The production lasted for a very long time, from the late 1930s to the early 1960s. One major customer was the French military, who ordered large quantities of Type 23s after the declaration of World War II. At the time of the German invasion, more than 12,000 Type 23 had been delivered in less than ten months. About 6000 Citroën U23 were pressed into German service after the French defeat of June 1940.
There has been two distinct body styles, since the U23 underwent a major restyling in the fifties. The Citroën U23 was replaced by the Citroën 350 to 850, also called Belphegor.