City Road tube station

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City Road
City-road-former-tube-stn.jpg
The station remains in 2004
City Road is located in Central London
City Road
City Road
Location of City Road in Central London
LocationCity Road
Local authorityIslington
OwnerCity & South London Railway
Number of platforms2
Key dates
17 November 1901 (1901-11-17)Opened
8 August 1922 (1922-08-08)Closed
Other information
WGS84Coordinates: 51°31′47″N 0°05′51″W / 51.52972°N 0.09750°W / 51.52972; -0.09750
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

City Road is a disused London Underground station in EC1 Islington, central London . It was opened in 1901 as part of the City & South London Railway's extension from Moorgate Street to Angel. City Road was situated between Old Street and Angel. The railway is now part of the Northern line.

The station was closed in 1922 due to low passenger usage. It remained derelict until demolition in the 1960s which left only the structure around the original lift shaft, at street level, at City Road's junction with Central Street and Moreland Street, while the underground tunnels remain at track level.

History[edit]

City Road station on a 1916 map

From the start, City Road station was little used, and discussions of its closure were held as early as 1908: less than seven years after it was opened.[1] The station was close to both Old Street and Angel, and was in a deprived area of Islington. However, City Road remained until 8 August 1922 when the City & South London Railway's northern section between Euston and Moorgate Street was closed to enable the diameter of the tunnels to be increased from 3.2 m (10 ft 6 in) to the Underground's standard diameter of 3.56 m (11 ft 8¼ in), so that larger and longer Standard Stock trains could be operated.

Low passenger usage meant that the required expansion of the platform tunnels and upgrading of the station could not be justified on financial grounds, and City Road remained closed when the line was reopened on 20 April 1924. The platforms were removed and the lift shaft was converted for use as a ventilation shaft. City Road was the only twin tunnel station on the line not to be reconstructed. During the Second World War the station was converted for use as an air-raid shelter.[1]

The rear entrance to the remains of City Road tube station

The station building remained until the 1960s, when all but the structure immediately around the original lift shaft was demolished.[1] At track level the temporary structures for the air-raid shelter were removed after the war and the site of the platforms can be seen from passing trains.[1]

In 2015, planning permission was granted to demolish the remaining structure as part of a district heating scheme for the nearby council estate which would use heat from the tunnels.[2]

Accidents[edit]

On 26 August 1916 a passenger was killed when a guard signalled for a train to depart before all of the passengers had alighted.[1][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Connor, J. E. (2001) [1999]. "City Road". London's Disused Underground Stations (2nd ed.). Capital Transport. pp. 20–21. ISBN 1-85414-250-X.
  2. ^ "Bunhill 2 Energy Centre". Cullinan Studio. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  3. ^ Nick Catford (2008). "Site Name: City Road Station". subbrit.org.uk. Subterranea Britannica. Retrieved 14 July 2017.

External links[edit]

  Former Route  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Euston
Northern line
(1901-22)