Cist

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For other uses, see Cist (disambiguation).
Kistvaen on the southern edge of Dartmoor in Drizzlecombe (England) showing the capstone and the inner cist structure.
Cist

A cist (/ˈsɪst/ or /ˈkɪst/; also kist /ˈkɪst/;[1][2] from Greek: κίστη or Germanic Kiste) is a small stone-built coffin-like box or ossuary used to hold the bodies of the dead. Examples can be found across Europe and in the Middle East.[3][4][5][6] A cist may have been associated with other monuments, perhaps under a cairn or long barrow. Several cists are sometimes found close together within the same cairn or barrow. Often ornaments have been found within an excavated cist, indicating the wealth or prominence of the interred individual.

In Devonshire a local word for a cist in Modern Cornish is kistvaen. There are numerous Dartmoor kistvaens.

In the Welsh language (whose origins, like Cornish, are from the ancient British or Brythonic language line), cist is also used for such ancient graves, but in modern use, can also mean a chest, a coffer, a box,[7] or even the boot / trunk of a car.[8]

Regional examples[edit]

Scotland
  • Balblair cist, Beauly, Inverness
  • Dunan Aula, Craignish, Argyll and Bute
  • Holm Mains Farm, Inverness
Israel

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Houghton Mifflin (2000). The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed ed.). Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin. p. 339. ISBN 978-0-395-82517-4. 
  2. ^ Merriam-Webster Unabridged (MWU). (Online subscription-based reference service of Merriam-Webster, based on Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged. Merriam-Webster, 2002.) Headword cist. Accessed 2007-12-11.
  3. ^ A Cist Burial in Jordan
  4. ^ Burials in Ancient Palestine: From the Stone Age to Abraham
  5. ^ The Early Minoan Period: The Tombs
  6. ^ Excavation of Cist in Bologna, Italy
  7. ^ http://www.geiriadur.net/index.php?page=ateb&term=Cist&direction=we&type=all&whichpart=exact
  8. ^ http://translate.google.com/#cy%7Cen%7Ccist

External links[edit]