Cities and towns in West Bengal

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Image of Harrison Street Strand Road and Burra Bazaar in Kolkata (Calcutta) in 1945, shortly before the urban expansion of West Bengal

West Bengal is the state with highest population density in India.[1] The state is dotted with several small and medium towns and cities. Historically, the main source of income of the people of West Bengal has been farming, and, as a consequence, the state previously had a large rural population skew. At the turn of the 20th century, however, the role of industry in West Bengal increased substantially, leading to a population move into urban areas.

In 1947, when India gained independence, the erstwhile British Indian province of Bengal was divided into two parts: the eastern region formed East Pakistan—which became Bangladesh in 1971 — and the western part joined India as the state of West Bengal. Scores of refugees from the eastern part came to West Bengal, leading to the start of new urban areas, and contributing to the congestion of already established cities like Kolkata.

As of 2001 India census,[2] 375 cities and towns in West Bengal can be classified in the following categories:

Now, number of municipalities has been increased to 117 as four new municipalities have been established: Nalhati (2000), Dhupguri (2001), Panskura (2001) and Dalkhola (2003).[5] So, the number of census towns is now reduced to 250 as Dhupguri and Dalkhola have been upgraded to municipality.

Major cities[edit]

Kolkata, in a monsoon day
Curzon Gate Burdwan City, Bardhaman
Toy Train approaching Darjeeling
Kalimpong, as viewed from a distance, showing the urban arrangement necessitated by the geography of some parts of the state.
Main gate of Nandikeshwari Temple in Sainthia
Name Coordinates Area[5] Status[5] Population As of 2011[5] Population Density Importance
Kolkata 22°34′N 88°22′E / 22.57°N 88.37°E / 22.57; 88.37 187.50 km2 (72.39 sq mi) Municipal Corporation 4580544 24,430/km2 (63,300/sq mi) The capital of West Bengal. It was the capital of British India until 1911. Kolkata is one of the four big cities in India, and is one of the largest urban agglomerations in the world.
Howrah 22°35′N 88°19′E / 22.59°N 88.31°E / 22.59; 88.31 51.74 km2 (19.98 sq mi) Municipal Corporation 1008704 19,496/km2 (50,490/sq mi) A primarily industrial city in West Bengal. It is located on the west bank of the Hooghly River, and is the twin city to Kolkata. Headquarters of the Howrah district.
Darjeeling 27°02′N 88°10′E / 27.03°N 88.16°E / 27.03; 88.16 10.57 km2 (4.08 sq mi) Municipality 107530 10,173/km2 (26,350/sq mi) It is a famous hill station and tourist destination. It is also known for its access route, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Darjeeling tea, and historical role of the city as a summer retreat. Headquarters of the Darjeeling district.
Kalimpong 27°04′N 88°28′E / 27.06°N 88.47°E / 27.06; 88.47 8.67 km2 (3.35 sq mi) Municipality 42980 4,957/km2 (12,840/sq mi) It is a hill station in the Kalimpong district. It is known as a tourist destination, especially for its climate, and for its Buddhist monasteries and flower market.
Sainthia 23°55′N 87°32′E / 23.92°N 87.53°E / 23.92; 87.53 16 km2 (6.2 sq mi) Municipality 44601 4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi) One of the busiest business hubs in West Bengal and business capital of the Birbhum district. It is a famous tourist destination. The Famous Nandikeshwari Temple, which is one of the Shakti Peethas of Indian subcontinent situated in this town.[6]
Kharagpur 22°20′N 87°20′E / 22.33°N 87.33°E / 22.33; 87.33 90.65 km2 (35.00 sq mi) Municipal Corporation 207984 19,294/km2 (49,970/sq mi) The fifth largest city of West Bengal (by area) is famous for the Indian Institute of Technology. Also has the longest railway platform in the world in its railway station, and a major air force base nearby. It also has one of the best as well as beautiful railway stations in India. It a is a mojor industrial city in West Bengal.
Bardhaman 23°15′N 87°51′E / 23.25°N 87.85°E / 23.25; 87.85 48.00 km2 (18.53 sq mi) Municipal Corporation 430000 5,956/km2 (15,430/sq mi) Headquarters of the Bardhaman district.

Fifth Largest City Of West Bengal After Kolkata, Asansol, Siliguri, Durgapur.

Asansol 23°41′N 86°59′E / 23.68°N 86.98°E / 23.68; 86.98 127.24 km2 (49.13 sq mi) Municipal Corporation 1543008 4,434/km2 (11,480/sq mi) Asansol is the second largest city and urban agglomeration in West Bengal after Kolkata. An industrial city in the Bardhaman District. It is known for the IISCO Steel Plant at Burnpur and the locomotive works at Chittaranjan and the recently founded Kazi Nazrul University It is also at the heart of the Eastern Coalfields area and hosts the headquarters for the mining company. Asansol serves as the commercial hub for the entire region and operates as the Divisional Headquarters for the Asansol Division of the Eastern Railways.
Durgapur 23°29′N 87°19′E / 23.48°N 87.32°E / 23.48; 87.32 154.20 km2 (59.54 sq mi) Municipal Corporation 492996 3,197/km2 (8,280/sq mi) An industrial city in the Bardhaman District, famous for the National Institute of Technology, Durgapur and the Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute, a large industrial city with well-planned roads and townships. It is the second largest city in terms of area.
Murshidabad 24°11′N 88°16′E / 24.18°N 88.27°E / 24.18; 88.27 12.95 km2 (5.00 sq mi) Municipality 160168 12,368/km2 (32,030/sq mi) It was the capital of Bengal before British Raj.
English Bazar 25°00′N 88°09′E / 25.00°N 88.15°E / 25.00; 88.15 13.25 km2 (5.12 sq mi) Municipal

Corporation

161448 12,185/km2 (31,560/sq mi) Headquarter of Malda District and The fifth largest city in state and second in North Bengal, most important trade hub after Siliguri in North Bengal. It is the gateway of North Bengal as well as north-eastern region of India too. It was the capital of ancient Bengal from the 5th century BC till the time of Muslim rule. The relics are at Gaur and Pandua.
Siliguri 26°43′N 88°26′E / 26.71°N 88.43°E / 26.71; 88.43 41.90 km2 (16.18 sq mi) Municipal Corporation 470275 11,224/km2 (29,070/sq mi) An arterial city in North Bengal, one of the most important business hubs in the state and the entire north-eastern region of India. It is the fourth largest city of the state and the second most important trade hub after Kolkata.
Jalpaiguri 26°31′N 88°44′E / 26.52°N 88.73°E / 26.52; 88.73 12.97 km2 (5.01 sq mi) Municipal Corporation 169013 7,726/km2 (20,010/sq mi) Headquarters of the Jalpaiguri district.
Raiganj 25°37′N 88°07′E / 25.62°N 88.12°E / 25.62; 88.12 8.99 km2 (3.47 sq mi) Municipality 165222 18,378/km2 (47,600/sq mi) Headquarters of the district North Dinajpur.
Balurghat 25°13′N 88°46′E / 25.22°N 88.77°E / 25.22; 88.77 8.56 km2 (3.31 sq mi) Municipality 135516 15,831/km2 (41,000/sq mi) Headquarters of the district South Dinajpur.
Purulia 23°20′N 86°22′E / 23.33°N 86.37°E / 23.33; 86.37 13.93 km2 (5.38 sq mi) Municipality 113766 8,167/km2 (21,150/sq mi) Headquarters of the Purulia district.
Baharampur 24°06′N 88°15′E / 24.1°N 88.25°E / 24.1; 88.25 31.42 km2 (12.13 sq mi) Municipal Corporation 160168 5,098/km2 (13,200/sq mi) Also called Berhampore. It is the headquarters of Murshidabad district.
Krishnanagar 23°24′N 88°30′E / 23.4°N 88.5°E / 23.4; 88.5 15.96 km2 (6.16 sq mi) Municipality 139070 8,714/km2 (22,570/sq mi) Headquarters of the Nadia district.
Barasat 22°14′N 88°27′E / 22.23°N 88.45°E / 22.23; 88.45 34.50 km2 (13.32 sq mi) Municipality 231515 6,711/km2 (17,380/sq mi) Headquarters of the North 24 Parganas district.
Barrackpore 22°46′N 88°22′E / 22.76°N 88.37°E / 22.76; 88.37 11.65 km2 (4.50 sq mi) Municipality 144411 12,396/km2 (32,110/sq mi) The first army barrack of the British East India Company was established here. Also, the first sparks of 1857 Indian mutiny is said to have started from this city. It is now a northern suburb of Kolkata.
Ranaghat 23°11′N 88°35′E / 23.18°N 88.58°E / 23.18; 88.58 7.72 km2 (2.98 sq mi) Municipality 68754 8,906/km2 (23,070/sq mi) It is one of the important rail stations in eastern railway and a communication link between north and south Bengal, also it's a growing market.
Serampore 22°45′N 88°20′E / 22.75°N 88.34°E / 22.75; 88.34 14.50 km2 (5.60 sq mi) Municipality 197955 13,652/km2 (35,360/sq mi) A city of the Danish East India Company.
Chandannagar 22°52′N 88°23′E / 22.87°N 88.38°E / 22.87; 88.38 20.00 km2 (7.72 sq mi) Municipal Corporation 162166 8,108/km2 (21,000/sq mi) A city built by the French East India Company.
Chinsura 22°54′N 88°23′E / 22.90°N 88.39°E / 22.90; 88.39 17.29 km2 (6.68 sq mi) Municipality 170201 9,844/km2 (25,500/sq mi) Headquarters of the Hooghly district.
Kalyani 22°59′N 88°29′E / 22.98°N 88.48°E / 22.98; 88.48 29.14 km2 (11.25 sq mi) Municipality 100,620 3,500/km2 (9,100/sq mi) The northernmost part of the Kolkata urban agglomeration, Kalyani was the brainchild of the second chief minister of the state, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy. It is a planned township and is divided into residential, industrial and educational sectors.
Tamluk 22°18′N 87°55′E / 22.3°N 87.92°E / 22.3; 87.92 10.42 km2 (4.02 sq mi) Municipality 45826 4,398/km2 (11,390/sq mi) Headquarters of the district Midnapore East.
Medinipur 22°15′N 87°39′E / 22.25°N 87.65°E / 22.25; 87.65 18.36 km2 (7.09 sq mi) Municipality 153349 8,352/km2 (21,630/sq mi) Headquarters of the district Midnapore West.
Nabadwip 23°15′N 88°13′E / 23.25°N 88.22°E / 23.25; 88.22 12 km2 (4.6 sq mi) Municipality 125341 10,500/km2 (27,000/sq mi) Nabadwip was capital of old Bengal(A.D. 1169 – A.D.1206). It was a place of culture, literature, religion.Lord Sri Chaityanya was born here. It is noted holy place for Hindus.
Contai 21°47′N 87°45′E / 21.78°N 87.75°E / 21.78; 87.75 14.25 km2 (5.50 sq mi) Municipality 77497 5,438/km2 (14,080/sq mi) Near the tourist attraction, Digha.
Cooch Behar 26°11′N 89°16′E / 26.19°N 89.26°E / 26.19; 89.26 8.19 km2 (3.16 sq mi) Municipality 76812 2,053/km2 (5,320/sq mi) Headquarters of the Cooch Behar district.
Bankura 23°15′N 87°04′E / 23.25°N 87.07°E / 23.25; 87.07 19.06 km2 (7.36 sq mi) Municipality 128811 6,758/km2 (17,500/sq mi) Headquarters of the Bankura district.
Bishnupur 23°05′N 87°19′E / 23.08°N 87.32°E / 23.08; 87.32 22.01 km2 (8.50 sq mi) Municipality 61943 2,814/km2 (7,290/sq mi) A city of archeological importance.
Haldia 22°02′N 88°04′E / 22.03°N 88.06°E / 22.03; 88.06 109.65 km2 (42.34 sq mi) Municipality 170695 1,557/km2 (4,030/sq mi) Most important among upcoming industrial hubs of the state. Home to major petrochemical houses, it is set to become the most important port in the region.

List of urban areas (district-wise)[edit]

District Headquarters Municipal Corporations[5] Municipalities[5] Census Towns[7] Special Urban Units
Bankura Bankura -- Bankura, Bishnupur, Sonamukhi Barjora, Beliatore --
Bardhaman Bardhaman Asansol, Durgapur, Bardhaman Dainhat, Guskara, Jamuria, Kalna, Katwa, Kulti, Memari, Raniganj Amkula, Andal, Bahula, Ballavpur, Banshra, Baska, Belebathan, Bhanowara, Bilpahari, Chak Bankola, Chapui, Chelad, Chhora, Chittaranjan, Dalurband, Debipur, Dhandadihi, Dhatrigram, Dignala, Gopinathpur, Haripur, Harishpur, Hatsimla, Hindusthan Cables Town, Jemari, Jemari (J.K. Nagar Township), Kajora, Kanksa, Kenda, Kendra Khottamdi, Khandra, Konardihi, Kunustara, Mahira, Mandarbani, Murgathaul, Nabgram, Palashban, Pangachhiya (B), Panuhat, Parashkol, Parasia, Patuli, Prayagpur, Raghunathchak, Ramnagar, Ratibati, Sankarpur, Sarpi, Siduli, Sirsha, Srirampur, Sukdal, Ukhra, Uttar Goara --
Birbhum Suri -- Bolpur, Dubrajpur, Nalhati, Rampurhat, Sainthia, Suri Ahmadpur --
Cooch Behar Cooch Behar -- Dinhata, Koch Bihar, Haldibari, Mathabhanga, Mekliganj, Tufanganj Bhangri Pratham Khanda, Guriahati, Khagrabari, Kharimala Khagrabari --
Darjeeling Darjeeling Siliguri Darjiling, Kalimpong, Kurseong, Mirik Bairatisal, Cart Road, Pattabong Tea Garden, Uttar Bagdogra --
East Midnapore Tamluk -- Contai, Egra, Haldia, Panskura, Tamluk Bahirgram, Dakshin Baguan, Goasafat, Kakdihi, Kolaghat --
Hooghly Chinsura Chandannagar, Srirampur, Chinsurah Arambag, Bansberia, Baidyabati, Bhadreswar, Champdani, Konnagar, Rishra, Tarakeswar, Uttarpara Kotrung Amodghata, Badhagachhi, Bamunari, Barijhati, Begampur, Chak Bansberia, Chikrand, Dakshin Rajyadharpur, Dharmapur, Kanaipur, Kharsarai, Kodalia, Kulihanda, Madhusudanpur, Mrigala, Monoharpur, Nabagram Colony, Pairagachha, Pandua, Purba Tajpur, Raghunathpur, Rishra,[8] Shankhanagar, Simla, Singur, Garalgachha, Krishnapur, Raghunathpur --
Howrah Howrah Howrah Bally, Uluberia Andul, Ankurhati, Argari, Bagnan, Balaram Pota, Bally (Jagachha), Bankra, Banupur, Beldubi, Bhandardaha, Bikihakola, Bipra Noapara, Chakapara, Chamrail, Dakshin Jhapardaha, Dhuilya, Domjur, Eksara, Gabberia, Hatgachha, Jagadishpur, Jala Kendua, Jhorhat, Kalara, Kantlia, Kesabpur, Khalia, Khalor, Khantora, Mahiari, Makardaha, Manikpur, Mansinhapur, Nalpur, Natibpur, Naupala, Nibra, Panchla, Panchpara, Paniara, Podara, Raghudebbati, Ramchandrapur, Sahapur, Salap, Sankrail, Santoshpur, Sarenga, Tentulkuli, Uttar Pirpur --
Jalpaiguri Jalpaiguri Jalpaiguri Alipurduar, Dhupguri, Mal Alipurduar Railway Junction, Banarhat Tea Garden, Bholar Dabri, Chechakhata, Falakata, Gairkata, Jaygaon, Mainaguri, Paschim Jitpur, Sobhaganj, Uttar Kamakhyaguri, Uttar Latabari --
Kolkata Kolkata Kolkata -- -- --
Malda English Bazar English Bazar English Bazar, Old Maldah Aiho, Kachu Pukur, Kendua, Gazole, Chanchal, Kaliachak, SujapurManikchak, Ratua, Harish Chandrapur, Bamongola, Habibpur --
Murshidabad Baharampur Baharampur Beldanga, Dhulian, Jangipur, Jiaganj Azimganj, Kandi, Murshidabad Anup Nagar, Aurangabad, Chachanda, Charka, Dafahat, Dhusaripara, Sagardighi, Farrakka Barrage Township, Fatellapur, Ghorsala, Goaljan, Gora Bazar, Harharia Chak, Jagtaj, Jot Kamal, Kankuria, Kasimbazar, Khodarampur, Paschim Punropara, Sahajadpur, Serpur, Srikantabati, Uttar Mahammadpur --
Nadia Krishnanagar Kalyani Birnagar, Chakdaha, Gayespur, Haringhata, Krishnanagar, Taherpur, Nabadwip, Ranaghat, Santipur, Coopers Camp Aistala, Bablari Dewanganj, Baruihuda, Char Brahmanagar, Char Maijdia, Darappur, Jagadanandapur, Karimpur, Kshidirpur, Madanpur, Nagarukhra, Badkulla, Nasra, Parbbatipur, Phulia, Satigachha,
North 24 Parganas Barasat Bidhannagar, Barasat, Barakpur, Dumdum Ashoknagar Kalyangarh, Baduria, Bangaon, Baranagar, Basirhat, Bhatpara, Gobardanga, Habra, Halisahar, Garulia, Kamarhati, Kanchrapara, Khardaha, Madhyamgram, Naihati, New Barrackpur, North Barrackpur, North Dumdum, Panihati, Rajarhat Gopalpur, South Dumdum, Taki, Titagarh Bamangachhi, Bara Bamonia, Chandpur, Dhakuria, Dhanyakuria, Garshyamnagar, Guma, Ichhapur Defence Estate, Jafarpur, Jetia, Kaugachhi, Maslandapur, Muragachha, Nebadhai Duttapukur, Nokpul, Patulia, Raigachhi, Ruiya, Sadpur, Sonatikiri, Talbandha Cantonment Board: Barrackpur Cantonment
North Dinajpur Raiganj -- Dalkhola, Islampur, Kaliaganj, Raiganj Kasba, Nachhratpur Katabari --
Purulia Purulia -- Jhalda, Puruliya, Raghunathpur Adra, Arra, Balarampur, Barabazar, Chapari, Hijuli, Nabagram, Par Beliya, Santaldih --
South 24 Parganas Alipore Maheshtala Baruipur, Budge Budge, Diamond Harbour, Jaynagar Mazilpur, Pujali, Rajpur Sonarpur Amtala, Balarampur, Budgebudge, Bhangar, Raghunathpur, Bilandapur, Birlapur, Bishnupur, Bishnupur, Bowali, Chak Enayetnagar, Chak Kashipur, Chata Kalikapur, Kanyanagar, Uttar Durgapur, Uttar Kalas, Uttar Raypur --
South Dinajpur Balurghat -- Balurghat, Gangarampur -- --
West Midnapore Medinipur Kharagpur Chandrakona, Ghatal, Jhargram, Kharar, Ghatal, Kshirpai, Medinipur, Ramjibanpur Balichak, Deuli, Durllabhganj, Kharagpur Railway Settlement --

References[edit]

  1. ^ 903 per sq. km. "India at a glance: Population Density". Census of India, 2001. Retrieved 2008-12-13. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ "List of Million Plus Cities of India". Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-14. 
  4. ^ "Four new municipalities in West Bengal". Rabin Biswas. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Category, Year of Establishment, Area, SC, ST and total population in ULBs in West Bengal" (PDF). Department of Municipal affairs, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2008-11-09. [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ http://m.sainthia.westbengalonline.in/city-guide/about-sainthia#
  7. ^ "List of Census Towns, West Bengal, 2001". Census of India, Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 2008-12-15. 
  8. ^ Rishra census town is separate urban unit from Rishra municipality