City Thameslink railway station
Southern entrance on Ludgate Hill
|Location||Holborn Viaduct / Ludgate Hill|
|Local authority||City of London|
|Number of platforms||2|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|1990||Opened as St. Paul's Thameslink|
|1991||Renamed City Thameslink|
|Lists of stations|
| London transport portal|
UK Railways portal
City Thameslink is a central London railway station within the City of London, with entrances on Ludgate Hill and Holborn Viaduct. It is on the Thameslink route, situated between Blackfriars to the south and Farringdon to the north. Along with St Pancras, these make up the four core stations of the Thameslink route.
The station opened in 1990 as a replacement for Holborn Viaduct railway station. It was designed as part of the Thameslink project that re-opened the Snow Hill Tunnel and provided a continuous north-south service across London. It was originally named St. Paul's Thameslink, but to avoid confusion with the nearby St. Paul's tube station on the Central line, it was renamed City Thameslink the following year. The station was refurbished in 2010–11 as part of a Thameslink programme to increase capacity, and a major timetable upgrade occurred in 2018.
Name and location
The station is in the City of London. It has two entrances on Ludgate Hill and Holborn Viaduct respectively, both of which provide access to the two platforms. It is one of the few stations in Central London that does not have a direct access to any London Underground station. Nearby tube stations include Chancery Lane, St Pauls and Blackfriars. A planned tube station in the immediate area, Ludgate Circus tube station, was never built.
Although it is a through station, for ticketing purposes it is classed as a London terminus for Thameslink services to and from the south. It is in Travelcard Zone 1, and considered one of the core stations for the Thameslink route along with St Pancras, Farringdon and Blackfriars.
London Buses routes 4; 11; 15; 17; 23; 26; 76; 172 and heritage route 15H and night routes N11, N15, N21, N26, N76 and N199 serve the Ludgate Hill entrance to the station and routes 8; 25; 242; 521 and night route N8 serve the Holborn Viaduct entrance.
There are claims that the station is idiosyncratically named.
The Thameslink line opened in 1988, when the Snow Hill tunnel, closed to passengers since 1916, was re-opened to provide a route through to Farringdon and King's Cross from South London. Initially, trains using the approach viaduct for the now-closed Holborn Viaduct station. The new service was an immediate financial success, and so it was decided to redevelop the Holborn Viaduct site with a new station and business complex. The work was part-financed by the London property developer Rosehaugh Stanhope.
In preparation for Holborn Viaduct's closure, a new line between Blackfriars and the tunnel was constructed, this time on a different alignment slightly to the east and at a lower elevation, providing 600,000 square feet (56,000 m2) of office space to be constructed above the station on a 4-acre (1.6 ha) site. City Thameslink was built as a replacement for the Holborn Viaduct station. The total work was estimated at between £360 and £450 million. Due to a proposed routing for the second phase of the Jubilee line through the area, part of the station was built to allow for a future interchange.
The station was opened by British Rail on 29 May 1990 as St. Paul's Thameslink, and was renamed to City Thameslink on 30 September 1991 to avoid confusion with the St. Paul's Central line station on the London Underground, which is several hundred yards to the east, to the north of St Paul's Cathedral. It was the first station built in Central London in almost 100 years. The building was designed by SAS International, who designed the original walls and panelling.
In conjunction with the new station, the area around the old Holborn Viaduct and Ludgate Hill stations was redeveloped, including the removal of an old bridge across Ludgate Hill itself. In 1992, following the demolition, an additional service tunnel was built connecting City Thameslink to Farringdon.
When the Thameslink franchise was awarded to First Capital Connect in 2006, the Thameslink service was initially re-branded, however, City Thameslink was not renamed. By late 2010, FCC reverted to the Thameslink name.
As part of the Thameslink Programme, an upgrade of City Thameslink station was completed in 2010. The upgrade was considered important owing to the closure of Blackfriars later in the year, which would lead to increased footfall. The platforms were made ready for future 12-carriage trains, and the passenger information system improved. New lighting, ticket gates and CCTV cameras were installed, and the service announcement system was upgraded to provide more accurate train times. SAS retrofitted the station interior, as they had done for the original 1990 construction. This included new enamel wall panels that fitted the original design specification.
The new Thameslink timetable was introduced in May 2018, the current off peak service is as follows:
- 4 tph to Brighton via Gatwick Airport (Thameslink)
- 2 tph to Horsham via Gatwick Airport (Thameslink)
- 2 tph to Gatwick Airport via Redhill (Thameslink)
- 2 tph to Rainham via Greenwich, Charlton, Abbey Wood, Dartford, Gravesend and Gillingham (Thameslink)
- 2 tph to Orpington
- 4 tph to Sutton, 2 tph via Wimbledon and 2 tph via Mitcham Junction.
- 4 tph to Bedford via St Pancras International, St Albans City, Luton Airport and Luton Town. (operated by Thameslink)
- 2 tph to Luton Town via St Pancras International, St Albans City and Luton Airport
- 4 tph to St Albans City via St Pancras International
- 2 tph to Kentish Town via St Pancras International
- 2 tph to Cambridge via St Pancras International, Stevenage and Hitchin (Thameslink)
- 2 tph to Peterborough via St Pancras International, Stevenage and Hitchin (Thameslink)
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
In a 2014 report, London TravelWatch suggested that an underground passageway linking City Thameslink to St Pauls tube station to provide an interchange between the Central line and National Rail services on the Thameslink route would benefit passengers travelling from the Central Line catchment to Gatwick and Luton Airports.
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- Clayton 2000, p. 75.
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- Update on the Thameslink programme. National Audit Office (Report). Department of Transport. 23 November 2017.
- Sutton, Philip (8–21 February 1990). "Goodbye Holborn Viaduct – Hello St. Paul's Thameslink". RAIL. No. 115. EMAP National Publications. pp. 6–7. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699.
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