Citizens' Defence Force

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The Citizens' Defence Force (1922) was a unit of former British Army soldiers and Irish Volunteers organised by Ireland as a semi-secret group of about 100 operatives. It was financed from the Secret Service budget to mount foot patrols and gather intelligence, and was eventually absorbed into the CID (Criminal Investigation Department).[1][2][3]


  1. ^ O'Halpin, Eunan (2000). Defending Ireland: The Irish State and Its Enemies Since 1922. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-924269-6. 
  2. ^ "No. 34/1923: SUPERANNUATION AND PENSIONS ACT, 1923". Oireachtas. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  3. ^ "SUPERANNUATION AND PENSIONS BILL—SECOND STAGE.". Oireachtas. 25 July 1923. Retrieved 2009-05-22.