City Hall, Penang

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City Hall
Penang City Hall.jpg
City Hall, Penang is located in central George Town, Penang
City Hall, Penang
Location in George Town's UNESCO World Heritage Site (purple)
Former names Municipal Offices
General information
Type City hall
Architectural style Edwardian Baroque and Palladian
Address Esplanade Road,
10200 George Town,
Penang, Malaysia
Town or city George Town, Penang
Country Malaysia
Coordinates 5°25′19″N 100°20′30″E / 5.421968°N 100.341555°E / 5.421968; 100.341555Coordinates: 5°25′19″N 100°20′30″E / 5.421968°N 100.341555°E / 5.421968; 100.341555
Current tenants Penang Island City Council
Completed 1903; 114 years ago (1903)
Cost $35,000
Owner Penang Island City Council
Technical details
Floor count 2
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, iv
Designated 2008 (32nd session)
Reference no. 1223
Region Asia-Pacific

The City Hall is the local government headquarters in the city of George Town in Penang, Malaysia. Built by the British, it now serves as the seat of the Penang Island City Council and was previously the seat of the George Town City Council.

Originally completed in 1903 as the Municipal Offices, the building was erected at a cost of $100,000 to relieve the demand for office space at the adjacent Town Hall.[1][2] The name City Hall dates back to the grant of city status to George Town in 1957.

Both the City Hall and the Town Hall are located at Esplanade Road, overlooking the historic parade ground (the Padang) within the Esplanade. The buildings are also situated within George Town's UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Town Hall (left) and the City Hall (right) along Esplanade Road, overlooking the Esplanade's Padang.
The City Hall and the Esplanade in the 1910s

Architecture[edit]

Completed in 1903, the two-storey building combines Edwardian Baroque and Palladian architectural styles. It has been listed as a national monument since 1982 under the Antiquities Act 1976.[3]

The building was last renovated between 2004 and 2005. Although the City Hall retains much of its original form, the original arcades or loggias on the ground floor have been enclosed with windows.

The City Hall is steeped in Edwardian Baroque and Palladian architecture.

History[edit]

The history of George Town's municipal accommodations began in 1873, when a proposal to construct the Town Hall was first mooted.[4] The construction of the Town Hall commenced in 1879 and was inaugurated in the following year, making it George Town's first municipal building.[2][5][6][7]

The Town Hall housed the local government for George Town, the Municipal Commission of George Town and served as a venue for social events for the European elite.[1][2] However, the Municipal Commission soon deemed the office space within the Town Hall to be insufficient. Hence, plans were drawn up for the construction of another municipal building right next door.

Tenders were called for the construction of the Municipal Offices in 1900.[2] Lee Ah Chang, a local ethnic Chinese, won the contract with a bid amounting to $75,400 (Straits dollar). The Municipal Offices was built in the Edwardian Baroque and Palladian styles, which were popular at the time.[1]

By the time the Municipal Offices was completed in 1903, its construction cost had ballooned to $100,000 (Straits dollar).[2] The Municipal Commission of George Town decided to covertly relocate from the Town Hall into the adjacent Municipal Offices, and that no inauguration ceremony was to be held. Since the completion of the Municipal Offices, the Town Hall took on a more social function.

The Municipal Offices held the distinction of being one of the first buildings in Penang to be completely fitted with electric lights and fans.[1]

The Municipal Offices was renamed the City Hall in 1957, when George Town was declared a city by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. Thus, the City Hall served as the seat of the George Town City Council until its eventual merger with the Penang Island Rural District Council to form the Penang Island Municipal Council in 1976. Even after this 1976 consolidation of Penang Island's two local councils, Penangites still referred to the building as the City Hall.

Today, the City Hall serves as the headquarters of the Penang Island City Council.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Howard Tan, Keith Hockton (2012). Penang: An Inside Guide to Its Historic Homes, Buildings, Monuments and Parks. Petaling Jaya: Malayan Publishing House. ISBN 967-415-303-9. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Langdon, Marcus (2014). A Guide to George Town's Historic Commercial and Civic Precincts. George Town: George Town World Heritage incorporated. 
  3. ^ Dewi, K. Kasturi. "Preserving City Hall's colonial charm - Community | The Star Online". Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  4. ^ "LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL. 23rd February, 1876." The Straits Times [Singapore] 26 February 1876: 2. Print.
  5. ^ The Straits Times [Singapore] 31 July 1880: 6. Print.
  6. ^ "From the Daily Times,17th August. (From our own Correspondent.) Penang, 12th August 1880." The Straits Times [Singapore] 21 August 1880: 2. Print
  7. ^ The Straits Times [Singapore] 21 August 1880: 5. Print.

External links[edit]