A cist (//; also kist //; from Greek: κίστη, Middle Welsh Kist or Germanic Kiste) is a small stone-built coffin-like box or ossuary used to hold the bodies of the dead. Examples can be found across Europe and in the Middle East. A cist may have been associated with other monuments, perhaps under a cairn or long barrow. Several cists are sometimes found close together within the same cairn or barrow. Often ornaments have been found within an excavated cist, indicating the wealth or prominence of the interred individual.
This old word is preserved in the Nordic languages as "kista" in Swedish and "kiste" in Danish and Norwegian, where it is the word for a funerary coffin. In English it is related to "cistern".
- Sri Lanka
- Bellanbedipalassa
- Pothana
- Ibbankatuwa Megalithic Stones
- Bellever Forest, Dartmoor
- Hepburn woods, Northumberland
- Jõelähtme (Rebala) stone-cist graves, Harju County
- Mundo Perdido, Tikal, Petén Department
- Tel Kabri (Area A), Upper Galilee
- Balblair cist, Beauly, Inverness
- Dunan Aula, Craignish, Argyll and Bute
- Holm Mains Farm, Inverness
- Nether Mill, Kilbirnie, North Ayrshire
- Houghton Mifflin (2000). The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed.). Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin. pp. 339. ISBN 978-0-395-82517-4.
- Merriam-Webster Unabridged (MWU). (Online subscription-based reference service of Merriam-Webster, based on Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged. Merriam-Webster, 2002.) Headword cist. Accessed 2007-12-11.
- "A Cist Burial in Jordan".
- Callaway, Joseph A. (1963). "Burials in Ancient Palestine: From the Stone Age to Abraham". The Biblical Archaeologist. 26 (3): 74–91. doi:10.2307/3210997. JSTOR 3210997. S2CID 165441707.
- "The Early Minoan Period: The Tombs". Archived from the original on 2008-03-23. Retrieved 2008-03-30.
- "Excavation of Cist in Bologna, Italy".
- Grīviņš, Valters (2017). "Vidzemes arheoloģiskās apbedījumu vietas" (PDF). Historia.lv.