In the United States, a citizen legislature is one made up primarily of citizens who have a full-time occupation besides being a legislator. James Madison wrote in Federalist No. 62 that "It is not possible that an assembly of men called for the most part from pursuits of a private nature, continued in appointment for a short time, and led by no permanent motive to devote intervals of public occupation to a study of the laws, the affairs, and the comprehensive interests of their country, should, if left wholly to themselves, escape a variety of important errors in the exercise of their legislative trust." Legislatures considered to be citizen legislatures include Idaho, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Utah, and Wyoming. Many states, by contrast, have a professional legislature.
- Idaho Legislature
- Oregon Legislative Assembly
- Wyoming Legislature
- New Mexico Legislature
- Utah State Legislature
- North Carolina General Assembly
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