Citadel (malware)

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Citadel is a piece of massively-distributed malware based upon Zeus.[1] It is notable for targeting credentials stored in password managers such as Keepass, Password Safe and neXus Personal Security Client.[2]

By 2017 (since its 2011 first time being spotted[3]) Citadel had infected about 11 million computers worldwide and had caused over $500 million in losses.[4]

March 20, 2017, having been extradited from Norway to the US, a Russian computer science professional Mark Vartanyan pled guilty to computer fraud to help developing, distributing the Citadel malware. He was sentenced to 5 years in federal prison - the much less harsh sentence, than what was expected due to the degree of his involvement about Citadel.[5]

See also[edit]