City of Culture of Galicia
The City of Culture of Galicia (Galician: Cidade da Cultura de Galicia or simply Cidade da Cultura) is a complex of cultural buildings in Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, designed by a group of architects led by Peter Eisenman. Construction is challenging and expensive as the design of the buildings involves high degree contours, meant to make the buildings look like rolling hills. Nearly every window of the thousands that are part of the external façade has its own custom shape. In 2013 it was announced that after more than a decade, construction of the project would be halted. The International Art Center and Music and Scenic Arts Center will not be built.
In February 1999 the Parliament of Galicia held an international design competition for a cultural center on Mount Gaiás. The entrants were Ricardo Bofill, Manuel Gallego Jorreto, Annette Gigon and Mike Guyer, Steven Holl, Rem Koolhaas, Daniel Libeskind, Juan Navarro Baldeweg, Jean Nouvel, Dominique Perrault, Cesar Portela, Santiago Calatrava, who later withdrew his proposal, and Eisenman, whose proposal was selected for both conceptual uniqueness and exceptional harmony with the place.
The concept of the project is a new peak on Monte Gaiás, made up of a stony crust reminiscent of an archaeological site divided by natural breaks that resemble scallops, the traditional symbol of Compostela.
The building site has also become the base for the development of a public transparency urban experiment by the Spanish architect and artist Andrés Jaque. With Jaque's 12 Actions to Make the Cidade da Cultura Transparent, the building site was equipped with devices that make the political implications and ecological extension of the construction works understandable for the general public. The public toilets had no toilet roll.
The project has more than doubled its original budget and has not attracted significant numbers of visitors (becoming a white elephant for subsequent governments and taxpayers). Construction of the final two planned buildings was stopped in 2012 and terminated definitively in March 2013 due to the high cost overruns.
- Build It Bigger, Discovery Channel. 2007
- Codex: The City of Culture of Galicia. Eisenman Architects. Monacelli Press 2005.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cidade da Cultura.|
- Official project webpage
- Spain's extravagant City of Culture opens amid criticism. 2011-01-11
- Article discussing the decision to stop the project (Spanish)
- BBC Spain in crisis: Broken visions dot Galicia's landscape
- Official Government presentation
- Fragments of a program critic about the spending on Cidade da Cultura: Part 1 (11:28)(Same fragment, Entering the CC (first 5:40)), Part 2 (13:38)