City of Canterbury (New South Wales)

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City of Canterbury
New South Wales
Canterbury lga sydney.png
Coordinates33°55′S 151°06′E / 33.917°S 151.100°E / -33.917; 151.100Coordinates: 33°55′S 151°06′E / 33.917°S 151.100°E / -33.917; 151.100
Population146,314 (2012)[1]
 • Density4,303.45/km2 (11,145.9/sq mi)
Established17 March 1879 (Municipality)
16 November 1993 (City)
Abolished12 May 2016 (2016-05-12)
Area34 km2 (13.1 sq mi)
MayorBrian Robson (Labor)
Council seatCanterbury Administration Building, Campsie
RegionInner West
South West
Canterbury City Council logo 1990-2016.png
WebsiteCity of Canterbury
LGAs around City of Canterbury:
Strathfield Burwood Ashfield
Bankstown City of Canterbury Marrickville
Bankstown Hurstville Rockdale

The City of Canterbury was a local government area in the south–west region of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The city was primarily residential and light industrial in character, and was home to over 130 nationalities. With a majority of its residents being born overseas, the council marketed itself as the "City of Cultural Diversity." First incorporated as the Municipality of Canterbury in 1879, the council became known as the City of Canterbury in 1993.

The last Mayor of the City of Canterbury Council was Cr. Brian Robson, a member of the Labor Party, until 12 May 2016 when the City was amalgamated with the City of Bankstown, forming the City of Canterbury-Bankstown.

Suburbs in the local government area[edit]

Suburbs in the former City of Canterbury were:

History[edit]

Canterbury Town Hall, opened in 1889, demolished in 1963

Indigenous Australians lived in this area for thousands of years. In 1770, the land along the Cooks River was explored by officers from HM Bark Endeavour. In 1793, the area's first land grant was made to the chaplain of the First Fleet, the Reverend Richard Johnson, and given the name Canterbury Vale.

Residential development began picking up in the area during the 1880s and the[clarification needed] was extended to Canterbury in 1895, encouraging further suburban development which led to the area becoming heavily populated. A leading developer at this time was Frederick Gibbes, a Member of Parliament for the seat of Newtown.

After much petitioning of the State Government by local residents, the Municipality of Canterbury was proclaimed on 17 March 1879. The council first met in the home of the first mayor, Alderman John Sproule and premised were then leased in the St Paul's Church schoolroom at 47-49 Canterbury Road, Canterbury. The Canterbury Town Hall, located on Canterbury Road between Canton and Howard Streets, was opened in 1889 by the Premier of New South Wales, Sir Henry Parkes. However, over time, Campsie became a more important centre, particularly along Beamish Street and Canterbury Council planned a gradual move of civic services there when funds became available.[2] In 1954 a Baby Health Centre by Davey & Brindley opened on Beamish Street, followed by a library next door by Davey, Brindley & Vickery in 1958 at a cost of £30,000, and the municipal administration finally moved in 1963.[2] At the time of its opening by the mayor R. J. Schofield on 26 September 1958, the Campsie Library was reputed to be the largest municipal library in Sydney.[2][3] The Canterbury Municipal Administration Building designed by architects Whitehead & Payne, built by Rex Building Company Pty Ltd, and completed at a cost of £163,000 was opened adjacent to the Library and Baby Health Centre by the mayor, James S. Scott, on 21 September 1963.[4][5][6] The City of Canterbury was proclaimed on 16 November 1993 by the Governor of New South Wales, Rear Admiral Peter Sinclair.

Amalgamation[edit]

A 2015 review of local government boundaries by the NSW Government Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal recommended that the City of Canterbury merge with the City of Bankstown to form a new council with an area of 110 square kilometres (42 sq mi) and support a population of approximately 351,000.[7] Following an independent review, on 12 May 2016 the Minister for Local Government announced that the merger with the City of Bankstown would proceed with immediate effect, creating a new council with an area of 72 square kilometres (28 sq mi).[8]

Council dysfunction and ICAC Operation Dasha[edit]

The Administration Building on Beamish Street, Campsie, was the seat of Canterbury Council from 1963–2016. It was designed by architects Whitehead & Payne and built by Rex Building Company P/L, to complete the 'civic centre' with the adjacent library and baby health centre.[4] It is now secondary offices for the City of Canterbury Bankstown.

On 26 March 2018, the NSW Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) commenced investigations and a public inquiry (known as Operation Dasha) into allegations concerning actions of the former Canterbury City Council between 2013 and 2016, "where public officials including councillors Michael Hawatt and Pierre Azzi, the former general manager, Jim Montague, and the former Director City Planning, Spiro Stavis, dishonestly and/or partially exercised their official functions in relation to planning proposals and/or applications under the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 concerning properties in the Canterbury City Council local area."[9]

Among the decisions Stavis presided over were the variations of Council's controls approved by Council and justified under Section 4.6 of the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979, particularly along the Canterbury Road Corridor. With the appointment of Administrator Richard Colley as head of the new City of Canterbury-Bankstown on 12 May 2016, Colley ordered a halt to development proposals along the corridor until a comprehensive review was completed, noting "One of the first things that I came across following the amalgamation was what I saw as the ad hoc development on Canterbury Road, most of it non-compliant with the former Canterbury Council's residential development strategy, particularly in terms of height and bulk and size, and the effect on Canterbury Road itself". Former mayor Brian Robson admitted that the last 2012-2016 Council term "started getting messy with certain councillors trying to push the barrow of individual developers ... after that we started getting messy with individual spot rezonings."[10]

The review report presented to Council in July 2017 declared that as a result of previous actions taken by the former Council, the Canterbury Road Corridor "is a noisy, polluted and harsh environment, generally unsuitable in its current state for housing" and presented 14 recommendations including: Appropriate zoning, urban design and built-form controls along the corridor; Measures to address environmental issues, such as noise and pollution; Traffic, transport and car parking issues; Providing good access to parks, community facilities, public transport and shops; and completing a new city-wide Local Environmental Plan (LEP) by 2020, to guide all development.[11] All the recommendations were subsequently adopted by Council, with the Canterbury Bankstown Mayor, Khal Asfour, noting on Council's rejection of one planning proposal in the corridor: "This kind of development won’t be approved on my watch, this proposal involved rezoning land reserved for employment to build an eight-storey residential complex, which would have been an inappropriate development for that location. We remain committed to our City and its residents. We will consult them and protect them from overdevelopment, and make no apology for that."[12]

ICAC also undertook investigations into the circumstances surrounding the appointment of Stavis as Director City Planning, and whether he had been appointed through a dishonest and politically-motivated process influenced by Councillors Hawatt and Azzi.[9] The public inquiry heard evidence that the previous Director had resigned following sustained pressure by Hawatt and Azzi over decisions on certain development applications, and they had pressured Montague in accepting Stavis as the acceptable candidate as Director, when he was not the most qualified for the position compared to other candidates, to the point of "blackmail and threats".[13][14][15] This included an aborted attempt by Hawatt and Azzi to dismiss Montague from his position as General Manager in a Council Meeting in January 2015, amidst allegations that "Montague had spent more than $42,000 of council funds on lunches over the past five years and that he had mishandled the recent employment of the council's new director of city planning."[16]

In July 2018, the Liberal Member of Parliament for Wagga Wagga, Daryl Maguire, was drawn into the inquiry regarding possible corruption through his association with former Liberal councillor Hawatt. It was alleged that Maguire had acted on behalf of a "mega big" Chinese client, asking for help in buying into development-approved projects, in return for a commission from the developer for both himself and Hawatt.[17] As a consequence, Maguire resigned from the Liberal Party, and from his roles Parliamentary Secretary for the Centenary of ANZAC, Counter Terrorism, Corrections and Veterans.[18] After initially refusing to resign from Parliament, Maguire resigned from parliament on 3 August 2018.[19][20][21]

The ICAC investigations for 'Operation Dasha' are ongoing.[9] In March 2017 Administrator Richard Colley adopted a new Code of Conduct for Canterbury Bankstown noting: "Honesty, fairness and transparency are the values underpinning our new council’s code of conduct policies, ensuring residents can be confident the decisions we make are in their best interest". The Code of Conduct was the first in the state to be approved by ICAC.[22]

Council[edit]

Final composition and election method[edit]

Canterbury City Council was composed of ten Councillors, including the Mayor, elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor was directly elected since 1976 while the nine other Councillors were elected proportionally as three separate wards, each electing three Councillors. The final election was held on 8 September 2012, and the makeup of the Council, prior to its abolition, was as follows:[23][24][25][26]

The last Council, elected in 2012 until its abolition in 2016, in order of election by ward, was:

Ward Councillor Party Notes
Mayor[23]   Brian Robson Labor Mayor 2011–2016. West Ward Councillor 1999–2011. Deputy Mayor 2003–2004, 2007–2008.[27]
Central Ward[24]   Mark Adler Labor Elected 1999–2016.
  Ken Nam Liberal Elected 2008–2016.
  Fadwa Kebbea Labor Elected 1999–2016. Deputy Mayor 2009–2010, 2014–2015.
East Ward[25]   Con Vasiliades Liberal Elected 2012–2016.
  Esta Paschalidis-Chilas Labor Elected 2012–2016.
  Linda Eisler Greens Elected 2008–2016. Elected Canterbury-Bankstown Council Canterbury Ward 2017.
West Ward[26]   Karl Saleh Labor Elected 2004–2016. Deputy Mayor 2008–2009, 2012–2013, 2015–2016.[28]
  Michael Hawatt Liberal Elected 1999–2016.
  Pierre Azzi Labor Elected 2012–2016. Deputy Mayor 2013–2014.

Mayors and General Managers[edit]

John Sproule (1838–1905), the first Mayor of Canterbury from 1879 to 1880, was also three times Mayor of Hurstville (1890–1891, 1897–1898).

Mayors[edit]

Mayor Party Term Notes
  John Sproule Independent 16 June 1879 – 10 February 1880 [29]
  John Campbell Sharp Independent 10 February 1880 – 19 February 1883 [30][31][32]
  Thomas Austen Davis Independent 19 February 1883 – 14 February 1884 [33]
  Benjamin Taylor Independent 14 February 1884 – 3 February 1886 [34][35]
  James Slocombe Independent 3 February 1886 – 13 February 1888 [36][37]
  John Campbell Sharp Independent 13 February 1888 – 24 August 1889 [38][39]
  James McBean Independent 24 August 1889 – 12 February 1890
  James Charles Stone Independent 12 February 1890 – 11 February 1891 [40]
  John Quigg Independent 11 February 1891 – 19 February 1892 [41]
  Patrick Joseph Scahill Independent 19 February 1892 – 15 February 1895 [42]
  Sydney Robert Lorking Independent 15 February 1895 – 16 February 1899 [43]
  George Wallace Nicoll Independent 16 February 1899 – 16 February 1900 [44][45]
  Jeffrey Denniss Independent 16 February 1900 – 11 February 1904 [46][47]
  Benjamin Taylor Independent 11 February 1904 – 16 February 1906 [48][49]
  Jeffrey Denniss Independent 16 February 1906 – 10 February 1908 [50]
  John Edward Draper Independent 10 February 1908 – February 1910 [51][52]
  John McCulloch Independent February 1910 – February 1911 [53]
  Patrick Joseph Scahill Independent February 1911 – February 1912 [54]
  John Edward Draper Liberal Reform Party February 1912 – 10 February 1913 [55]
  George Frederick Wells Hocking Labor 10 February 1913 – March 1914 [56][57][58]
  James Augustus Wilson Labor March 1914 – February 1917 [59]
  Arthur Preston Independent February 1917 – February 1920 [60]
  George Frederick Wells Hocking Labor February 1920 – 11 December 1922 [61][62]
  John Henry Ewen Citizens' Progress Party 11 December 1922 – 7 December 1925 [63][64]
  Norman Bede Rydge Labor 7 December 1925 – 20 December 1926 [65]
  Eric Howard Stephenson Labor 20 December 1926 – 19 December 1927 [66]
  Asa North Labor 19 December 1927 – 10 December 1928 [67]
  George Harold Bramston Citizens' Progress Party 10 December 1928 – 8 January 1932 [68][69]
  Stanley Parry Independent 8 January 1932 – August 1947 [70][71]
  Harold McPherson 7 August 1947 – December 1948 [72]
  Colin Williams December 1948 – 6 December 1949
  Samuel Warren 6 December 1949 – December 1951 [73]
  Herbert Reuben Thorncraft December 1951 – December 1953
  George Herbert Mulder Labor December 1953 - December 1956
  Stanley Charles Reuben Squire December 1956 - December 1957
  R. J. Schofield Independent December 1957 - December 1958
  Stanley Charles Reuben Squire December 1958 - 10 December 1959
  R. J. Schofield Independent 10 December 1959 - December 1962 [74]
  Ronald Gordon Pate December 1962 - 8 December 1963
  James Schofield Scott Labor 8 December 1963 - 10 December 1965 [75]
  Alfred James Pate Independent 10 December 1965 - December 1967 [76]
  James William Eccles 5 December 1967 - December 1968 [77]
  Allan Mulder Labor December 1968 - December 1969
  James William Eccles December 1969 - December 1970
  James Beaman December 1970 – September 1971
  Colin Gordon Williams September 1971 – September 1976
  John Mountford Labor September 1976 – October 1980
  Kevin Moss Labor October 1980 – September 1987
  John Gorrie Labor September 1987 – September 1995
  Kayee Griffin Labor September 1995 – January 2004
  Robert Furolo Labor January 2004 – 21 October 2011 [78]
  Brian Robson Labor 1 November 2011 – 12 May 2016 [27]

Town Clerk/General Managers[edit]

Town Clerk/General Manager Term Notes
Neil Quigg 7 July 1879 – February 1880 [79]
Edwin Tyrell Sayers February 1880 – December 1882
Samuel Mantle Burrowes 5 January 1883 – September 1883 [80]
Hector Innes 5 September 1883 – 15 August 1888 [81]
Benjamin Taylor 15 August 1888 – 20 October 1902 [82]
Frederick John Davis 20 October 1902 – 2 March 1907 [83]
Samuel Ernest Marsden 2 March 1907 – 1 October 1910 [84]
Charles Lipson Iverson 1 October 1910 – 1911 [85]
Harold Linden Dunstan 1911 – October 1912
Frederick Haworth JP October 1912 – 22 February 1914 [86][87]
James Lane Sutton June 1914 – 12 March 1929 [88][89][90][91][92]
Robert Brouff 2 December 1929 – 1934 [93]
Edgar Jay September 1934 – 1941 [94]
Claude Hunt 1941–1942
Robert Brouff 1942–1948
Selwyn Lofts 1948–1965
Jack Wheeler 1965 – May 1973
Jack Whitmarsh May 1973 – 1982
Jim Montague PSM 1982 – 12 May 2016 [95][96]

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 Census, there were 137,454 people in the Canterbury local government area, with an equal proportion of male and female residents. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.6% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Canterbury was 35 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 20.0% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.5% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 52.9% were married and 10.8% were either divorced or separated.[1]

Population growth in the City of Canterbury between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census was 0.02%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 5.76%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in Canterbury local government area was approximately half the national average.[97] The median weekly income for residents within the City of Canterbury is significantly lower than the national average.[1][98]

Campsie Early Childhood Centre, designed by architects Davey & Brindley in 1954.
Selected historical census data for Canterbury local government area
Census year 2001[97] 2006[98] 2011[1]
Population Estimated residents on Census night 129,935 129,963 137,454
LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales
% of New South Wales population 1.99%
% of Australian population 0.69% Decrease 0.65% Decrease 0.64%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
Chinese 11.6%
Australian 9.7%
Lebanese 9.5%
Greek 9.5%
English 8.9%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Arabic 12.2% Decrease 10.1% Increase 13.2%
Greek 11.1% Decrease 10.4% Decrease 9.8%
Mandarin 1.7% Increase 2.7% Increase 5.6%
Cantonese 2.7% Increase 3.3% Increase 5.5%
Vietnamese n/c Increase 2.2% Increase 3.8%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Catholic 43.4% Decrease 41.7% Decrease 25.6%
Islam 5.1% Steady 5.1% Increase 16.6%
Eastern Orthodox 15.8% Decrease 13.4% Increase 13.6%
No religion 11.1% Increase 13.4% Decrease 12.5%
Buddhism n/c n/c Increase 6.1%
Median weekly incomes
Personal income Median weekly personal income A$366 A$430
% of Australian median income 78.5% 74.5%
Family income Median weekly family income A$839 A$1,149
% of Australian median income 81.7% 77.6%
Household income Median weekly household income A$1,007 A$1,029
% of Australian median income 86.0% 83.4%

[edit]

Coat of arms of City of Canterbury
City of Canterbury (NSW) coat of arms, granted 1979.jpg
Notes
The arms of the City of Canterbury, granted by Letters of the King of Arms, College of Arms, designed by H. Ellis Tomlinson on the occasion of the centenary of the Municipality of Canterbury, consist of:[99]
Crest
On a wreath of the colours, within a circlet of six mullets each of eight points or, a mount vert issuant therefrom a cross formy fitchy sable entwined with a rose argent, barbed, seeded, stalked, leaved and slipped proper.
Escutcheon
Argent a bar wavy azure between three choughs proper, each holding in the dexter foot a cross formy fitchy sable, on a chief gules a lion couchant guardant. Argent a bar wavy azure between three choughs proper, each holding in the dexter foot a cross formy fitchy sable, on a chief gules a lion couchant guardant.
Supporters
On either side a sea-horse argent gorged with a collar wavy azure charged with two Polar Stars or, one being manifest, and holding in the mouth a sprig of Canterbury Bell proper with five flowers azure.
Motto
MAGNUM NOMEN HABEMUS ("We bear a great name")
Symbolism
The shield is based on arms of Canterbury, Kent, England, which displays a gold lion on red above the three choughs , attributed as the arms of St. Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury 1162–1170. To the choughs is added a blue wave for Cooks River, and each holds a distinctive black cross from the arms of the Archbishop of Canterbury. At the top of the shield, the gold lion is taken from the former council seal. The Crest is set in the colours of white and blue, the NSW colours, and refers to the foundation and naming of Canterbury by the Reverend Richard Johnson, appointed as the State's first chaplain in 1786. A ring of gold stars from the State arms encloses a grassy mound representing Johnson's grant of Brickfield Hill in which is fixed the Canterbury cross to denote his foundation of the Church in the place named Canterbury Vale. His Yorkshire origins are indicated by the White Rose of York. The Supporters are a marine version of the White horse of Kent, England, of which the City of Canterbury is the capital. These 'sea-horses' denote coastal or river traffic, charged with the Polar Star from James Cook's arms. In their mouths are sprays of the Canterbury Bell flower, also taken from the former seal.[99]

[edit]

In 1990, the council's Engineering Department produced the logo in everyday usage until 2016, it consisted of two C's in black and white, intersected by a wave in light blue, which represents the Cooks River and is taken from the council arms issued in 1979.[99]

Sister cities[edit]

  • South Korea Eunpyong-gu, Seoul, South Korea. A special friendship garden in Loft Gardens at Campsie commemorating the relationship begun in 1988, in the design of the Taegukgi, was unveiled in November 2000 by the mayors of Canterbury and Eunpyong-gu.
  • Greece Patras, Greece.

References[edit]

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