Citrix Systems headquarters in Santa Clara, California
S&P 500 Component
|Headquarters||Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States|
|Thomas F. Bogan (Chairman)
Mark B. Templeton (CEO)
David Henshall (CFO)
|Products||Application Delivery Industry, Virtualization software (DaaS), SaaS, cloud, and networking|
|Revenue||US$ =3,142.856 million (2014)|
|US$ 302.311 million (2014)|
|US$ 251.723 million (2014)|
|Total assets||US$ 5,512.007 million (2014)|
|Total equity||US$ 2,173,645 million (2014)|
Number of employees
|10081 (Dec 2014) minus 700 |
Citrix Systems, Inc. is an American multinational software company founded in 1989 that provides server, application and desktop virtualization, networking, software-as-a-service (SaaS), and cloud computing technologies, including Xen open-source products.
Citrix currently services around 330,000 organizations worldwide and is based in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, in the Miami metropolitan area, with subsidiary operations in California and Massachusetts, and additional development centers in Canada, Germany, Denmark, the United Kingdom, India and Australia.
- 1 History
- 2 Corporate philanthropy
- 3 Acquisitions
- 4 Layoffs
- 5 Products
- 6 References
- 7 Further reading
- 8 Similar Companies
- 9 External links
Citrix was founded in Richardson, Texas in 1989 by former IBM developer Ed Iacobucci with $3 million in funding. Following its initial setup and development, Iacobucci moved the company to his former home of Coral Springs, Florida. The company's first employees were five other engineers from IBM that Iacobucci convinced to join his team. Iacobucci served as chairman of the company and Roger Roberts became the CEO of Citrix in 1990. Citrix was originally named Citrus, but changed its name after an existing company claimed trademark rights. The Citrix name is a portmanteau of Citrus and UNIX.
The company's first product was Citrix Multiuser, an extension of OS/2 developed over two years. Citrix licensed the OS/2 source code from Microsoft, and developed its own Independent Computing Architecture (ICA) protocol for Citrix Multiuser. Multiuser allowed multiple users working on separate computers remote access to software on a server, even from computers not built to run OS/2. Three days before the product launched in 1991, Microsoft announced they would be switching from OS/2 to Windows. The switch made Multiuser nearly unusable without significant changes to make it compatible with Windows or DOS. The company discussed closing in 1991, but investments from Intel, Microsoft and Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers among others, allowed the company to work on a new version of Multiuser.
Multi-Win version 2.0 was released in 1992. It was compatible with DOS applications and allowed up to five users. In 1993, Citrix released a new remote applications server, WinView, which had the ability to run DOS and Windows applications. By 1994, the company's yearly revenue equaled US$10 million.
Rise in popularity
Citrix had its initial public offering in December 1995. The company's share price doubled from $15 to $30. During the mid 1990s, Citrix became the leader of its growing industry with very few competitors, and the company's revenues doubled year over year between 1995 and 1999.
In 1997, during negotiations to extend licenses of Windows NT 4.0 source code to Citrix, Microsoft stated it would develop its own competing software to WinFrame. Citrix stocks dropped 62 percent after the announcement. Following weeks of discussions, Iacobucci was able to persuade Microsoft to agree to license Citrix technology for Windows NT Server 4.0, which resulted in Windows Terminal Server Edition in 1998. This agreement allowed Citrix to keep its position in the marketplace and be NT 4.0 compatible. Citrix also earned $75 million through the agreement, along with a royalty arrangement that was valued at approximately $100 million.
Citrix released MetaFrame 1.0 in conjunction with Terminal Server Edition. Due to weaknesses in Microsoft's Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP), Terminal Server Edition worked best using the ICA protocol developed by Citrix and found in MetaFrame. This meant that Citrix technology was purchased and installed on most machines running Terminal Server Edition.
In 1997, the company opened a new headquarters in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. It also opened offices in Sydney, London and Paris that same year. In 1998, Mark Templeton became the CEO of Citrix after serving as vice president of marketing. Also in 1998, it licensed its ICA protocol to IBM and Key Tronics. Citrix licensed its ICA protocol to Motorola for use in digital wireless handsets in 1999.
During 1999, the thin-client model Citrix used became a software trend and the company's customers increased to 15 million. Major clients included Sears, AT&T, and Chevron. A sudden drop in stocks in 2000 led to Iacobucci leaving the company and CEO Mark Templeton being demoted to president and senior executive officer. Templeton was later reinstated in 2001.
In 2001 Citrix acquired the Sequoia Software Corp. for $185 million. That same year it released MetaFrame XP, a new platform using MetaFrame technology. This was later rebranded by Citrix as Presentation Server, in 2005.
Citrix acquired ExpertCity, a provider of remote desktop products, in December 2003 for $225 million in cash and stock. The acquisition was the largest for the company up to that date. Through the acquisition, Citrix gained ExpertCity's existing products GoToMyPC and GoToAssist, and ExpertCity became the Citrix Online division of the company. In 2004, the company introduced Citrix GoToMeeting.
Between 2005 and 2012, the company acquired over a dozen companies that allowed them to expand in new markets. Citrix acquired acceleration hardware maker NetScaler in 2005, which allowed the company to offer optimized application delivery. The company entered the server and desktop virtualization market with the purchase of XenSource in August 2007. Citrix expanded cloud and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offerings in August 2010 with the acquisition of VMLogix. In February 2011, Citrix entered the European Software as a Service (SaaS) market with the acquisition of Netviewer.
The company became a leader in IaaS after the acquisition of Cloud.com, provider of cloud infrastructure for companies, in July 2011. Citrix began offering VDI-in-a-box to small and medium businesses with the acquisition of Kaviza in May 2011. The company acquired technology for cloud-based file sharing and storage through its purchase of ShareFile in October 2011.
In May 2012, Citrix acquired Virtual Computer, maker of intelligent desktop virtualization. The technology is used in the company's XenClient Enterprise edition. Citrix entered the mobile video and telecom markets in June 2012 when the company acquired ByteMobile. Also in 2012, the company acquired Zenprise. Zenprise's Mobile application management (MAM) technology was released as XenMobile in February 2013.
In 2007, the company opened a headquarters in Silicon Valley. In 2008, the company changed the name of its Presentation Server product line to XenApp. Also in 2008, Citrix announced an expanded alliance with Microsoft on desktop virtualization solutions. In August 2010, Citrix announced a partnership with Google to bring the company's products to Chrome OS devices.
Citrix acquired Framehawk in January 2014 in order to use the company's technology to improve the delivery of virtual desktops and applications over wireless networks, including cellular, where speed and quality may be poor.
Citrix invests in an ongoing Corporate Giving Program focusing on education, economic development and technology advancement.
|September 1997||DataPac||$5 million|
|January 1998||The NTrigue product from Insignia||?|
|July 1998||VDOnet||$8 million|
|July 1999||ViewSoft||$32 million|
|February 2000||Innovex Group||$48.7 million|
|March 2001||Sequoia Software Corporation, a Columbia, MD, maker of XML-based portal software.||$185 million|
|December 2003||Expertcity of Santa Barbara, CA, developer of the Web-hosted portable desktop product GoToMyPC and online meeting platform GoToMeeting. Expertcity became Citrix's Citrix Online division.||$225 million|
|November 2004||Net6 of San Jose, CA.||$50 million|
|June 2005||Netscaler, a Santa Clara, CA, manufacturer of network appliances.||About $300 million in cash and stock.|
|November 2005||Teros, a Sunnyvale, CA, producer of web application firewalls.||?|
|May 2006||Reflectent. The product Spectacle was then relabeled as Citrix EdgeSight.||?|
|August 7, 2006||Orbital Data of San Mateo, California.||?|
|December 2006||Ardence Inc., resulting in the product Citrix Provisioning Services(PVS)||?|
|February 2007||Aurema, developer of a CPU and memory management product, resulting in the addition of a CPU management feature to Citrix's main product XenApp.||?|
|September 2007||QuickTree, a privately held XML and Web Services Firewall company.||?|
|October 2007||XenSource, developer of the virtualization product XenServer that is based on the open source Xen Hypervisor.||?|
|May 2008||The sepagoProfile product from sepago.||?|
|November 2008||Vapps||$26.6 million|
|August 2010||VMLogix Inc., a virtualization automation and management company.||?|
|February 2011||Ems-Cortex. Cortex product now sold as CloudPortal Services Manager||?|
|June 2011||Kaviza, now resulting in a product called VDI-in-a-box.||?|
|April 2012||Podio ||?|
|May 2012||Virtual Computer||?|
|June 2012||Bytemobile||$435 million|
|December 2012||Zenprise now sold as XenMobile||$327 million|
|September 2013||Byte Squared||?|
|August 2014||Virtual, iOS and Android virtualization.||?|
|October 2014||RightSignature, a company that provides online document signing tools.||?|
|November 2014||Solid Instance||?|
|December 2014||Octoblu, a machine to machine networking platform||?|
|January 2015||Sanbolic, a storage virtualization technologies company||?|
On July 9, 2002 Citrix announced a 10% job cut. At the time the company employed about 1,900 workers. After the announcement the stock hit a five-year low.
On January 29, 2009 Citrix announced that 460 employee positions would be cut, comprising 10% of its workforce. 
On January 29, 2015 Citrix announced that 700 full-time and 200 contractor positions would be eliminated. This constituted about 10% of its workforce. The cuts were expected to save between $90 and $100 million a year. Two hundred of the layoffs occurred in Fort Lauderdale, Florida where the company is headquartered.
Citrix creates software that allows the individuals of an enterprise to work and collaborate remotely regardless of device or network. The main areas the company works in are desktop and apps, Desktop as a Service (DaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS), and networking and cloud.
Desktops and apps
Citrix offers a number of products related to desktop and application virtualization. These tools allow access to Windows desktops and applications independent of the machine they're actually on, from any device with any operating system. Citrix XenApp provides application virtualization, and Citrix XenDesktop, Citrix VDI-in-a-Box and XenClient all provide desktop virtualization. The DesktopPlayer for Mac allows online and offline access to Windows virtual desktops from Macs. Citrix Workspace Cloud is a platform for building and delivering desktops and applications from the cloud. ShareFile allows companies and organizations to sync and share files. XenMobile offers mobile app and device management, and Citrix Receiver is client software that allows universal access to virtual applications and desktops. Citrix also provides GoToMyPC, which is an online service for remote desktop access.
Desktop as a Service (DaaS)
Citrix technology enables service providers to provide Desktop as a Service (DaaS) offerings to their customers, including business apps and desktops. These products include: Worx Mobile Apps for secure email, browser, and document sharing; Citrix Workspace Suite for mobile workspaces; and AppDNA, software that provides application migration and management.
Networking and cloud
Citrix products related to cloud computing and networking include Citrix XenServer for server virtualization; CloudPlatform powered by Apache CloudStack for building cloud infrastructure; CloudBridge for WAN optimization; and its Netscaler brand of network appliances, Application Delivery Controller (ADC), Gateway, and AppFirewall. The company also has ByteMobile Adaptive Traffic Management, which aims to optimize mobile video services through traffic management, policy control and caching, and ByteMobile Insight, which provides mobile data and subscriber analytics.
Software as a Service (SaaS)
Citrix Software as a Service (SaaS) products are focused on collaboration and communications. The offerings include GoToAssist for remote IT support; GoToTraining, which supports online training; GoToMeeting, which facilitates online meetings; GoToWebinar for webinars and online conferencing; Podio, a cloud-based collaboration service; and OpenVoice, which provides audio conferencing.
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Completed the acquisition of Ardence Inc. bringing on-demand provisioning to its application delivery infrastructure
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4.3.1 Provisioning Services (PVS) solution [...] Hosted VDI desktops can be deployed with or without Citrix PVS. The advantage of using PVS is that you can stream a single desktop image to create multiple virtual desktops on one or more servers in a data center.
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- Official website
- Citrix System SEC Filings
- Citrix Blogs
- Citrix Netscaler Support Forum
- Citrix History
- Citrix Golden Partner
- Citrix Vendor Partner