City of Botany Bay

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City of Botany Bay
New South Wales
Botany Bay lga.png
Population 39,356 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density 1,471/km2 (3,810/sq mi)
Established 29 March 1888 (Botany)
1996 (Botany Bay)
Abolished 9 September 2016
Area 26.75 km2 (10.3 sq mi)
Mayor Ben Keneally (Labor)
Council seat Botany Town Hall, Botany
Region South-Eastern Sydney
Parish Botany
City of Botany Bay logo.png
Website City of Botany Bay
LGAs around City of Botany Bay:
Marrickville Sydney Randwick
Marrickville City of Botany Bay Randwick
Rockdale Botany Bay Randwick

The City of Botany Bay was a local government area in the eastern region of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The area encompassed the suburbs to the north of Botany Bay, such as Botany. First proclaimed in 1888 as the "Borough of Botany", the council became the "Municipality of Botany" from 1906 to 1996, when it was proclaimed a city as the "City of Botany Bay".

The administrative centre was located at Mascot, which is 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) south of the Sydney central business district. The City was amalgamated with the neighbouring City of Rockdale on 9 September 2016 to form Bayside Council. The last Mayor of the City of Botany Bay prior to amalgamation was Cr. Ben Keneally, a member of the Labor Party and the husband of Kristina Keneally, a former Premier of New South Wales.

Suburbs in the local government area[edit]

Suburbs in the City of Botany Bay were:

History[edit]

First proclaimed in 1888 as the "Borough of Botany", the first council, divided into three wards (Booralee Ward, Cook Ward, Banks Ward), was elected on 9 June 1888.[2][3] On 15 July 1899, the Botany Town Hall, designed by Byera Hadley, was opened by the Governor, Lord Beauchamp.[4][5] The town hall remained the seat and primary meeting-place of the council until amalgamation in 2016.

The council became the "Municipality of Botany" from 1906 to 1996, when it was proclaimed a city as the "City of Botany Bay". The council wards were abolished from 31 January 1908.[6] Under the Local Government (Areas) Act 1948, the Municipality of Mascot (formerly North Botany), which was located immediately to the North, was amalgamated into Botany.

In February 2016, the NSW Independent Commission Against Corruption commenced a public inquiry into allegations that a former chief financial officer employed by the Council and other Council employees, dishonestly exercised official functions to obtain financial benefits for themselves and others by causing fraudulent payments of more than A$4.2 million to be made by the Council through false invoicing to either themselves, or various entities. It was also alleged that the former Chief Financial Officer and the Council employees dishonestly exercised official functions to obtain financial benefits for themselves and others by using Council resources.[7]

Proposed amalgamation[edit]

A 2015 review of local government boundaries recommended that the City of Botany Bay merge with the City of Rockdale to form a new council with an area of 50 square kilometres (19 sq mi) and support a population of approximately 153,000.[8] Following the review, Botany Bay was amalgamated with City of Rockdale on 9 September 2016 to form Bayside Council.[9]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 census, there were 39,356 people in the Botany Bay local government area, of these 49.5% were male and 50.5% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.6% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Botany Bay was 37 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 18.2% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 14.4% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 47.6% were married and 11.4% were either divorced or separated.[1]

Population growth in the City of Botany Bay between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 5.18%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 census, population growth was 5.19%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in Botany Bay local government area was lower than the national average.[1][10][11]

Selected historical census data for the City of Botany Bay local government area
Census year 2001[10] 2006[11] 2011[1]
Population Estimated residents on Census night 35,572 37,415 39,356
LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales 61
% of New South Wales population 0.5% 0.57%
% of Australian population 0.19% Decrease 0.18% Steady 0.18%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
Australian 16.7%
English 14.5%
Chinese 8.0%
Irish 5.8%
Greek 5.6%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Greek 7.4% Decrease 6.5% Decrease 5.8%
Bengali 3.4% Increase 3.5% Increase 3.6%
Indonesian n/c n/c Increase 3.2%
Spanish 4.5% Decrease 3.8% Decrease 3.2%
Mandarin Chinese n/c n/c Increase 3.0%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Catholic 35.0% Decrease 34.2% Decrease 32.9%
No religion 7.5% Increase 10.1% Increase 13.0%
Anglican 13.2% Decrease 12.2% Decrease 10.8%
Eastern Orthodox 10.9% Decrease 10.2% Decrease 9.5%
Islam 8.3% Decrease 7.8% Increase 8.1%
Median weekly incomes
Personal income Median weekly personal income A$453 A$575
% of Australian median income 97.2% 99.7%
Family income Median weekly family income A$995 A$1,488
% of Australian median income 96.9% 100.5%
Household income Median weekly household income A$1,166 A$1,245
% of Australian median income 99.6% 100.9%

Council[edit]

Final composition and election method[edit]

City of Botany Bay Administration Building, Mascot

Botany Bay City Council was composed of seven Councillors, including the Mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor was directly elected for a four-year term from 1995–2016 while the six other Councillors were elected proportionally as six separate wards, each electing one Councillor. From 1948 to 1995 the council consisted of 15 councillors/aldermen, with three elected in each of five wards.[12] From 1995 to 2008, the councillors were elected at-large and from 2008 to 2012 the councillors were elected to three wards, with two Councillors elected in each.[13] The most recent election was held on 8 September 2012. In Wards One and Five, only one candidate nominated for election. There being no additional candidates, the election for these Wards was uncontested.[14] The final makeup of the Council at the last election for the term 2012–2016, including the Mayor, was as follows:[15]

Ward Councillor Party Notes
Mayor   Ben Keneally Labor
Ward One   George Glinatsis Labor
Ward Two   Brian Troy Labor
Ward Three   Christina Curry Labor
Ward Four   Stan Kondilios Labor Deputy Mayor
Ward Five   Greg Mitchell Labor
Ward Six   Mark Castle Labor

Mayors[edit]

Mayor Party Term Notes
  James John Macfadyen Independent 20 August 1888 – 13 February 1890 [16][17]
  John E. Chant Independent 13 February 1890 – 14 February 1891 [18]
  Charles R. Swinbourne Independent 14 February 1891 – 10 February 1893 [19][20]
  Francis John Luland Independent 10 February 1893 – 14 February 1895 [21][22]
  James John Macfadyen Independent 14 February 1895 – 13 February 1896 [23]
  Joseph Pemberton Independent 13 February 1896 – 9 February 1897 [24]
  Joshua Wiggins Independent 9 February 1897 – 8 February 1898 [25]
  Francis Hambly Independent 8 February 1898 – 10 February 1900 [26][27][28]
  Oscar William Nilson Independent 10 February 1900 – 16 February 1901 [29]
  William Stephen Independent 16 February 1901 – 10 February 1902 [30]
  Frederick Page Independent 10 February 1902 – 12 February 1903 [31]
  Francis John Luland Independent 12 February 1903 – 20 February 1905 [32][33][34]
  Clement Frederick Etherden Independent 20 February 1905 – February 1909 [35][36][37]
  Frederick Anderson Independent February 1909 – 11 February 1910 [38]
  John Herford Independent 11 February 1910 – 9 February 1911 [39]
  William Hale Independent 9 February 1911 – 12 February 1913 [40][41]
  Oscar William Nilson Independent 12 February 1913 – 10 February 1914 [42][43]
  William David Stephen Independent 10 February 1914 – 10 February 1915 [44]
  James Facer Gray Siddins Independent 10 February 1915 – 17 February 1916 [45]
  William David Stephen Independent 17 February 1916 – February 1919 [46][47][48]
  Harold Hickson Independent February 1919 – December 1920 [49]
  William David Stephen Independent December 1920 – December 1922 [50][51]
  John Herford Independent December 1922 – December 1924 [52][53][54]
  James Facer Gray Siddins Independent December 1924 – 1 December 1927 [55][56][57][58]
  Frederick Page Independent 1 December 1927 – December 1928 [59]
  George Frederick Anderson Independent December 1928 – December 1930 [60]
  Frederick James Kerr Independent December 1930 – December 1932 [61]
  William Herford Independent December 1932 – December 1937 [62][63][64][65][66][67][68]
  George Frederick Anderson Independent December 1937 – 1 December 1938 [69]
  Garnet Arthur Jackson Labor 1 December 1938 – 4 December 1939 [70]
  Cyril Henry Edward Wall Labor 4 December 1939 – December 1940 [71]
  Garnet Arthur Jackson Labor December 1940 – December 1941 [72]
  George Valentine Arthur Labor December 1941 – December 1942
  John James Chalmers Labor December 1942 – December 1943 [73]
  John Francis McCarthy Labor December 1943 – December 1944 [74]
  Cecil Dengate Hensley Labor December 1944 – December 1945 [75][76]
  James Sydney Greenfield Labor December 1945 – December 1946 [77]
  Thomas Henry Albert Tierney Labor December 1946 – December 1948 [78]
  Francis Bernard Joyce Labor December 1948 – December 1953 [79][80][81]
  John Samuel Elphick Labor December 1953 – December 1954 [82]
  Alexander McPherson Labor December 1954 – December 1955 [83]
Gladstone Sparks December 1963 – December 1964 [84]
December 1964 – December 1965
G. R. Hanna December 1965 – December 1966
December 1966 – December 1967
J. Slattery December 1967 – September 1968
  John Samuel Elphick Labor September 1968 – September 1969
J. Slattery September 1969 – September 1970
September 1970 – September 1971
J. T. G. Tobin September 1971 – September 1972
  Jim Tobin Labor – September 1981
  Ron Hoenig Labor September 1981 – 8 September 2012
  Ben Keneally Labor 8 September 2012 – 9 September 2016 [85]

References[edit]

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  9. ^ Stronger Councils
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External links[edit]