CiteScore (CS) of an academic journal is a measure reflecting the yearly average number of citations to recent articles published in that journal. This journal evaluation metric was launched in December 2016 by Elsevier as an alternative to the generally used JCR impact factors (calculated by Clarivate). CiteScore is based on the citations recorded in the Scopus database rather than in JCR, and those citations are collected for articles published in the preceding four years instead of two or five.
In any given year, the CiteScore of a journal is the number of citations, received in that year and previous 3 years, of documents published in the journal during that period (four years), divided by the total number of published documents (articles, reviews, conference papers, book chapters, and data papers) in the journal during the same four-year period:
Note that for example the 2017 CiteScores were reported first in 2018 when all data was available completely. CiteScores are typically released in late May, approximately one month earlier than the JCR impact factors. Note also the calculation date for each given CiteScore as later additions, corrections or deletions to the data will not lead to a score update. Scopus also provides the projected CiteScores for the next year, which are updated every month.
Before 2020 the score was calculated differently: In a given year, the CiteScore of a journal was the number of citations, received in that year, of articles published in that journal during the three preceding years, divided by the total number of "citable items" published in that journal during the three preceding years:
For example, Nature had a CiteScore of 14.456 in 2017:
Because the calculation method changed, knowing the calculation date is an important detail when comparing CiteScores. For example the Nature CiteScore in 2017, but calculated with the method of 2020, is 53.7.
CiteScore vs. Journal Impact Factor
|Evaluation period (years)||2||4|
|No. indexed journals (2016)||11,000||22,000|
|Evaluated items||Articles, reviews||All publications|
Another difference is the definition of the "number of publications" or "citable items".
- Journal Metrics – FAQs. journalmetrics.scopus.com
- calculated with data queried on May 6, 2020
- Elsevier releases 2017 CiteScore™ values. elsevier.com. 31 May 2018
- Journal Citation Reports 2018 Archived 2019-05-02 at the Wayback Machine. clarivate.com. 26 June 2018
- For instance May 6, 2020 for CiteScore 2019 of Artificial Intelligence Review.
- CiteScore 2017 243783/4539=53.7
- Gray, Edward (2008). "Comparison of Journal Citation Reports and Scopus Impact Factors for Ecology and Environmental Sciences Journals". doi:10.5062/F4FF3Q9G. Cite journal requires
- Journal Citation Reports: JCR. The University of Notre Dame Australia
- Van Noorden, Richard (2016). "Controversial impact factor gets a heavyweight rival". Nature. 540 (7633): 325–326. Bibcode:2016Natur.540..325V. doi:10.1038/nature.2016.21131. PMID 27974784.