Cité de Refuge

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Cité de Refuge
Paris Rue du Chevaleret Armée du salut 001.jpg
Partial view of the facade, post 1952.
General information
Architectural style Modernist, International
Location Île-de-France
Address 12 rue Cantagrel, Paris
Coordinates 48°49′36″N 2°22′36″E / 48.826667°N 2.376667°E / 48.826667; 2.376667
Current tenants Salvation Army
Construction started 1929
Completed 1933
Design and construction
Architect Le Corbusier

La Cité de Refuge is a building in Paris, France designed by the architect Le Corbusier.[1][2] Since its opening in 1933, it has been occupied by the French Salvation Army.[3] The building, one of Le Corbusier's first urban housing projects,[4] was designated a National Historical Monument of France in 1975.[5]

History[edit]

Albin Peyron (at left) with the President of the République Albert Lebrun (2nd left) and the architect Le Corbusier (3rd right) in 1933 during the inauguration of "la Cité de refuge” at 12 rue Cantagrel, Paris

La Cité de Refuge was Le Corbusier's third building for the Salvation Army.[6] It was built between 1929 and 1933 on 12 rue Cantagrel in the 13th arrondissement of Paris.[6][7] The first design meeting occurred in May 1929, and the cornerstone was laid on June 1930.[8]

The facade of the building was severely damaged by bombing during World War II.[6] One bomb in particular, dropped August 25, 1944 in front of the building by the Germans, shattered all of its glass facade.[9] Le Corbusier oversaw repairs to the facade and the addition of a brise soleil between 1948 and 1952.[10][11]

The building was partially restored in 1975.[12]

The building underwent extensive renovations beginning in 2007, with the work completed in 2016.[13][14][15][16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.fondationlecorbusier.fr/corbuweb/morpheus.aspx?sysId=13&IrisObjectId=4593&sysLanguage=fr-fr&itemPos=4&itemCount=78&sysParentId=64&sysParentName=
  2. ^ Deborah Gans; Le Corbusier (2006). The Le Corbusier Guide. Princeton Architectural Press. pp. 41–. ISBN 978-1-56898-539-8. 
  3. ^ "Présentation : Armée du Salut organisation humanitaire en France". 
  4. ^ http://theartnewspaper.com/news/conservation/le-corbusier-s-freshly-restored-paris-shelter-to-open-to-the-public/
  5. ^ http://www.culture.gouv.fr/public/mistral/merimee_fr?ACTION=CHERCHER&FIELD_1=REF&VALUE_1=PA00086591
  6. ^ a b c Jean-Louis Cohen (2004). Le Corbusier, 1887-1965: The Lyricism of Architecture in the Machine Age. Taschen. pp. 51–. ISBN 978-3-8228-3535-7. 
  7. ^ Deborah Gans (16 May 2014). The Le Corbusier Guide. Elsevier Science. pp. 34–. ISBN 978-1-4831-3577-9. 
  8. ^ Brian Brace Taylor (22 December 1987). Le Corbusier: The City of Refuge, Paris 1929/33. University of Chicago Press. pp. 21–. ISBN 978-0-226-79134-0. 
  9. ^ Nicholas Fox Weber (2008). Le Corbusier: A Life. Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 357–. ISBN 978-0-375-41043-7. 
  10. ^ Stephen Sennott (1 January 2004). Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Architecture. Taylor & Francis. pp. 312–. ISBN 978-1-57958-433-7. 
  11. ^ Franca Trubiano (5 March 2013). Design and Construction of High-Performance Homes: Building Envelopes, Renewable Energies and Integrated Practice. Routledge. pp. 39–. ISBN 978-1-135-87484-1. 
  12. ^ Dennis J. De Witt; Elizabeth R. De Witt (1987). Modern Architecture in Europe: A Guide to Buildings Since the Industrial Revolution. Penguin Group USA. pp. 154–. ISBN 978-0-525-24415-8. 
  13. ^ Larrochelle, Jean-Jacques (24 February 2016). "La Cité de refuge, octogénaire au grand cœur" – via Le Monde. 
  14. ^ agence, A. F. P.; lefigaro.fr (23 June 2016). "Un "refuge" signé Le Corbusier réhabilité pour les plus démunis" – via Le Figaro. 
  15. ^ "Paris : la Cité de Refuge de Le Corbusier a retrouvé son éclat". 18 April 2017. 
  16. ^ "Le Corbusier's Cité de Refuge in Paris to reopen after restoration".