Department of Citizenship and Immigration Canada

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Citizenship and Immigration Canada
Citoyenneté et Immigration Canada
Citizenship and Immigration Canada Logo.png
Department overview
Formed 1994

Department responsible for

  • Citizenship
  • Immigration
Jurisdiction Canada
Employees 5,000
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible

Citizenship and Immigration Canada is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for issues dealing with immigration and citizenship. The department was established in 1994 following a reorganization within the federal government.

Prior to 1994 the immigration was placed under several ministries:

  • Department of Immigration and Colonization 1917 to 1936
  • Department of Mines and Resources 1936 to 1950
  • Department of Citizenship and Immigration 1950 to 1966
  • Department of Manpower and Immigration 1966 to 1977
  • Department of State for Citizenship 1966 to 1991
  • Department of Employment and Immigration 1977 to 1991
  • Department of Multiculturalism and Citizenship 1991 to 1994

The current Minister of Citizenship and Immigration is Chris Alexander.


Canadian citizenship
This article is part of a series
Immigration to Canada
History of immigration to Canada
Economic impact of immigration
Canadian immigration and refugee law
Immigration Act, 1976
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
Permanent residency
Temporary residency
Permanent Resident Card
Canadian nationality law
History of nationality law
Citizenship Act 1946
Citizenship Test
Oath of Citizenship
Citizenship and Immigration Canada
Passport Canada
Citizenship classes
Honorary citizenship
Commonwealth citizen
Lost Canadians
"Canadians of convenience"
Demographics of Canada
Population by year
Ethnic origins

CIC operates a large network of "Citizenship and Immigration Centres" throughout Canada and in an important number of embassies, high commissions and consulates abroad. Service Canada recently started to take over some of the domestic field operations of the department, while with its creation in 2003, the Canada Border Services Agency took over the control of enforcement and entry control at land borders and airports.

CIC remains responsible for the establishment of policies and processing of permanent and temporary residence visa, refugee protection and citizenship applications.


CIC helps immigrants and refugees settle in Canada by funding organizations like the Canadian Caregivers Association to provide newcomers with settlement programs. These organizations are called service provider organizations.

The CIC funds the following programs through service provider organizations:

  • Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada
  • Immigrant Settlement and Adaptation Program (called the Integrated Service Program in Alberta)
  • Host Program
  • Resettlement Assistance Program (for resettled refugees)

The services provided under these programs include the following:

  • Adult language classes in English and French
  • Information on life in Canada
  • Job searching
  • Participation in community activities
  • Access and referral to community resources

Related Legislation[edit]


The Citizenship and Immigration Canada department employs 5,000 staff. In 2006 the Canadian government reduced the landing fee per immigrant by 50%.[1]

Current Citizenship and Immigration Structure[edit]

  • Minister of Citizenship and Immigration
    • Deputy Minister
      • Associate Deputy Minister
    • Assistant Deputy Minister, Strategic and Program Policy
      • Associate ADM, Strategic and Program Policy
    • Assistant Deputy Minister, Operations
      • Associate ADM, Operations
    • Assistant Deputy Minister, Corporate Services
    • Assistant Deputy Minister, Chief Financial Officer

Citizenship Commission[edit]

The Citizenship Commission is responsible for Citizenship Judge and arms length body to the Department of Citizenship and Immigration. The body's mandate is directed by the Citizenship Act.

The Commission is headed by a Senior Citizenship Judge and serves a 5 year term. The current head of the Commission is Renata Brum Bozzi (since 2013).[2]

List of former Commission heads:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Promoting opportunity for new Canadians - Prime Minister of Canada. (2006-05-12). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  2. ^ [1]

External links[edit]