Government of Karachi

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The Government of Karachi is the administrative body for the city of Karachi, Pakistan. Presently the Government of Karachi refers to the Karachi Local Government system which consists mainly of the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation, headed by the Mayor and Deputy Mayor.

City District Government (CDGK) 2001-2010[edit]

In 2001, President Musharraf enacted a new system of Local Governance in Pakistan in the form of the Local Government Ordinance (LGO of 2001) which allowed a stronger local government in Karachi. The mayor of Karachi was empowered to make decisions regarding city management. In 2008, when Musharraf's party lost the general election, the new government abolished the Local Government Ordinance and the Government of Karachi on 14 February 2010.[1]

Location of the Mayor's Office[edit]

Since the Karachi Development Authority (KDA) was directly placed under the supervision of Mayor of Karachi, the Mayor's office was situated at the Civic Center within Karachi.

Power of the Mayor[edit]

Under the LGO of 2001, the Mayor of Karachi had control over city planning, the Karachi Water & Sewage Board (KW & SB), the Karachi Building Control Authority (KBCA), the KDA, the Karachi Revenue Department and the Karachi Land Registry. The funds for those organizations were also directly accessible to the mayor. The powers of the Mayor didn't include supervision over law Enforcement and the Mayor still had to get fundings from the President of Pakistan.

Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) 2013-Present[edit]

After a gap of six years, the Government of Karachi was finally restored by the Supreme Court of Pakistan when the Court ordered that provinces conduct new local government elections, resulting with a new Karachi Government being formed on 30 August 2016.

Karachi Local Government System[edit]

Karachi Metropolitan Corporation Building (KMC) completed in 1932 houses the city counsel hall for seating of general counsel meeting for 304 elected counselors and the offices of the Mayor and Deputy Mayor

The current Karachi Local Government System follows the Sindh Local Government Act of 2013 (SLGA 2013).

The Karachi Local Government system consists of the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation which is subdivided into of 6 District Municipal Corporations (DMCs) each headed by a Chairman and Deputy Chairman. The districts or Zila of the Karachi Local Government are, as of Sindh Local Government Act of 2013 are District Central, District West, District East, District South, Malir and Korangi. Each district is further divided into Union Committees (UCs) which are headed by a Chairman and Vice Chairman. Each Union Committee is further subdivided into four Wards. Citizens directly elect their UC Board and the 4 Ward members of each UC. Some seats in the Union Committees are reserved for women, non-Muslim minorities, and young citizens. All the members of the Union Committee directly elected a Chairman and Vice Chairman.

The Chairmen of all the Union Committees form the City Council (and oversee the KMC) and elect the Mayor and Deputy Mayor, while the Vice Chairmen of all the Union Committee elect the Chairman and Vice Chairman of the District Municipal Corporation (DMC) and works in District Municipal Corporation Office.

Elections[edit]

The local elections for the Karachi City Government were held on 5 December 2015.

Office of the Mayor[edit]

According to the new local government system (SLGA 2013), the KDA was removed from KMC and is now controlled by the provincial government. Since then, the office of the mayor is located in the KMC building.

Power of the Mayor[edit]

According to the SLGA 2013, the powers of the mayor have been greatly reduced. The KDA, KW&SB, KBCA (renamed to SBCA), the Karachi Revenue Department, the Karachi Land Registry, KMTA, the Karachi Department of Transportation (now SMTA), and the KSWMA (now SSWMA) were removed from KMC and merged into the KDA. The KDA itself was divided into the Malir and Lyari Development Authority. The Mayor now has to ask the Sindh Government for the funds, and has to form a joint account with the Commissioner of Karachi, whose approval is required for any funds to be used.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] The Commissioner of Karachi has a substantial role in the current Government of Karachi as opposed to the former City District Government of Karachi (CDGK), where the role of commissioner was made honorary.

Independent observer organisations like PILDAT and FAFEN argue that not granting adequate powers to the mayor is in direct violation of Article 140(A) of the Pakistani Constitution.

The City Hall[edit]

The historic and iconic Karachi Metropolitan Corporation Building houses the mayor's and deputy mayor's office as well as the City Council (which has 304 members, all of whom are Union Committee Chairmans). The foundation of the building was laid in 1927 and the construction was completed in 1930. The cost of building was 1,725,000 RS.[citation needed]

City Council Meetings[edit]

After six years, the Karachi City Council held its first meeting on 3 October 2016.[10] The meeting was presided by the Deputy Mayor of Karachi, Arshad Vohra, as the incarcerated Mayor of Karachi ,Waseem Akhtar, was forbidden to appear for the meeting despite the Anti-Terrorist Court (ATC) issued a NOC (No Objection Certificate). 308 members of the Karachi City Council participated in the meeting. During the first meeting, the Council urged relevant authorities to allow the Mayor to preside over the next meetings .[11]

Due to increased number of members and unavailability of space, the City Council passed a resolution for new City Council Building to be built in order to accommodate the required members on 3 October 2016.[citation needed]

Changes in Local Government System[edit]

Karachi City Municipal Act (1933 - 1976)[edit]

The City of Karachi Municipal Act was promulgated in 1933. Initially the Municipal Corporation consisted of the Mayor, the Deputy Mayor and 57 Councillors.[citation needed]

Sindh People's Ordinance (SPO 1972)[edit]

In the Sindh People's Ordinance of 1972 (amended in 1976), the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) was officially established.[12][13] In 1976, the Karachi Municipal Corporation was upgraded to the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation. The administrative area of Karachi was a second-level subdivision known as the Karachi Division, which was subdivided into five districts: Karachi Central, Karachi East, Karachi South, Karachi West, and Malir.

Unlike its latest and amended version in the form of 'Sindh Local Government Act 2013', the 1972 Ordinance empowered the Mayor of the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation, allowing the Mayor to have oversight in many areas such as city planning, development, etc.

In 1992, after the mayoral tenure of Farooq Sattar, the elected mayor system was abolished and the appointed Administrator System was implemented from 1992 to 2001.[citation needed]

Sindh Local Government Ordinance 1979[edit]

This act was passed by the military dictator General Zia ul Haq who restricted the role of the Mayor.[14]

Sindh Local Government Ordinance (SLGO 2001)[edit]

City District Government Karachi logo

In January 2000, under Pervez Musharraf, the Sindh Local Government Ordinance (SLGO 2001)[15] was passed.

The Ordinance designed a new devolution of financial resources and responsibilities back to the City of Karachi. This plan abolished the earlier second-level division and merged the five districts of Karachi into a Karachi District. When the devolution plan was implemented in 2001, this district officially became a City District, with the City District Government of Karachi (CDG) overseeing the administration of the area.

The City District of Karachi was divided into 18 Towns, each governed by elected municipal administrations responsible for infrastructure and spatial planning, development facilitation, and municipal services (water, sanitation, solid waste, repairing roads, parks, street lights, and traffic engineering).[citation needed]

The towns were sub-divided into 178 localities governed by elected Union Councils (UC's), which were the core element of the local government system. Each UC was a body of thirteen directly elected members including a Nazim (mayor) and a Naib Nazim (deputy mayor). The UC Nazim headed the Union Administration and was responsible for working with the CDG to plan and execute municipal services, as well as for informing higher authorities about public concerns and complaints.[16]

Sindh People's Local Government Ordinance (SPLGO 2012)[edit]

The Sindh People's Local Government Ordinance (SPLGO 2012), passed by Sindh Assembly, proposed the creation of five districts with the City of Karachi: Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Larkana, and Mirpurkhas.[17]. The Ordinance was promising and empowered to the Mayor and Deputy Mayor, but it was discarded by the Assembly on 21 February 2013.[18][19][20]

Sindh Local Government Act (SPLGA 2013)[edit]

The Sindh Local Government Act of 2013 (SLGA 2013)[21] further carved the city into 6 districts, with two new districts (Korangi and Malir) being formed. The Sindh Local Government Act also proposed the formation of a 7th district called the 'District Council' which comprises the rural areas within Karachi that didn't come under the purview of the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation. The important departments within the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) such as KW&SB (Water Board), KDA, KBCA (Karachi Building Control Authority, Solid Waste Management, etc. were removed from KMC and merged with the Sindh Provincial Government.[22] Under the new Act, the powers of the Mayor were greatly reduced.

In 2014, the Supreme Court ordered the provinces to restore the Local Government system. In response, the Sindh Provincial Government finally agreed to conduct Local Government elections on December 15, 2015.[citation needed]

Officials[edit]

# DMC Office Name Party Address Website
1 Karachi Mayor Waseem Akhtar MQM M.A Jinnah Road, Saddar, Karachi KMC
2 Deputy Mayor Arshad Vohra
3 East Chairman Moeed Anwar Block 14, Scheme 24, Near Civic Center, Gulshan-e-Iqbal Karachi DMC East
4 Vice Chairman Abdul Rauf Khan
5 West Chairman Izhar Ahmed
6 Vice Chairman Azizullah Afridi PTI
7 Central Chairman Rehan Hashmi MQM DMC Central
8 Vice Chairman Syed Shakir Ali
9 Korangi Chairman Nayyar Raza DMC Korangi
10 Vice Chairman Rukunuddin
11 Malir Chairman Jan Mohammad Baloch PPP
12 Vice Chairman Abdul Khaliq Murwat
13 South Chairman Malik Muhammad Fayyaz DMC South
14 Vice Chairman Mansoor Shaikh PTI

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tug of War". The Friday Times. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Local zeroes". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2016-10-08. 
  3. ^ "Dailytimes | Sindh government annuls Disaster Management Dept". dailytimes.com.pk. Retrieved 2016-10-08. 
  4. ^ "KDA revival robs KMC of the little powers it had - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2016-10-08. 
  5. ^ "City's governance agenda: ‘Urban planning falls under local govt - not in Karachi’ - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2016-09-05. Retrieved 2016-10-08. 
  6. ^ "Dailytimes | KMC demands funds from Sindh government to clean city". dailytimes.com.pk. Retrieved 2016-10-08. 
  7. ^ "KMC left with no fuel to run fire brigades, ambulances - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2016-10-01. Retrieved 2016-10-08. 
  8. ^ "Dailytimes | KMC’s transport department becomes inactive". dailytimes.com.pk. Retrieved 2016-10-08. 
  9. ^ "Deputy mayor, municipal commissioner to jointly run city". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2016-10-08. 
  10. ^ "‘Mayor not a convict, should be allowed to attend sessions’". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2016-10-04. 
  11. ^ Recorder, Business. "KMC Council for allowing Waseem to attend session | Business Recorder". Business Recorder. Retrieved 2016-10-04. 
  12. ^ Sivaramakrishnan, K. C.; Green, Leslie; D.C.), Economic Development Institute (Washington (1986-12-04). Metropolitan management: the Asian experience. Published for the Economic Development Institute of the World Bank [by] Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195205084. 
  13. ^ "Sindh People's Local Government Ordinance (SPO) 1972" (PDF). 
  14. ^ "UNDP report on SLGA 2013" (PDF). 
  15. ^ "Sindh Local Government Ordinance 2001(SLGO 2001) - Government of Sindh" (PDF). 
  16. ^ "Breif History of Karachi!!". Retrieved 2016-09-14. 
  17. ^ "Sindh People's Local Government Ordinance 2012" (PDF). 
  18. ^ "Sindh Assembly restores Local Government Act of 1979". www.geo.tv. Retrieved 2016-09-21. 
  19. ^ Dawn.com (2013-02-22). "Khuhro signs Sindh Local Govt Ordinance 1979". Retrieved 2016-09-21. 
  20. ^ Dawn.com (2013-02-21). "Commissionerate system restored in Sindh; MQM stages PA walkout". Retrieved 2016-09-21. 
  21. ^ "Sindh Local Government Act (SLGA) 2013 - Government of Sindh" (PDF). 
  22. ^ Azfar-ul-Ashfaque (2015-12-10). "Sindh govt takes away key municipal function from local bodies". Retrieved 2016-09-18.