City Club of Cleveland

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City Club of Cleveland
Motto America's Citadel of Free Speech
Formation October 28, 1912
Founders Mayo Fesler and Augustus Hatton
Type Non-Profit
Purpose non-partisan debate forum
Headquarters 850 Euclid Avenue, 2nd floor, Cleveland, OH 44114
Region served
Cleveland, Ohio, (United States)
Chief Executive Officer
Dan Moulthrop
Website CityClub.org
President Barack Obama addresses the City Club, honoring a longstanding tradition of sitting U.S. Presidents started by Ronald Reagan.

The City Club of Cleveland was incorporated in 1912 as a non-partisan forum for debate conceived in the ideals of the Progressive Era. The club's home is the City Club Building, formerly the Citizens Building, in Downtown Cleveland. Known as "America's Citadel of Free Speech," it is the longest continuous independent free speech forum in the country.

The City Club is committed to informing, connecting and motivating citizens in the Cleveland and beyond.[1] Membership is open to anyone and all programs are open to the general public, although members are charged lower prices to attend most forums and given preference in making reservations to certain programs.[2]

Speakers[edit]

The City Club has hosted sitting U.S. Presidents and Vice-Presidents and other notable citizens of the United States and the world.[3] Archbishop Desmond Tutu called the club "a beacon, a symbol and a sentinel for freedom, for justice, for tolerance" when he spoke there.[4]

The first President to have appeared at the City Club was Theodore Roosevelt; every President since Jimmy Carter has appeared at its podium.[5] President George W. Bush spoke to the club on the third anniversary of the United States' invasion of Iraq. Because the City Club of Cleveland does not allow questions from the audience to be pre-screened, President Ronald Reagan declined to appear before the Club, but when questions were raised by the media about his mental acuity, Reagan sought out an appearance before the Club to refute those charges.[citation needed]

The day after Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in 1968, Senator Robert F. Kennedy gave his "On the Mindless Menace of Violence" speech at the club.[6]

In 1976, as part of the United States Bicentennial, the club held a forum in Britain, the club's first outside the United States.[7]

Debates before the Club have swayed Ohio elections. Before John Glenn defeated Howard Metzenbaum in the 1974 Democratic Senate primary, Glenn responded to a charge in an earlier debate that he never had to make a payroll:

During the 2010 Congressional elections, in which the Republicans regained control of the House of Representatives, John Boehner on August 24, 2010, announced a five-point plan at the club that he said would provide an effective economic alternative to the Democrats’ course.[9]

Sometimes politicians decline to appear at forums because it would provide exposure to their opponents in a political race. Congressman Dennis Kucinich, who complained vociferously about being excluded from debates among the Democratic candidates for President, has several times refused to debate his opponent for Congress in The City Club of Cleveland debates.[10]

The club has been criticized for bestowing its "Citadel of Free Speech" award upon Justice Antonin Scalia, who then refused to allow his speech to be broadcast. The Board of Trustees of the City Club defended its actions by noting that the press was welcome to attend the special presentation and report upon the event.[11] Other recipients of the Citadel of Free Speech award include John Glenn, Martin Luther King's aide and U.N. Ambassador Andrew Young, and CNN founder Ted Turner.[12]

Friday Forum[edit]

The City Club's Friday Forum is broadcast live on the radio in more than 40 states from Maine to Alaska. The broadcast is initiated live on WCPN in Cleveland, Ohio, with encore broadcasts on sister station WCLV. Most stations, including the Clear Channel station group in Cleveland, airs the Friday Forum as part of their Sunday morning public service requirements.[13] Television broadcasts of the City Club's Friday Forum also occur on WVIZ/PBS and on The Ohio Channel.[14]

Notable Guests[edit]

Creed of the City Club[edit]

In 1916, Ralph Hayes, then the Secretary of the City Club, penned its creed.

— I hail and harbor and hear persons of every belief and party; for within my portals prejudice grows less and bias dwindles.

— I have a forum – as wholly uncensored as it is rigidly impartial. “Freedom of Speech” is graven above my rostrum; and beside it, “Fairness of Speech."
— I am the product of the people, a cross section of their community—weak as they are weak, and strong in their strength; believing that knowledge of our failings and our powers begets a greater strength.
— I have a house of fellowship; under my roof informality reigns and strangers need no introduction.
— I welcome to my platform the discussion of any theory or dogma or reform; but I bind my household to the espousal of none of them, for I cherish the freedom of every person’s conviction and each of my kin retains his own responsibility.
— I have no axe to grind, no logs to roll. My abode shall be the rendezvous of strong but open-minded men and my watchword shall be “information” not “reformation.”
— I am accessible to people of all sides—literally and figuratively—for I am located in the heart of the city—spiritually and geographically.
— I am the city’s club—The City Club.[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Encyclopedia of Cleveland City Club of Cleveland". Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Membership - The City Club of Cleveland". cityclub.org. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  3. ^ "City Club of Cleveland History". Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  4. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CnP21_PInLI
  5. ^ Cho, Janet, Plain Dealer, July 22, 2005
  6. ^ Audio of the speech from the City Club
  7. ^ Segal, Grant, Plain Dealer, July 30, 2011, "Bob Cavano, led City Club, several other civic groups"
  8. ^ http://www.snopes.com/politics/quotes/glenn.asp
  9. ^ [Hulse, Carl, New York Times, August 24, 2010 "Boehner Urges Obama to Fire Economic Team" http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/25/us/politics/25boehner.html]
  10. ^ [Kotz, Pete, Scene, March 20, 2007 "Kucinich is a Hypocrite" http://www.clevescene.com/scene-and-heard/archives/2007/03/20/kucinich-is-a-hypocrite]
  11. ^ [Savage, David G., Los Angeles Times, March 20, 2003 "Some 'Mystified' by Award to Scalia for Free Speech" http://articles.latimes.com/2003/mar/20/nation/na-scalia20]
  12. ^ Spector, Harlan, Plain Dealer, May 19, 2012, "Cleveland's City Club honors media mogul Ted Turner with free speech award"
  13. ^ City Club of Cleveland website, About Us page
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ "Investing in Cleveland, Not the Caymans: How to Align the Tax Code to our Nation’s Interests". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  16. ^ President Discusses War on Terror and Operation Iraqi Freedom, White House Press Release, March 20, 2006 [2]
  17. ^ "Jimmy Carter". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  18. ^ Remarks to the Cleveland City Club - Bill Clinton speech - Transcript, Bnet Business Network [3]
  19. ^ "Between the World and Me". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  20. ^ "Ending Child Poverty Now". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  21. ^ Remarks of Senator Robert F. Kennedy to the Cleveland City Club, Cleveland, Ohio, April 5, 1968, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum [4]
  22. ^ "Senator John Kerry". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  23. ^ "Peter B. Lewis". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  24. ^ Akil Marshall speaks to youths about staying on the right track in school and life., Call and Post FRIDAY, 18 JANUARY 2013 [5]
  25. ^ "Otis Moss, Jr.". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  26. ^ Beres, Tom, WKYC-TV, Cleveland, October 26, 2008
  27. ^ "President Obama to Deliver Remarks to The City Club of Cleveland". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  28. ^ "Rosa L. Parks". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  29. ^ Reagan, Ronald, 'Ronald Reagan, the wisdom and humor of Great Communicator', 1995 Harper Collins [6]
  30. ^ BEWARE OF TAMMANY, WARNING TO SULZER; Speakers at City Club Dinner Advise Him to Appeal to the Larger Constituency., New York Times, December 20, 1912 [7]
  31. ^ "The World According to Stokes". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  32. ^ "Jim Thome with Tom Hamilton". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  33. ^ "Desmond Tutu". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  34. ^ "Remarks by Janet Yellen". The City Club of Cleveland. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  35. ^ "About - The City Club of Cleveland". cityclub.org. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 

External links[edit]