City of Chester (UK Parliament constituency)

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City of Chester
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of City of Chester in Cheshire.
Outline map
Location of Cheshire within England.
County Cheshire
Population 92,995 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 68,280 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlements Chester
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of parliament Chris Matheson (Labour)
Number of members One
1545–1918
Number of members 1545–1880: Two
1885–1918: One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

The City of Chester is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Chris Matheson of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covers the English city of Chester on the border of Wales and parts of the surrounding Cheshire West and Chester unitary authority, including the villages of Aldford, Capenhurst, Christleton, Guilden Sutton, Mollington, Newtown, Pulford and Saughall.

Much of the city of Chester itself is residential of varying characteristics, with more middle-class areas such as Upton and the large rural former council estate of Blacon. However, the estate of Blacon is, except where purchased under the right to buy, owned run and maintained by the Chester And District Housing Trust.CDHT.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Cheshire, the Boundary Commission for England made minor changes to the existing arrangement as a consequence of population changes. The electoral wards included in this modified constituency were (as at 12 April 2005):

The changes were approved in 2007 and came into effect at the 2010 general election.[4]

History[edit]

As part of a county palatine with a parliament of its own until the early 16th century Chester was not enfranchised (sent no MPs) until an Act of 1543 since which it returned two MPs to Parliament as a parliamentary borough until 1885, when the representation was reduced to one. For most of the 19th century, the seat was held by the Whigs and (later) the Liberals.

From 1910 until 1997, Chester was held by Conservative Party MPs. In most elections it was a safe seat, although the party's MPs had more marginal majorities at the 1929 general election over the Liberal candidate (when Labour formed a minority government) and at the 1992 election over the Labour candidate, when the Conservatives had a small parliamentary majority.

Labour's Christine Russell gained the seat easily at the 1997 election and held it until 2010. Her majority over the Conservatives had been reduced to under 1,000 at the 2005 election. The Conservative Stephen Mosley regained the seat for a term, before Labour's Chris Matheson was returned in 2015.

Four of the six candidates at the 2010 general election had contested the seat previously; Christine Russell (1997, 2001, 2005); Allan Weddell (2001, 2005); Ed Abrahms (2005) and Tom Barker (1992). All candidates had contested at least one election for local authorities for wards inside the constituency. The Liberal Democrats including their two predecessor parties amassed their largest share of the vote in 2005 at 21.9% of the vote.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1545 to 1660[edit]

Year First member Second member
1545 Sir Lawrence Smith [5]
1547 Richard Sneyd William Aldersey[6]
1553 (Mar) Richard Sneyd Randall Mainwaring[6]
1553 (Oct) Richard Sneyd Thomas Massey[6]
1554 (Apr) Richard Sneyd William Aldersey[6]
1554 (Nov) Richard Sneyd Thomas Massey[6]
1555 William Gerard William Aldersey[6]
1558 Sir Lawrence Smith William Gerard[6]
1559 (Jan) Sir Lawrence Smith William Gerard[6]
1562/1563 William Gerard John Yerworth[6]
1571 William Gerard William Glasier[6]
1572 (Apr) William Gerard William Glasier[6]
1584 (Nov) Richard Birkheved Richard Bavand[6]
1586 (Sep) Richard Birkheved Peter Warburton[6]
1588/1589 Richard Birkheved Peter Warburton[6]
1593 Richard Birkheved Gilbert Gerard[6]
1597 (Sep) Peter Warburton William Brock[6]
1601 Hugh Glasier Thomas Gamull[6]
1604 Thomas Lawton Hugh Glasier
1614 Edward Whitby John Bingley
1621–1622 Edward Whitby John Ratcliffe
1624 Edward Whitby John Savage
1625 Edward Whitby Sir John Savage
1626 Edward Whitby William Gamull
1628–1629 Edward Whitby John Ratcliffe
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
Apr 1640 Sir Thomas Smith Robert Brerewood
Nov 1640 Sir Thomas Smith Francis Gamull
1645 William Edwards John Ratcliffe
1653 Chester not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Charles Walley One seat only
1656 Edward Bradshaw One seat only
1659 Jonathan Ridge John Griffith
† Smith and Gamull were Both disabled from serving in 1644.

MPs 1660–1880[edit]

Year First member[7] First party Second member[7] Second party
1660 John Ratcliffe William Ince
1661 Sir Thomas Smith, Bt
1673 Robert Werden Tory
1675 William Williams
1679 Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Bt Tory
1681 Roger Whitley Whig
1685 Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Bt Tory Robert Werden Tory
1689 Roger Whitley Whig George Mainwaring Whig
1690 Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Bt Tory Sir Richard Levinge, Bt Tory
1695 Roger Whitley Whig
January 1698 Thomas Cowper
July 1698 Peter Shakerley Tory
1701 Sir Henry Bunbury, Bt Tory
1715 Sir Richard Grosvenor, Bt
1727 Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Bt
January 1733 Sir Robert Grosvenor, Bt
March 1733 Sir Charles Bunbury, Bt
1742 Philip Henry Warburton
1754 Sir Richard Grosvenor, Bt
1755 Thomas Grosvenor
1761 Richard Wilbraham-Bootle
1790 Viscount Belgrave
1795 Thomas Grosvenor
1802 Richard Erle-Drax-Grosvenor
1807 John Grey Egerton
1818 Viscount Belgrave Tory
1826 Lord Robert Grosvenor Whig
1830 Sir Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton, Bt Conservative
1831 Foster Cunliffe-Offley
May 1832 John Finchett Maddock
December 1832 Sir John Jervis Liberal
1847 Earl Grosvenor Liberal
1850 William Owen Stanley
1857 Enoch Gibbon Salisbury
1859 Philip Stapleton Humberston
1865 William Henry Gladstone Liberal
1868 Henry Cecil Raikes Conservative
1869 Hon. Norman Grosvenor
1874 John George Dodson Liberal
1880 Beilby Lawley Liberal
  • Constituency suspended (1880)

MPs since 1885[edit]

  • Voting restored (1885)
Walter Foster
Election Member[8][7] Party
1885 Balthazar Walter Foster Liberal
1886 Robert Armstrong Yerburgh Conservative
1906 Alfred Moritz Mond Liberal
1910, January Robert Armstrong Yerburgh Conservative
1916 by-election Sir Owen Cosby Philipps Conservative
1922 Sir Charles William Cayzer Conservative
1940 by-election Sir Basil Nield Conservative
1956 by-election John Meredith Temple Conservative
1974, February Peter Morrison Conservative
1992 Gyles Brandreth Conservative
1997 Christine Russell Labour
2010 Stephen Mosley Conservative
2015 Chris Matheson Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: City of Chester[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Chris Matheson 22,118 43.2 +8.2
Conservative Stephen Mosley 22,025 43.1 +2.5
UKIP Steve Ingram 4,148 8.1 +5.5
Liberal Democrat Bob Thompson 2,870 5.6 -13.5
Majority 93 0.2
Turnout 51,161 70.8 +2.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +2.9
General Election 2010: City of Chester[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen Mosley 18,995 40.6 +3.8
Labour Christine Russell 16,412 35.1 −3.8
Liberal Democrat Lizzie Jewkes 8,930 19.1 −2.8
UKIP Allan Weddell 1,225 2.6 +0.9
English Democrats Ed Abrams 594 1.3 +0.6
Green Malcolm Thomas Barker 535 1.1 +1.1
Independent John Whittingham 99 0.2 +0.2
Majority 2,583 5.5
Turnout 46,853 67.9 +3.6
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +3.9

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: City of Chester[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christine Russell 17,458 38.9 −9.6
Conservative Paul Offer 16,543 36.8 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Mia Jones 9,818 21.9 +7.2
UKIP Allan Weddell 776 1.7 −0.3
English Democrats Ed Abrams 308 0.7 +0.7
Majority 917 2.0
Turnout 44,903 64.3 +0.5
Labour hold Swing −6.7
General Election 2001: City of Chester[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christine Russell 21,760 48.5 −4.5
Conservative David Ian Jones 14,866 33.1 −1.1
Liberal Democrat Tony Dawson 6,589 14.7 +5.2
UKIP Allan Weddell 899 2.0 N/A
Independent George Rogers 763 1.7 +1.4
Majority 6,894 15.4
Turnout 44,877 63.8 −14.7
Labour hold Swing −1.7

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: City of Chester[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christine Russell 29,806 53.0 +11.0
Conservative Gyles Brandreth 19,253 34.2 −9.9
Liberal Democrat David Simpson 5,353 9.5 −3.4
Referendum Richard F.A. Mullen 1,487 2.6 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Ian Sanderson 204 0.4 N/A
West Cheshire College In Crisis William G. Johnson 154 0.3 N/A
Majority 10,553 18.2
Turnout 56,257 78.4 −5.5
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 10.5
General Election 1992: City of Chester[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gyles Brandreth 23,411 44.1 −0.8
Labour David Eric Robinson 22,310 42.0 +6.4
Liberal Democrat John Gordon Smith 6,867 12.9 −6.6
Green Malcolm Thomas Barker 448 0.8 N/A
Natural Law Stephen Richard Harold Cross 98 0.2 N/A
Majority 1,101 2.1 −7.2
Turnout 53,134 83.9 +4.1
Conservative hold Swing −3.6

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: City of Chester[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Morrison 23,582 44.86
Labour David Eric Robinson 18,727 35.62
Liberal Andrew Stunell 10,262 19.52
Majority 4,855 9.24
Turnout 79.84
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: City of Chester[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Morrison 22,645 47.11
Labour David Eric Robertson 13,546 28.18
Liberal Andrew Stunell 11,874 24.70
Majority 9,099 18.93
Turnout 74.51
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Morrison 28,764 51.43
Labour R.D. Blair 19,450 34.78
Liberal Andrew Stunell 7,711 13.79
Majority 9,314 16.65
Turnout 77.64
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Morrison 23,095 44.01
Labour John Crawford 18,477 35.21
Liberal R.M. Green 10,907 20.78
Majority 4,618 8.80
Turnout 75.40
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Morrison 24,527 44.29
Labour John Crawford 17,759 32.07
Liberal R. Green 13,098 23.65
Majority 6,768 12.22
Turnout 80.31
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Meredith Temple 25,877 52.04
Labour John Crawford 18,872 37.95
Liberal Michael J. G. Tompkins 4,978 10.01
Majority 7,005 14.09
Turnout 73.15
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Meredith Temple 21,673 46.05
Labour John Crawford 18,870 40.10
Liberal Peter James Samuel 6,516 13.85
Majority 2,803 5.96
Turnout 78.05
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Meredith Temple 23,172 48.82
Labour Anthony Bernard Blond 16,708 35.20
Liberal Peter James Samuel 7,583 15.98
Majority 6,464 13.62
Turnout 79.56
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Meredith Temple 27,847 61.42
Labour Lewis Carter-Jones 17,492 38.58
Majority 10,355 22.84
Turnout 78.69
Conservative hold Swing
City of Chester by-election, 1956
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Meredith Temple 21,137 51.72 -4.94
Labour Lewis Carter-Jones 14,789 36.19 +4.56
Liberal John Desmond Seys-Llewellyn 4,942 12.09 +0.38
Majority 6,348
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Basil Edward Nield 24,905 56.66
Labour John McKay Forrester 13,903 31.63
Liberal John Desmond Seys-Llewellyn 5,145 11.71
Majority 11,002 25.03 -
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Basil Edward Nield 26,743 58.52
Labour John G. Hughes 18,958 41.48
Majority 7,785 17.03
Turnout 82.57
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Basil Edward Nield 23,660 51.41
Labour Campbell McKinnon 16,021 34.81
Liberal Arthur Harvey Willitt 6,342 13.78
Majority 7,639 16.60
Turnout 83.88
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Basil Edward Nield 19,064 50.33 n/a
Labour D. M. Hopkinson 13,585 35.87 n/a
Liberal Ashwood Everett Jones 5,229 13.80 n/a
Majority 5,479 14.46 n/a
Turnout 72.14 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
City of Chester by-election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Basil Edward Nield Unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Charles William Cayzer 16,882 50.37
Liberal Emlyn Hugh Garner Evans 10,183 30.38
Labour Miss Agnes Lois Bulley 6,450 19.25
Majority 6,699 19.99
Turnout 77.86
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: City of Chester
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Charles William Cayzer 18,174 51.73
Liberal Aubrey Herbert 11,770 33.50
Labour Joseph Lewis 5,186 14.76
Majority 6,404 18.23
Turnout 85.77
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Chester [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Charles William Cayzer 13,454 41.3 -11.9
Liberal Aubrey Herbert 13,292 40.8 +17.2
Labour W. Herron 5,846 17.9 -5.3
Majority 162 0.5 -29.1
Turnout 82.3 +0.4
Unionist hold Swing -14.5
General Election 1924: Chester [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Charles William Cayzer 12,491 53.2
Liberal William Craven Llewelyn 5,538 23.6
Labour George Beardsworth 5,451 23.2 -3.1
Majority 6,953 29.6 +12.5
Turnout 81.9
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Chester [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Charles William Cayzer 9,985 45.4 -8.7
Liberal William Craven Llewelyn 6,212 28.3 +7.0
Labour George Muff 5,773 26.3 +1.7
Majority 3,773 17.1 -15.7
Turnout 78.6 -2.6
Unionist hold Swing -7.9
General Election 1922 : Chester [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Charles William Cayzer 11,938 54.1 -2.2
Labour George Muff 5,414 24.6
Liberal Joseph Banks 4,688 21.3
Majority 6,524 29.5
Turnout 81.2 +16.0
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Sir Owen Philipps
General Election 1918: Chester [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 10,043 56.3
Liberal Edward Paul 4,993 28.0
Labour Arthur Mason 2,799 15.7
Majority 5,050 28.3
Turnout 65.2
Unionist hold Swing
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Alfred Mond
General Election 1906[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Moritz Mond 3,524 50.3 +6.5
Conservative Robert Armstrong Yerburgh 3,477 49.7 -6.5
Majority 47 0.6 13.0
Turnout 88.4 +7.4
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.5

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "City of Chester: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ The Chester district and its constituent wards were abolished on 1 April 2009, when they became part of the new unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester; however, the boundaries of the parliamentary constituency remain fixed according to the wards in operation at 12 April 2005.
  4. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, S.I. 2007/1681.
  5. ^ http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/smith-sir-lawrence-1516-82
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  7. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  8. ^ "Chester 1660-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Chester, City of". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  12. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/election2010/results/constituency/b12.stm
  13. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  21. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  22. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  23. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  24. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  25. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 53°10′N 2°55′W / 53.167°N 2.917°W / 53.167; -2.917