City and Suburban Handicap

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City and Suburban Handicap
Class 2 race
Location Epsom Downs
Epsom, England
Inaugurated 1851
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Sponsor Investec
Race information
Distance 1 mile 2 furlongs 17 yards (2,027 m)
Surface Turf
Track Left-handed
Qualification Four-years-old and up
Weight Handicap
Purse £50,000 (2018)
1st: £31,125
The finish of the 1915 running won by Black Jester
City And Suburban Handicap
2018
Yellow, large black spots and spots on cap Purple, light blue chevron, light blue cap Emerald green, red hoops, quartered cap
Ajman King Dash Of Spice Another Touch

The City and Suburban Handicap is a flat handicap horse race in Great Britain open to horses aged four years or older. It is run over a distance of 1 mile 2 furlongs and 17 yards (2,027 metres) at Epsom in April during the Epsom Spring meeting. Inaugurated in 1851 it originally attracted top-class racehorses in the 19th and early 20th century, but today its importance has been eclipsed by larger stakes races with more valuable purses.

History[edit]

The City and Suburban Handicap and its companion race, the Great Metropolitan Handicap, were devised by London hosteler Samuel Powell Beeton who owned The Dolphin in Cheapside. The establishment was well known for gambling and was dubbed "the Tattersalls of the east end" by the racing public.[1] In 1846 Beeton and a collection of other tavern owners (known collectively as the "Licensed Victuallers of London") raised £300 to establish a purse for the first running of the Great Metropolitan Handicap. The race was popular with the city betting houses and by 1851 Beeton had raised additional money by drafting subscriptions from both city and suburban gambling houses to establish a second race on Epsom Downs, the City and Suburban.[1]

The inaugural race was run on 4 April 1851 where it was open to three-year-old and older horses of either sex that had won a stakes race worth at least 200 sovereigns in their career. The winner was required to pay £10 out of the purse to the Licensed Victuallers' Protection Society,[2] a fund and charity for retired British pub owners. The first running was held on the New Derby course at a mile and a quarter and was close match between Lord Eglinton's 5-year-old horse Elthiron sired by Pantaloon and Mr. Carew's mare Eva, Elthiron winning by a head in two minutes and 25 seconds.[2] Hostelers contributed to the winnings purse until 1853 when the Betting Houses Act outlawed gambling in taverns and public houses.[1]

The Handicap attracted some top-class racehorses in the late 19th and first half of the 20th century. Several British Classic race winners such as Virago, (1,000 Guineas), Reve d'Or (Oaks), Sefton (Derby), Bend Or (Derby), Robert the Devil (St. Leger) and Black Jester (St. Leger) won the race. The American-bred gelding Parole also won the City and Suburban and the Great Metropolitan Handicaps on consecutive days in 1879.[3] The caliber of entries has declined in recent years[4] and the City and Suburban is currently not a graded stakes race.[5]

In 1916 during World War I, turf activities at Epsom were curtailed and many of the spring races were run elsewhere. The equivalent of the City and Suburban, dubbed the "Suburban" Handicap was run at Lingfield Park in June and was won by Lord Carnarvon's colt Julian.[6] The race was not held in 1917 and 1918 due to the war and was canceled in 1921 due to concerns over petrol and coal availability.[7] At the onset of World War II, the racing meetings at Epsom Downs were suspended in 1940[8] and did not resume until the summer of 1946. The City and Suburban was reinstated at Epsom on 5 August 1946 to allow time for the course to be refurbished after the long hiatus.[9]

Winners[edit]

The race has been won by several mares including the Oaks winner Reve d'Or. The first mare to win the City and Suburban was Butterfly in 1852 and the last was Starlet in 1990. The race was open to three-year-old horses in its early years, with the last three-year-old winner under the race's formal title being Mushroom (1911) and the last under provisional title, the "Suburban" Handicap, being Julian (1916).[6][10]

Records[edit]

Leading jockey (6 wins):

  • Morny Cannon: Reve d'Or (1890), Nunthorpe (1891), Reminder (1895), Worcester (1896), Newhaven II (1899), The Grafter (1900)
  • 5 wins: Fred Archer: Thunder (1876), Julius Caesar (1878), Parole (1879), Master Kildare (1880), Bend Or (1881)[11][10]

1851–1911[edit]

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Owner
Time
Ref
1851 Elthiron 5 Marlow Lord Eglinton 2:25 [2]
1852 Butterfly 3 Kendall Mr. Henry 2:16 [12]
1853 Ethelbert 3 Wells Mr. Oliver 2:20 (dh) [13][14]
1854 Virago 3 Wells Mr. Howard 2:15 [15]
1855 Ireland's Eye 5 Wells H. Hill [10]
1856 Hospitality 3 Bullock Mr. Ridley [10]
1857 Adamas 3 Fordham Mr. Mellish [10]
1858 Madame de Chantilly 4 Spreoty Count Lagrange [10]
1859 Glenbuck 3 J. Adams Captain Grey [16]
1860 Comforter 4 Henry Custance Sir H. des Vceux [10]
1861 Cantine 5 L. Snowden Lord Ailesbury [17]
1862 Sawcutter 4 Tom Chaloner Mr. R. C. Naylor [10]
1863 Adventurer 4 Noble Mr. J. Gilby [18]
1864 Merry Hart 4 Morgan Lord Westmoreland [19]
1865 Argonaut 6 Wells Joseph Hawley [10]
1866 Delight 3 Kenyon C.H. Carew [20]
1867 Abergeldie 4 Huxtable Mr. F. Swindell [21]
1868 Speculum 3 Cameron Duke of Newcastle [10]
1869 Alpenstock 3 Jeffrey Mr. Bevill [22]
1870 Sabinus 3 Rowell William Graham [10]
1871 Jack Spigot 3 Crickmere J. Parry [10]
1872 Digby Grand 4 F. Webb Mr. Keswick [10]
1873 Mornington 5 Mordan Mr. Brayley 2:14 [10][23]
1874 Aldrich 3 Morbey Lord Rosebery [10]
1875 Dalham 4 Mills Mr. T. Smith [10]
1876 Thunder 6 Fred Archer Mr. H.F.C. Vyner [10]
1877 Julius Caesar 4 Fred Archer Mr. T. Gee [10]
1878 Sefton 3 Gallon Mr. W. S. Crawford [10]
1879 Parole 6 Fred Archer Pierre Lorillard [10]
1880 Master Kildare 5 Fred Archer Lord Hastings [10]
1881 Bend Or 4 Fred Archer 1st Duke of Westminster 2:07 [10][24]
1882 Passaic 4 Weston Lord Rossmore [10]
1883 Roysterer 5 Gallon Lord Rosebery [10]
1884 Quicklime 5 Tomlinson Lord Bradford [10]
1885 Bird of Freedom 3 F. Barrett Mr. Tidy [10]
1886 Royal Hampton 4 Charles Wood Mr. Childwick [10]
1887 Merry Duchess 5 Sam Loates T.L. Wardle 2:11.2 [10][25]
1888 Fullerton 5 J. Woodburn Sir G. Chetwynd [10]
1889 Goldseeker 4 Tom Cannon, Jr. Mr. Leybourne [10]
1890 Reve d'Or 6 Morny Cannon Duke of Beaufort [10]
1891 Nunthorpe 5 Morny Cannon Colonel North 2:20 [10][26]
1892 Buccaneer 4 George Barrett Lord Rosslyn [10]
1893 King Charles 4 Gough Mr. Taylor King [10]
1894 Grey Leg 3 Bradford Duke of Westmoreland 2:13.2 [10]
1895 Reminder 4 Morny Cannon Tom Cannon, Sr. [10]
1896 Worcester 6 Morny Cannon Barney Barnato [10]
1897 Balsamo 4 Otto Madden Duke of Devonshire [10]
1898 Bay Ronald 5 W. Bradford Mr. L. Brassey [10]
1899 Newhaven II 6 Morny Cannon Mr. W. Cooper 2:18 [10][27]
1900 The Grafter 7 Morny Cannon Mr. J. Clarke 2:11.6 [10][28]
1901 Australian Star 5 W. Halsey Mr. S. Gollan [10]
1902 First Principal 5 W. Bray Mr. Stedall [10]
1903 Brambilla 3 Thompson M Ephrussi [10]
1904 Robert the Devil 5 W. Lane Lord Carnarvon [10]
1905 Pharisee 6 Danny Maher Sir J. Miller [10]
1906 Dean Swift 5 H. Randell J.B. Joel [10]
1907 Velocity 5 Herbert Jones Mrs. H.V. Jackson [10]
1908 Dean Swift 7 Randall J.B. Joel [10]
1909 White Eagle 4 W. Saxby Mr. W. Hall Walker [10]
1910 Bachelor's Double 4 C. Trigg J. Lowry [10]
1911 Mushroom 3 W. Huxley Mr. T. Barling [10]

1912–1987[edit]

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Time
Ref
1912 Chili II 4 W. Huxley P. Hartigan Mr. R. Mills 2:06.8 [10][29]
1913 Drinmore 5 F. Cheshire P. Hartigan Mr. G. Edwarde 2:09.2 [10][30]
1914 Maiden Erlegh 5 W. Griggs C. Peck Mr. Sol Joel 2:04 [31][32]
1915 Black Jester 4 W. Huxley Charles Morton Jack Joel 2:06.8 [33][34]
1916 Julian* 3 Vic. Smyth Richard Dawson Lord Carnarvon 2:07.4 [6][35]
1917 no race
1918 no race
1919 Royal Banks 6 Steve Donoghue Robert Sievier Lady Queensbury 2:16.4 [36]
1920 Corn Sack 4 A. Balding Gilpin Sir Ernest Paget [37]
1921 no race*
1922 Paragon 5 Archibald Gilpin Sir Ernest Paget [38]
1923 Dry Toast 4 J. Townsend Ernest Piggott B.B. Davidson [39][40]
1924 Ulula 7 W.H. McLachlan Bartholomew, Jr. Lady Torrington [41]
1925 Greek Bachelor 5 J. Sirett Stanley Wootton Stanley Wootton [42]
1926 Warden of the Marches 4 Steve Donoughue Fred Darling Lord Lyonsdale [43]
1927 Embargo 5 Steve Donoughue F. Scott Maharaja of Rajpipla [44][45]
1928 Priory Park 6 Brownie Carslake C. Peck Jack Joel [46][47]
1929 Parwiz 4 Michael Beary Richard Dawson The Aga Khan [48]
1930 Lucky Tor 5 Gordon Richards Lawson W.M.G. Singer [49][50]
1931 Anthurium 4 Lynch Pratt James A. de Rothschild [51]
1932 Clogheen 4 C. Richards Gilbert Mrs. C. Jones [52]
1933 Great Scot 7 Collins Fergusson Chester Beatty [53]
1934 Light Sussex 4 Harry Wragg Elsey Major C. Behrens [54]
1935 Montrose 5 Gordon Richards Fred Darling Lord Woolavington [55]
1936 His Reverence 5 T. Burns Wellesley G.F. Annesley and J. Wellesley [56]
1937 William of Valence 5 Packham H. Smyth Mr. A Sainsbury
1938 Pigskin 6 C. Richards Lawson Mrs. Chester Beatty [57]
1939 Bistolfi 4 Harry Wragg Captain Bell Mrs. Lionel Corbett [58]
1940–1945 no race
1946 Hobo* 4 Eph Smith Jack Jarvis Lord Rosebery [9]
1947 Banco 4 T. Burn W. Smyth Duchess of Norfolk [59]
1948 Fast Soap 5 Eph Smith Gordon Johnson-Houghton A.A. Jarvis [60]
1949 Impeccable 5 Gordon Richards J.B. Powell Mr. R. McIlhagga [61]
1950 Iron Duke 4 Edgar Britt Marcus Marsh Mr. Gibson [62]
1951 Burnt Brown 5 W.T. Evans N.C. Scoble Mrs. S. Jacobson [63]
1952 Sunny Brae 4 E. Fordyee D. Smith Mrs. J.A. de Rothschild 2:19.6 [64]
1953 Damremont 6 Jimmy Lindley T.R. Rimell T.H. Degg 2:09.8 [65]
1954 Sunny Brae 6 W. Elliot D. Smith Mrs. J.A. de Rothschild 2:08.2 [66]
1955 Coronation Year 4 Doug Smith A. Thomas A.J. Thomas 2:07.2 [67]
1956 Great Pacha 6 Doug Smith trained in Ireland The Maharani of Baroda 2:08.2 [68]
1957 Coronation Year 6 Doug Smith A. Thomas A.J. Thomas 2:08 [69]
1958 Setting Star 6 S. Clayton Dick Hern Major L.B. Holliday 2:10 [70]
1959 Guersillus 4 Edward Hide Charles Elsey Phil Bull 2:12 [71]
1960 Firestreak 4 Lester Piggott Peter Nelson Mr. John Lewis 2:07.4 [72]
1961 Nerograph 5 T. Carter G. Todd T.F.C. Frost 2:08 [73]
1962 Eastern Nip 4 Bruce Raymond W. Stephenson Major L. Gardener 2:10 [74]
1963 Tahiri 4 S. Clayton Towser Gosden Sir Harold Wernher 2:10.2 [75]
1964 The Bo'Sun 4 S. Smith Jack Jarvis Lord Rosebery 2:21.5 [76]
1965 Minor Portion 4 Jimmy Lindley Jeremy Tree Sir P. Dunn [11]
1966 no race
1967 Hotroy 6 Duncan Keith Walter Nightingall Mr A. Kennedy [11]
1968 My Swanee 5 Lester Piggott Bill Marshall Mrs L. Napier [11]
1969 Karabas 4 Lester Piggott Bernard van Cutsem Lord Iveagh [77]
1970 Granados 4 Frankie Durr Geoffrey Barling Mr. E. Benjamin 2:13.5 [78]
1971 Tandy 5 Lester Piggott Brian Swift Mr B. Shine [11]
1972 Owen Anthony 8 T. McKeown Douglas Smith Mr A. Samuel [11]
1973 Buss 4 Geoff Lewis Arthur Budgett Mr L. van Moppes [11]
1974 Belper 5 Wille Carson John Dunlop Lady Manton [11]
1975 Swell Fellow 4 Tony Kimberley Jeremy Hindley Lord J. Crichton-Stuart [11]
1976 Red Regent 4 Pat Eddery Peter Walwyn Sir D. Clague [11]
1977 Turnpike 4 John Matthias Ian Balding Mrs. J. MacDougald 2:12.26 [79]
1978 Saros 4 Pat Eddery Peter Walwyn Carlo Vittadini 2:20.51 [80]
1980 Sea Chimes 4 Willie Carson John Dunlop John Thursby [11][81]
1981 Lafontaine 4 Greville Starkey Clive Brittain Mrs. J Bigg 2:10.2 [82]
1982 African Pearl 4 J. McCaughay Bryn Crossley R. Simpson 2:07.89 [83]
1983 Cannon King 7 Willie Carson John Dunlop Eric Pensar [84]
1984 My Tony 4 Taffy Thomas Geoff Lewis E. Holding 2:09.08 [85]
1985 Redden 7 Chris Rutter J. Pitt A. Bateson 2:12.09 [86]
1986 Nebris 5 Pat Eddery Reg Akehurst
1987 Ben Adhem 5 Henry Candy Gerald Kidd

1988–present[edit]

Year
Winner
Age
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Time
1988 Ben Adhem 6 Chris Rutter Henry Candy Gerald Kidd 2:14.7
1989 Dismiss 4 Michael Hills R.V. Smyth Lord McAlpine 2:16.7
1990 Starlet 4 Dale Gibson Lord Huntingdon Queen Elizabeth II 2:08.1
1991 No Submission 5 Darryll Holland Charlie Nelson P F Warren 2:06.0
1992–1996 No race
1997 Major Change 5 Kieren Fallon Miss Gay Kelleway The Two In One Partnership 2:07.3
1998 Kewarra 4 Tim Sprake Rod Millman G Palmer 2:16.3
1999 Chief Cashier 4 Alan Daly Toby Balding Surgical Spirits 2:13.3
2000 Night Venture 4 Richard Hills Barry Hills Maktoum Al Maktoum 2:19.8
2001 Roman King 6 Keith Dalgleish Mark Johnston D J & F A Jackson 2:20.4
2002 Kirovski 5 Eddie Ahern Peter Harris Batten, Bowstead, Harris & Manning 2:08.1
2003 Lingo 4 Kieren Fallon Lynda Ramsden Swiss partners 2:06.4
2004 Blythe Knight 4 Frankie Dettori Ed Dunlop Maktoum Al Maktoum 2:21.6
2005 King's Thought 6 Darryll Holland Steve Gollings Mrs E Houlton 2:12.7
2006 All That And More 4 Michael Hills Barry Hills Gainsborough Stud 2:12.2
2007 Blue Bajan 5 Michael Hills Andrew Turnell Dr John Hollowood 2:08.2
2008 Cabinet 4 Ryan Moore Sir Michael Stoute The Royal Ascot Racing Club 2:13.9
2009 Duncan 4 Jimmy Fortune John Gosden Normandie Stud Ltd 2:08.7
2010 Alainmaar 4 Richard Hills Michael Jarvis Hamdan Al Maktoum 2:06.9
2011 Spanish Duke 4 Eddie Ahern John Dunlop Windflower Overseas Holdings Inc 2:07.5
2012 Right Step 5 Jim Crowley Alan Jarvis Allen B Pope & Jarvis Associates 2:19.03
2013 Area Fifty One 5 Jamie Spencer Richard Fahey Marwan Koukash 2:08.10
2014 Sennockian Star 4 Silvestre de Sousa Mark Johnston The Vine Accord 2:08.96
2015 Collaboration 4 David Probert Andrew Balding Another Bottle Racing 2 2:11.06
2016 Dark Red 4 Franny Norton Ed Dunlop Hon R J Arculli 2:18.01
2017 Brorocco 4 Jimmy Quinn Andrew Balding Kingsclere Racing Club 2:07.89
2018 Ajman King 4 Andrea Atzeni Roger Varian Mohammed Obaid al Maktoum 2:08.59

Notes[edit]

  • In 1916 the race was run at Lingfield Park in June as the "Suburban" Handicap due to curtailment of turf events during World War I.[6]
  • The 1921 Epsom Spring Meeting was suspended due to petrol and coal rationing concerns.[7]
  • The 1940–1945 Epsom Spring Meetings were suspended due to curtailment of turf events during World War II.[8][87]
  • The 1946 City and Suburban was held on 5 August at Epsom Downs to allow the racecourse to be refurbished.
  • The 1991 race was run at Kempton.
  • The 2008 race was run at Nottingham.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lambie, James (2010). The Story of Your Life: A History of the Sporting Life Newspaper (1859–1998). Leicester: Troubador Publishing Ltd. pp. 23–24. ISBN 9781848762916. 
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  3. ^ Vamplew, Wray (2012). Encyclopedia of British Horse Racing. London: Psychology Press. p. 215. ISBN 9780714653563. 
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  7. ^ a b "Racing. A Serious Loss To Owners". The Times. Monday, Apr 25, 1921; pg. 5; Issue 42703; col A. 
  8. ^ a b "Racing The Derby And Oaks Abandoned". The Times. Thursday, Jan 25, 1940; pg. 2; Issue 48522; col D. 
  9. ^ a b "Racing City And Suburban Won By Hobo". The Times. Tuesday, Aug 06, 1946; pg. 8; Issue 50522; col A. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb The sporting chronicle annual-- a book of records in every branch of sport. Manchester: The Sporting Chronicle. 1914. pp. 17–18. 
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  46. ^ "Joel Brothers' Horses Run One, Two in Stake at Epsom". The New York Times. Apr 26, 1928. 
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  48. ^ "Racing. The Epsom Spring Meeting., Parwiz Wins". The Times. Thursday, Apr 25, 1929; pg. 6; Issue 45186; col A. 
  49. ^ "Lucky Tor, 13 to 2, Takes City and Suburban Handicap". The New York Times. May 1, 1930. 
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  70. ^ "City And Suburban For Setting Star". The Times. Thursday, Apr 24, 1958; pg. 15; Issue 54133; col A. 
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  75. ^ "Yesterday's Results At Epsom". The Times. Thursday, Apr 25, 1963; pg. 4; Issue 55684; col C. 
  76. ^ "Leading Three-Year-Old Fillies Contest Princess Elizabeth Stakes". The Times. Thursday, Apr 23, 1964; pg. 5; Issue 55993; col A. 
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  87. ^ "Racing Fixtures Abandoned". The Times. Friday, Oct 24, 1941; pg. 2; Issue 49065; col E.