Citroën Prototype Y
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|Citroën Prototype Y|
The Citroën Prototype Y was a project to develop a replacement for the Citroën Ami, conducted by Citroën in the early seventies. It built on the Citroën G-mini and EN101 projects. It was superseded by project Citroën VD (VD standing for Voiture Diminuée).
From 1965 Robert Opron worked on the Citroën G-mini prototype and project EN101, a replacement for the 2CV, using the flat twin engine from the 2CV. It was supposed to launch in 1970. The advanced space efficient designs with very compact exterior dimensions and an aerodynamic drag co-efficient Cd of 0.32, were axed because of adverse feedback from potential clients.
The first prototypes were based on the Fiat 127 platform, since Citroën was pursuing at that time an alliance with Fiat (the only result of this alliance in the end was the Citroën C35 / Fiat 242). Later models employed a torsion bar suspension set up.
In 1974, Peugeot acquired Citroën, forming the PSA Group, and the project to replace the Ami was redefined as "Citroën VD", and then incorporated the floor pan of the Peugeot 104, thereby permitting the use of the 104 engine and transmission. The 5-door 104-based Citroën Visa thereby replaced the Prototype Y. There was also a badge-engineered Citroën version of the shorter wheelbase 3-door 104 with only minor changes from it — the Citroën LN/LNA.
The original design from Project Y was sold to Romania where it became the Oltcit Club, which has cosmetic similarities to the Visa, and was sold under the commercial name of Citroën Axel in some Western European markets.