Citroën C5

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Citroën C5
Citroen C5X IMG003.jpg
Citroën C5 X
Overview
ManufacturerCitroën[a]
Production2000–2017 (Europe)
2008–2021 (China)[citation needed]
2021–present (C5 X)
Body and chassis
ClassLarge family car (D) (2000–2021)
Mid-size crossover SUV (D) (2021–present)
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
PredecessorCitroën Xantia
Citroën XM 2.0
SuccessorCitroën C5 X
DS 5 (for first-generation liftback)

The Citroën C5 is a large family car (classified as a mid-size crossover since 2021) produced by the French manufacturer Citroën since March 2001, currently at its third generation. It replaced the Citroën Xantia, in the large family car class, and is the first modern Citroën with "Cx" naming nomenclature, previously used by its ancestors, the C4 and C6 from 1930. The third generation was released in 2021, with crossover styling and marketed as the Citroën C5 X.[1]

First generation (DC/DE; 2001)[edit]

First generation (DC/DE)
2004 Citroen C5 LX 1.7.jpg
Overview
Production2000–2007
AssemblyFrance: Rennes (Rennes Plant)
Body and chassis
Body style5-door liftback
5-door estate
PlatformPSA PF3
RelatedCitroën C6
Peugeot 407
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,750 mm (108.3 in)
Length4,745 mm (186.8 in) (liftback)
4,839 mm (190.5 in) (estate)
Width1,770 mm (69.7 in)
Height1,476 mm (58.1 in) (liftback)
1,511 mm (59.5 in) (estate)
Liftback (pre-facelift)
Estate (pre-facelift)
Liftback (facelift)
Liftback (facelift)
Estate (facelift)

The first-generation C5 was available as a five-door liftback or five-door estate styles only. As a liftback, Citroën had completely reversed the design philosophy from the fastback saloon era of Robert Opron. Production commenced in the end of 2000. Sales in the United Kingdom commenced in April 2001.[2]

Power came from 1.8 and 2.0 litre straight-4 and 3.0 litre V6 petrol engines, as well as 1.6, 2.0 and 2.2 litre direct injection diesel engines. The first-generation C5 was the last Citroën developed under the chairmanship of Jacques Calvet (1982–1999). The C5 had a further development of Citroën's hydropneumatic suspension, now called Hydractive 3.

The major change with this system was the use of electronic sensors to replace the mechanical height correctors seen in all previous hydropneumatic cars. This allowed the suspension computer to automatically control ride height: at high speed the suspension is lowered to reduce drag and at low speeds on bumpy roads the ride height is raised.

Manual control of ride height was retained, though it was overridden by the computer if the car was driven at an inappropriate speed for the selected height. Certain cars also featured the computer controlled ride stiffness, called Hydractive 3+.

In a major break with Citroën tradition, the brakes and steering were no longer powered by the same hydraulic system as the suspension, but the power steering used the same LDS fluid with its own pump. It has been speculated[by whom?] that the primary driver for this was the cost of developing electronic brake force distribution for the system, when the PSA Group already had an implementation for conventional brakes.

Another factor may be the highly responsive nature of 'traditional' Citroën brakes, which some have found hard to adjust to on other hydropneumatic cars, though it is felt by some to be superior.[citation needed]

In September 2004, the C5 underwent a major facelift (new front and rear ends; same centre section) to bring it into line with the look of the new Citroën C4. The liftback was lengthened from 4,618 mm (181.8 in) to 4,745 mm (186.8 in) and the estate from 4,755 mm (187.2 in) to 4,840 mm (190.6 in). Also, this new version got swivelling directional headlights.

The Hydractive suspension improves ride quality, keeps the car levelled, and enables the car to drive on three wheels if one tire is flat. The suspension is derived from the Hydropneumatic suspension used in the 1950s Citroën DS. Variations in height using the Hydractive suspension range up to 15 mm (0.6 in) in the front and 11 mm (0.4 in) in the back.

Production ended in December 2007, with the final production number being 720,000. In the United Kingdom, 45,502 models of the car were sold from 2001 to 2004.[3]

Engine Displacement Power Torque Top speed 0–62 mph (100 km/h) (s)
1.8 L EW7 I4 1749 cc 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) at 5,500 rpm 160 N⋅m (118 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm 122 mph (196 km/h) 11.1
1.8 L EW7 I4 with automatic 11.3
2.0 L EW10 I4 1997 cc 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) at 6,000 rpm 190 N⋅m (140 lb⋅ft) at 4,100 rpm 129 mph (208 km/h) 9.8
2.0 L EW10 I4 HPI 140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) at 6,000 rpm 192 N⋅m (142 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm 130 mph (209 km/h) 9.6
2.0 L EW10 I4 VVT 143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) at 6,000 rpm 200 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm 9.1
3.0 L ES9 V6 2946 cc 207 PS (152 kW; 204 hp) at 6,000 rpm 285 N⋅m (210 lb⋅ft) at 3,750 rpm 144 mph (232 km/h) 9.7
3.0 L ES9 V6 VVT 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp) at 6,000 rpm 290 N⋅m (214 lb⋅ft) at 3,750 rpm 143 mph (230 km/h) 8.6
1.6 L DV6 HDi diesel I4 1560 cc 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) at 4,000 rpm 240 N⋅m (180 lb⋅ft) at 1,750 rpm 118 mph (190 km/h) 11.3
2.0 L DW10 HDi diesel I4 1997 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 4,000 rpm 205 N⋅m (151 lb⋅ft) at 1,900 rpm 112 mph (180 km/h) 13.1
109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) at 4,000 rpm 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) at 1,750 rpm 119 mph (192 km/h) 11.3
136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) at 4,000 rpm 320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft) at 2,000 rpm 127 mph (204 km/h) 9.8
2.2 L DW12 HDi diesel I4 2179 cc 133 PS (98 kW; 131 hp) at 4,000 rpm 314 N⋅m (232 lb⋅ft) at 2,000 rpm 127 mph (204 km/h) 10,5
170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) at 4,000 rpm 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 1,750 rpm 138 mph (222 km/h) 8,5

Second generation (RD/TD; 2007)[edit]

Second generation (RD/TD)
Citroën C5 II front-1.JPG
Overview
Production2007–2017 (Europe)
2008–2021 (China)
AssemblyFrance: Rennes (Rennes Plant)
China: Wuhan (Dongfeng-PSA)
DesignerDomagoj Đukec
Body and chassis
Body style4-door saloon
5-door estate
PlatformPSA PF3 platform
RelatedPeugeot 508
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,814 mm (110.8 in)
Length4,778 mm (188.1 in) (saloon)
4,829 mm (190.1 in) (estate)
Width1,852 mm (72.9 in)
Height1,455 mm (57.3 in) (saloon)
1,471 mm (57.9 in) (estate)

The second-generation C5 was officially unveiled in the beginning of 2008, and does not retain the liftback bodystyle, instead being a regular, three box saloon of an aerodynamic shape.

Citroën C5 Airscape Concept

The C5 Airscape concept, which was presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2007, gave an outlook on the second-generation C5.

It was launched in February 2008,[4] with the estate version following in May 2008,[4] and receives the name of Tourer. This C5 won 2009 Semperit Irish Car of the Year, as well as being awarded 2008–09 Japan's Import Car of the Year. The second generation was presented on 15 January 2008, having its world premiere at the Brussels Motor Show.

Estate (pre-facelift)
Sallon (pre-facelift)

The second-generation C5 is available with conventional springs, as well as the hydropneumatic suspension and 2.7L Ford AJD-V6/PSA DT17 engine from the Citroën C6. In 2009, the 2.7L was replaced by an updated 3.0L unit which, despite offering more power, has improved fuel consumption and emissions.[5]

In 2010, the 2.0L HDi 140 and the 2.2L HDi 173 engines, were replaced by the 2.0L HDi 160 engine, mated to a six speed automatic or manual transmissions to comply with the Euro 5. Similarly, the 2.0L 16V 143 bhp petrol engine was replaced by the 1.6L THP 155, from the DS3 mated to a six speed manual transmission.

In 2011, the C5 was given a mild facelift, with a few cosmetic changes, such as LED lights. Three engines were added to the range consisting of two diesels, 2.0 HDI 160, and a 2.2 HDI 200 as well as a petrol engine, 1.6 VTI 120.

Estate (facelift)
Saloon (facelift)

In July 2012, the C5 was given another mild facelift, with a few cosmetic changes, such as softer chevron badging, modified badging of C5, softer chevron "grille" as per the recently updated C4, and exclusive badges (on the Exclusive) on the sides in front of the front doors. For the Exclusive, the onboard GPS/radio head was also changed to the eMyWay unit which features full Bluetooth connectivity and iPod/USB interface.

In May 2016, the C5 was officially withdrawn in the United Kingdom, due to disappointing sales of 17,105 since 2008.[6] In 2015, only 237 cars were sold, the lowest number since the car's launch. This is in comparison to 6,549 sales in France in the same time span. However, this could be due to the model being launched at the start of the financial crisis in 2008, as well as increased demand for crossover models. This also marked the end of right-hand drive production of the C5.[3]

Sharing the same underpinnings of the Citroën C6, which has since been discontinued, this generation of C5 is often referred to also as the "X7". It is observed that on these cars two technical entities, the hydropneumatic system and the double wishbone layout, are utilized in conjunction.

eTouch Comprising a package of services including the emergency and assistance calls, Citroën eTouch also proposes a virtual maintenance manual, and an Eco Driving service accessible via the MyCitroën personal area on the web. For calls, Citroën eTouch works completely independently.

The system is equipped with a GPS module, and a SIM card, with no need for a call plan and unlimited over time. The vehicles features two buttons, "SOS" for emergency calls (the call is also triggered automatically in the event of impact) and "Double Chevron" for assistance calls.

The emergency call gets emergency services to customers faster, for accident victims and bystanders alike. The two services are free and available at any time. In China, the C5 was heavily restyled in 2017, while in Europe, production officially ended. Since March 2017, the saloon became no longer free to order. However, the Tourer and the CrossTourer remained configurable.

2017 facelift in China[edit]

Citroën C5 (chinese model first facelift)
Citroën C5 2017 (chinese model second facelift)

The 2017 facelift for the second-generation C5 in China includes a redesign with the front end of the car completely redesigned, featuring new headlights, grilles, and bumper, and giving it an updated front face, and a slightly revised rear with new tail lamps. The 2017 facelift C5 model was powered by the same range of engines used in the pre-facelift model in China. Engine options include a 1.6-liter turbo gasoline engine with 167 horsepower (124 kilowatts) and a bigger 1.8 turbo engine with 204 hp (152 kW) and 207 pound-feet (280 Newton meters) of torque. Both motors will be mated exclusively to a six-speed automatic transmission, powering to the front wheels. The Hydractive hydropneumatic suspension won’t be available for the 2017 C5 facelift as Citroën has decided to drop it from its portfolio due to the high production costs and low customer demand.[7]

Engine Displacement Power Top speed 0–62 mph
(0–100 km/h) (s)
Economy
(liters/100 km)
CO2 emissions (g/km)
1.8 L I4 1749 cc 125 bhp (93 kW; 127 PS) 125 mph (201 km/h) 11.0 6.57 188
1.6 L I4 1598 cc 120 bhp (89 kW; 122 PS) 117 mph (188 km/h) 12.2 6.2 144
2.0 L I4 1997 cc 140 bhp (104 kW; 142 PS) 129 mph (208 km/h) 9.7 7.00 198
2.3 L I4 2253 cc 169 bhp (126 kW; 171 PS) 218 km/h (135 mph) 9.9 12.8 299
1.6 L Turbocharged I4 1598 cc 154 bhp (115 kW; 156 PS) 130 mph (209 km/h) 8.6 6.69 153
3.0 L V6 2946 cc 211 bhp (157 kW; 214 PS) 139 mph (224 km/h) 9.2 10.50 248
1.6 L diesel I4 1560 cc 109 bhp (81 kW; 111 PS) 119 mph (192 km/h) 12.2 4.67 149
1.6 L diesel I4 1560 cc 109 bhp (81 kW; 111 PS) 120 mph (193 km/h) 11.6 4.6 120
2.0 L diesel I4 1997 cc 136 bhp (101 kW; 138 PS) 127 mph (204 km/h) 10.6 4.99 157
2.0 L diesel I4 1997 cc 140 bhp (104 kW; 142 PS) 127 mph (204 km/h) 10.6 5.7 139
2.0 L diesel I4 1997 cc 161 bhp (120 kW; 163 PS) 130 mph (209 km/h) 9.1 5.29 139
2.2 L diesel I4 2179 cc 170 bhp (127 kW; 172 PS) 135 mph (217 km/h) 9.2 5.41 172
2.2 L diesel I4 2179 cc 200 bhp (149 kW; 203 PS) 140 mph (225 km/h) 8.3 5.9 155
2.7 L diesel V6 2720 cc 208 bhp (155 kW; 211 PS) 139 mph (224 km/h) 8.9 7.00 223
3.0 L diesel V6 2992 cc 240 bhp (179 kW; 243 PS) 151 mph (243 km/h) 7.7 6.19 195

Third generation (2021)[edit]

Citroën C5 X
Citroen C5X IMG001.jpg
Overview
Production2021–present
AssemblyChina: Chengdu (Dongfeng-PSA)
DesignerFrédéric Angibaud (exterior)
Diogo Jo (interior)
Body and chassis
Body style5-door estate
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
PlatformPSA EMP2
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Electric motorSynchronous (PHEV)
Transmission8-speed Aisin AWF8F35 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,785 mm (109.6 in)
Length4,805 mm (189.2 in)
Width1,865 mm (73.4 in)
Height1,505 mm (59.3 in)
Chronology
PredecessorCitroën C6[8]
Citroen C5 (second generation; China)
Citroen C5 X rear quarter view
Citroen C5 X Interior

The C5 nameplate was revived on 12 April 2021. Dubbed as C5 X, the model emphasised the crossover styling and increased ground clearance. It is available as a plug-in hybrid with shared technology from the Peugeot 508. Later in the market, the C5 X was marketed as the Dongfeng Citroën Versailles C5 X in China, resurrecting the Versailles name first used in the Ford Versailles.[9]

Sales and production[edit]

Year Worldwide production Worldwide sales Notes
2000 99
2001 109,657
2002 145,731
2003 105,299
2004 89,437
2005 84,506
2006 65,640
2007 46,853
2008 71,187
2009 87,600[10]
2010 116,000[10]
2011 100,457[4] 101,213[4] Total production reaches 1,120,615 units.[4]
2012 72,500[11] 76,300[11] Total production reaches 1,193,100 units.[11]
2013 63,862
2014 51,936
2015 35,179
2016 14,506
2017 13,262
2018 5,221
2019 729
2020 25
2021 14,215

Notes[edit]

  1. ^

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.motor1.com/photos/555539/2017-citroen-c5-cn-spec/ - Issued on 14 August 2018
  2. ^ "April Launch Date for Citroen C5". www.honestjohn.co.uk. 24 January 2001. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  3. ^ a b Puddicombe, Daniel (19 May 2016). "Citroen drops C5 from UK range". Business Car. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e "PSA Annual Report 2012" (PDF). Car manufacturers. PSA. Retrieved 16 April 2013.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "'Citroën C5 Saloon (08 on)': Facts and figures". Bauer Automotive Limited. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
  6. ^ Citroën C5 axed in the UK
  7. ^ New Citroen C5 teased for China
  8. ^ Sergeev, Angel (19 January 2018). "Citroen Announces Plans For Big Sedan To Replace C5 And C6". Motor1.com.
  9. ^ Oliva, Jacob (21 March 2021). "All-New Citroen C5 Rugged Wagon To Debut On April 12". Motor1.com.
  10. ^ a b "Engine specs from PSA Peugeot Citroën" (PDF). Creator and designer. PSA Peugeot Citroën. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  11. ^ a b c "Memento Mars 2013" (in French). PSA Peugeot Citroën. 21 February 2013: 50. Retrieved 31 July 2013. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]