Cissampelos pareira

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Velvetleaf
Cissampelos pareira NP.JPG
Cissampelos pareira with bulb and fruits found in Panchkhal, Nepal
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Menispermaceae
Genus: Cissampelos
Species: C. pareira
Binomial name
Cissampelos pareira
L.[1]
Fruits of Cissampelos pareira during the month of October

Cissampelos pareira (velvetleaf)[1] is a species of flowering plant in the family Menispermaceae.

Morphology[edit]

It is a slender tomentose climber. The leaves are peltate, 2.5–12 cm long, 2.5–11.5 cm broad, triangularly broad-ovate, or orbicular, obtuse, mucronate, base cordate or truncate, ± tomentose on both sides; petiole pubescent. Flowers are small in size, pedicels filiform. Male flowers clustered in the axil of a small leaf; sepals are 4 in number, obovate-oblong, hairy outside; petals 4 in number, united to form a 4-toothed cup, hairy outside; stamens 4, column short, anthers connate, encircling the top of the column. Female flowers clustered in the axils of orbicular, hoary imbricate bracts, on 5–10 cm long racemes; sepal 1, petal 1; carpel 1, densely hairy; style shortly 3-fid. Drupe 4–6 mm long, 3–4 mm broad, subglobose, compressed, hairy-pubescent, red when fresh, black when dry, endocarp transversely ribbed, tuberculate. Seeds are horseshoe-shaped.[2]

Common names[edit]

  • Sanskrit: Patha, abuta
  • Sinhalese: දිය මිත්ත (diya miththa), කිරි මුදුවන් (kiri muduwan)
  • Tamil: ponmusutai

Medicinal uses[edit]

Leaves

Cissampelos pareira is used in Chinese herbology, where it is called xí shēng téng (Chinese: ) or (Chinese: ). The species is also known as abuta and called laghu patha in Ayurvedic medicine. In Tamil Nadu it is called ponmusutai and it is used for a number of medicinal purposes.

Some attention has been paid to it in Kenya, Tanzania, and other places for its purported antimalarial properties in particular,[3][4] as well as in India for its antiviral properties, especially against Dengue virus.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cissampelos pareira information from NPGS/GRIN". Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  2. ^ http://eol.org/pages/594912/details
  3. ^ Muthaura, C.N.; Rukunga, G.M.; Chhabra, S.C.; Mungai, G.M.; Njagi, E.N.M. (2007). "Traditional phytotherapy of some remedies used in treatment of malaria in Meru district of Kenya". South African Journal of Botany. 73 (3): 402–411. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2007.03.004. Retrieved 2014-07-22. 
  4. ^ Taylor, Leslie (1996). "Tropical Plant Database entry for: ABUTA – Cissampelos pareira". www.rain-tree.com. Retrieved 2014-07-22. 
  5. ^ Beasley, David W.C.; Sood, Ruchi; Raut, Rajendra; Tyagi, Poornima; Pareek, Pawan Kumar; Barman, Tarani Kanta; Singhal, Smita; Shirumalla, Raj Kumar; Kanoje, Vijay; Subbarayan, Ramesh; Rajerethinam, Ravisankar; Sharma, Navin; Kanaujia, Anil; Shukla, Gyanesh; Gupta, Y. K.; Katiyar, Chandra K.; Bhatnagar, Pradip K.; Upadhyay, Dilip J.; Swaminathan, Sathyamangalam; Khanna, Navin (2015). "Cissampelos pareira Linn: Natural Source of Potent Antiviral Activity against All Four Dengue Virus Serotypes". PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 9 (12): e0004255. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004255. 

External links[edit]