isomerizes into the conjugated trans-2-hexenal. The related alcohol cis-3-hexen-1-ol is much more stable. It has a similar but weaker smell and is widely used in flavors and perfumes.

See also[edit]

  • 1-Hexanol, another volatile organic carbon biomolecule, also considered responsible for the freshly mowed grass odor

.

References[edit]

External links[edit]