Citharexylum spinosum

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Florida fiddlewood
Citharexylum spinosum 01.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Verbenaceae
Genus: Citharexylum
C. spinosum
Binomial name
Citharexylum spinosum

Citharexylum fruticosum L.
Citharexylum quadrangulare Jacq.

Citharexylum spinosum is a species of flowering plant in the family Verbenaceae that is native to southern Florida in the United States, the Caribbean, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. Common names include Florida fiddlewood and spiny fiddlewood.[2]


It is a tree that reaches a height of up to 15 m (49 ft). The ovate to elliptic leaves are 4–20 cm (1.6–7.9 in) long and have orange petioles. Small white flowers are produced throughout the year on hanging axillary and terminal racemes and panicles 20–40 cm (7.9–15.7 in) in length. The fruit are red to black subglobose drupes 7–10 mm (0.28–0.39 in) in diameter.[3]


  1. ^ Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) & IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2019). "Citharexylum spinosum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T60330342A145352146. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Citharexylum spinosum". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2010-12-13.
  3. ^ Whistler, W. Arthur (2000). Tropical Ornamentals: a Guide. Timber Press. pp. 129–130. ISBN 978-0-88192-475-6.

External links[edit]

Media related to C. spinosum at Wikimedia Commons
Data related to C. spinosum at Wikispecies