City of Glen Eira

Coordinates: 37°44′S 145°03′E / 37.733°S 145.050°E / -37.733; 145.050
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City of Glen Eira
Victoria
Population153,858 (2018)[1] (50th)
 • Density3,950/km2 (10,220/sq mi)
Established1994
Area39 km2 (15.1 sq mi)[1]
MayorAnne-Marie Cade
Council seatCaulfield
RegionGreater Melbourne
State electorate(s)
Federal division(s)
WebsiteCity of Glen Eira
LGAs around City of Glen Eira:
Port Phillip Stonnington Monash
Port Phillip City of Glen Eira Monash
Bayside Kingston Kingston
Glen Eira Town Hall in Caulfield

The City of Glen Eira is a local government area in Victoria, Australia. It is located in the south-eastern suburbs of Melbourne. It has an area of 39 square kilometres (15.06 sq mi) and has an estimated population of 153,858[1] (51.6% female and 48.4% male).[2]

The local government area was formed in 1994 from the merger of the City of Caulfield and parts of the City of Moorabbin, and takes its name from two local landmarks—Glen Eira Road and Glen Eira Mansion.[3] The local government area was originally planned to be named "City of Gardiner" from the merger of City of Caulfield and parts of the City of Malvern.[4]

Townships and localities[edit]

The city had a population of 148,908 at the 2021 census, up from 140,875 at the 2016 census.[5]

Population
Locality 2016 2021
Bentleigh 16,153 17,921
Bentleigh East 27,635 30,159
Brighton East^ 15,998 16,757
Carnegie 17,388 17,909
Caulfield 5,595 5,748
Caulfield East 1,584 1,293
Caulfield North 15,269 16,903
Caulfield South 11,854 12,328
Elsternwick 10,349 10,887
Gardenvale 1,006 1,019
Glen Huntly 5,040 4,905
McKinnon 6,064 6,878
Murrumbeena 9,926 9,996
Ormond 8,417 8,328
St Kilda East^ 13,101 12,571

^ - Territory divided with another LGA

Demographics[edit]

Ages[edit]

The median age for Glen Eira residents is 37 years. Children 0–14 years make up 18.0% of the population, 15 to 19 years 5.4%, 20 to 64 61.9% and those 65 years and over 14.7%.[6]

Registered marital status[edit]

Of people in Glen Eira aged 15 years and over, 49.6% are married, 35.1% have never married and 9.1% are divorced or separated.[6]

Country of birth[edit]

The country of birth for City of Glen Eira residents includes Australia 60.3%, India 3.8%, China 3.2%, England 2.8%, South Africa 2.3% and Greece 1.7%.[6]

Religion[edit]

The City of Glen Eira includes a large Jewish community in Elsternwick, St Kilda East and Caulfield. At the 2011 Census 54.9% of all Victorians who gave Judaism as their religion were living in Glen Eira. The major responses were No Religion 22.9%, Catholicism 20.1%, Judaism 18.9%, Anglican 8.4% and Eastern Orthodox 6.6%.[6]

Geographic distribution of the Jewish population of Australia (by reported religious affiliation, or by ancestry if no other religion is reported), by Statistical Areas 1 (SA1)[7]

History[edit]

This area was originally occupied by the Boonwurrung/Bunurong and Wurundjeri Woi Wurrung peoples, Indigenous Australians of the Eastern Kulin nation, who spoke variations of the Boonwurrung and Woiwurrung language groups respectively.[8]

Settlement[edit]

Victoria was proclaimed a separate colony in 1851.

East St Kilda commenced to be settled in the 1850s. The area of Glen Eira was once swamps, with farms in the northern area and market gardens in the south. Dirt tracks wound through the swamps and sandy heaths of the district. They were constantly damaged by farmers' cart wheels, creating dangerous holes and making access difficult.

In 1853 the Victorian Parliament passed an Act to give authority to locally elected people to extract rates from residents in order to finance road construction. Residents lobbied for a roads district to be proclaimed to ensure that roads were maintained and passable. Caulfield's organised communal existence began as a District Roads Board in 1857 and the first Caulfield Roads Board was elected in November 1857. It had control over the roads in an area bounded by Warrigal Road, Hotham Street, Dandenong Road, North Road and Brighton Road. The proclamation of the Caulfield Roads Board tied the name 'Caulfield' to a specific area.

Moorabbin became a Roads Board in 1862. The board's boundaries extended from the outskirts of Brighton and south-east along both sides of the Nepean Road as far as Mordialloc Creek, taking in the coastal areas now known as Hampton, Sandringham, Beaumaris and Mentone.

Caulfield became a Shire in 1871 and a City in 1913; Moorabbin became a Shire in 1874 and a City in 1934.

The first railway link to the area was at Caulfield and Carnegie railway stations, which opened in 1879, to be followed in 1881 by Glen Huntly and Ormond railway stations.

For the first 25 years of Caulfield's municipal life, board/shire members met in "Mood Kee", the house of Cr Harold Pennington. He was paid 10 pounds a year to cover the cost of candles, fuel and the room. The annual general meeting was held in a tent in the backyard. The Caulfield Town Hall (now the Glen Eira Town Hall) was built in 1885. The building was modified several times to meet the growing demands of the municipality, as was Moorabbin Town Hall.

Moorabbin, part of the earliest development of Melbourne, began as an outpost of "Dendy's Brighton" and took shape as a market garden area along what was Arthur's Seat Road, now the Nepean Highway. For more than a century, the sandy soil of Moorabbin provided metropolitan Melbourne with much of its fruit and vegetables.

After World War II, Moorabbin became one of the first 'boom suburbs'. By the 1950s, along with the Sydney suburb of Bankstown, it became the fastest growing municipality in Australia.

Road conditions were just one of the major challenges to face the elected bodies in a developing area. As the farms and market gardens gave way to housing and the district's population grew, street lighting (originally gas), drainage, sewerage, rubbish collection, tips and other services were provided.

Today, the City of Glen Eira is an established area. Glen Eira City Council is responsible for maintaining an ageing infrastructure and strives to update with works on roads, drains and footpaths.

Public health issues have always been a key part of Council's activities. A clean water supply and sanitary removal of sewage was critical last century because of outbreaks of disease, such as typhoid, diphtheria and scarlet fever. These functions have now been taken by Melbourne Water.

Council has for a long time had a role in controlling the impact of animals on health and well-being. Late last century, Caulfield Council was paying a reward for the heads of rats. Dog registration was instituted in 1865.

Social caring and support roles have continued to grow, from maternal and child health centres – the first opened around 1924 – to providing work for the unemployed during the Depression, digging trenches in Caulfield Park during World War II, setting up welfare funds and operating Meals on Wheels from 1957.

Immunisation services have been provided since the last century. Council libraries began in the district with the Bentleigh Library in July 1961; the Caulfield service followed in 1963.

Providing public open spaces has also been a long tradition. Paddy's Swamp (now Caulfield Park) was set aside as a reserve in the 1880s. Many other sites once used as tips were turned into parks and gardens. Some parks were provided partly to cater for the large crowds at municipal band performances. As involvement in sport developed, so did the reserves' facilities.

Evolution of the city[edit]

  • 1857 Caulfield Road District
  • 1862 Moorabbin Road District
  • 1863 Shire of Caulfield
  • 1874 Shire of Moorabbin
  • 1913 City of Caulfield
  • 1934 City of Moorabbin
  • 1994 City of Glen Eira, by merger of Caulfield and north section of Moorabbin

Names[edit]

Caulfield

The origin of the name of Caulfield is uncertain, however the name seemed to be linked with Baron Caulfeild of Ireland, perhaps through John Caulfield, a pioneer of the colony.

The name 'Caulfield' was in use by 1853, and the early maps always place it somewhere around the racecourse. It was not in general use for the whole area until the proclamation of the Caulfield Road District in 1857.

Moorabbin

The name "Moorabbin" is derived from an Aboriginal word which principally means 'a resting place'. The proper name is probably 'moorooboon', a term used by the tribal group of the area, the Bunurong. The first European settlers may have found 'moorooboon' difficult to pronounce and accordingly corrupted the word for ease of use. The name Moorabbin applied from the earliest days of the Port Phillip settlement and remains today.

Glen Huntly

Glen Huntly is named after a ship, the Glen Huntly, that arrived in Port Phillip in 1840, after setting off from Greenock, Scotland. She was carrying 190 new immigrants, skilled manual labourers who were heading for the new colony settled in Melbourne. Fever, most likely typhoid, struck the ship mid journey and only 50 people survived to reach Port Phillip Bay. The Glen Huntly was forced to land at Little Red Bluff (now Point Ormond) and Victoria's first quarantine station was formed to deal with the crisis. Supplies and provisions were brought down what is now Glen Huntly Road and the small town was formed.

Until recently [when?] Glen Huntly was spelt 'Glenhuntly'. The Council voted to change the spelling of the name of the suburb and of the road that bears the name to bring it to the historical spelling. However, the vote did not affect the spelling of the train station which continues to be spelt 'Glenhuntly'. The section of the Glen Huntly Road/Glenhuntly Road which comes within the boundaries of the City of Port Phillip continued for a time to be spelt 'Glenhuntly Road', but has now been changed to bring it into line with the rest of the road.

Bentleigh

One of Moorabbin's early identities was Thomas Bent, who was simultaneously a Councillor on both Moorabbin and Brighton Councils for more than 40 years, as well becoming a State Member of Parliament and Premier. The suburb of Bentleigh is named after him.

Carnegie

Carnegie was originally called Rosstown, after William Murray Ross, a developer. The name was changed to Carnegie in 1909 in an unsuccessful attempt to secure funds for a library from the philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. The original name lives on in the name of the local hotel, and Rosstown Road. Leila Road is named after Mr Ross's wife, and Grange Road is named after Ross' estate, The Grange, which has since been subdivided and is now suburban housing estates. Carnegie Primary School (No. 2897) was established in 1888 as Rosstown State School.[9] The Carnegie theatre was, in the 1930s, a popular cinema, but has since been converted into offices.

Train network[edit]

Caulfield railway station originally opened on 7 May 1879.

Glen Huntly railway station opened on 19 December 1881 as Glen Huntly Road. It was later renamed to Glen Huntly in 1882 before being renamed Glenhuntly in 1937 and then back to Glen Huntly in 2023.

Ormond railway station opened on 19 December 1881 as North Road. It was later renamed to [Ormond in 1897.

Carnegie railway station opened on 14 May 1879 as Rosstown. It was later renamed to Carnegie in 1909.

Monash University, Caulfield Campus[edit]

Monash University, Caulfield campus was founded as the Caulfield Technical School in 1922. A Junior Technical High School was added in the 1950s, with the Technical School becoming a Senior Technical High School. They separated in 1958 with the junior school absorbed by other technical schools in the area and the senior school became Caulfield Technical College. In the 1970s it became the Caulfield Institute of Technology. In 1982 the Caulfield Institute of Technology amalgamated with the State College of Victoria at Frankston to form the Chisholm Institute of Technology. This Institution merged with Monash University in 1990 and became Monash University, Caulfield campus. [1]

Merger[edit]

In 1994 the local government structure was radically altered. The City of Glen Eira was formed from the City of Caulfield and the northern part of the City of Moorabbin. In March 1997 Glen Eira's first Council was elected by residents and ratepayers.

Sacking of Council - 2004[edit]

In September 2004, the then Minister for Local Government, Candy Broad, was asked to appoint an inspector by the Glen Eira City Council to investigate and report on matters arising out of an internal audit of councillors' expenses. In July 2005, the Inspector of Municipal Administration, Merv Whelan, forwarded a report to the Minister.[10] The key findings portrayed a complete breakdown of communication and behavioural standards within the elected council, although Whelan found the council was well-managed and in a sound financial position because of its CEO and administration. A report in The Age newspaper[11] alleged that several councillors had used their phone entitlements for non-council purposes.

On 11 August 2005, the then Minister sacked the council,[12] and appointed John Lester, the former Chief Commissioner of Darebin City Council and former chair of the Victorian Grants Commission, as Administrator. An election for a new council was held on 26 November 2005 with redrawn ward boundaries.[13] Only one councillor from the previous council, Margaret Esakoff, was re-elected. Three other sacked councillors (Noel Erlich, Veronika Martens and Bob Bury) did run again but failed to get elected into council.

Carbon neutral[edit]

Controversially, in 2009 the City of Glen Eira was one of the few regions in the Melbourne metropolitan area to make the decision not to become carbon neutral, despite most LGA's in Melbourne converting to a cleaner energy contract.[14]

In 2020, Glen passed a motion to declare a climate emergency, and committed to net zero Council carbon emmissions by 2025.[15]

Council[edit]

Glen Eira City Council
Type
Type
Council of the City of Glen Eira

Glen Eira City Council is the third tier of government and deals with services such as waste collection, building permits and approvals, roads, drainage, health services, food safety, parks and gardens, library services, pets, street parking permits and the collection of rates and charges. The Council meets at the Glen Eira Town Hall. Since 2004, the Council area has been divided into three wards (Camden, Rosstown and Tucker), each electing three Councilors.[16] The most recent election took place on 23 October 2020. The current councillors are, in order of election:[17]

Ward Party Councillor Notes
Camden   Independent Sam Parasol
  Independent Simone Zmood
  Independent Labor Jane Karslake
Rosstown   Independent Liberal Margaret Esakoff
  Independent Labor Tony Athanasopoulos
  Greens Sue Pennicuik
Tucker   Independent Anne-Marie Cade
  Independent Labor Jim Magee
  Independent Labor Li Zhang

2020 election results[edit]

2020 Victorian local elections: Glen Eira[18][19]
Party Votes % Seats Change
  Independent 36,297 41.47 4 Increase 1
  Independent Labor 16,474 18.81 3 Steady
  Independent Liberal 11,798 13.47 1 Steady
  Greens 7,846 8.96 1 Steady
  Liberal 5,050 5.76 0 Decrease 1
  Reason 1,390 1.58 0 Steady
  Liberal Democrats 549 0.62 0 Steady
 Turnout 87,531 90.67

Mayors[edit]

Past councillors[edit]

1997–2005 (three wards; preferential voting)[edit]

Jasper Ward[edit]

Year
Councillor Party Councillor Party Councillor Party
1997   Barry Neve Independent   Russell Longmuir Independent 2 councillors (1997−2000)
2000   David Bloom Independent   Rachelle Sapir Independent   Eamonn Walsh Independent
2003   Jamie Hyams Independent   Bob Bury Independent   Margaret Esakoff Independent Liberal

Mackie Ward[edit]

Year
Councillor Party Councillor Party Councillor Party
1997   Veronika Martens Independent   Norman Kennedy Independent 2 councillors (1997−2000)
2000   Rachelle Sapir Independent
2003   Dorothy Marwick Independent

Orrong Ward[edit]

Year
Councillor Party Councillor Party Councillor Party
1997   Alan Grossbard Independent   Noel Erlich Independent 2 councillors (1997−2000)
2000   Dorothy Marwick Independent
2003

2005–2024 (three wards; proportional representation)[edit]

Camden Ward[edit]

Year
Councillor Party Councillor Party Councillor Party
2005   Michael Lipshutz Independent Liberal   Helen Whiteside Liberal   Jacquie Robilliard Independent
2008   Frank Penhalluriack Independent
2010   Cheryl Forge Independent
2012   Mary Delahunty Labor   Thomas Sounness Greens
2016   Joel Silver Liberal   Dan Sztrajt Independent
2020   Sam Parasol Independent   Simone Zmood Independent   David Zyngier Greens
2024   Jane Karslake Labor

Rosstown Ward[edit]

Year
Councillor Party Councillor Party Councillor Party
2005   Margaret Esakoff Independent Liberal   Steven Tang Independent   Rob Spaulding Independent
2008   Neil Piling Independent
2012   Karina Okotel Liberal
2016   Kelvin Ho Liberal
2016   Tony Athanasopoulos Independent Labor   Clare Davey Greens
2020   Neil Piling Independent
2022   Sue Pennicuik Greens

Tucker Ward[edit]

Year
Councillor Party Councillor Party Councillor Party
2005   David Feldman Independent   Nick Staikos Labor   Kate Ashmor Independent
2008   Henry Buch Independent
2008   Jamie Hyams Liberal   Jim Magee Labor
2009   Oscar Lobo Labor
2012
2016   Nina Taylor Labor
2018   Anne-Marie Cade Independent
2020   Li Zhang Labor

Government[edit]

The Goldstein, Higgins, Hotham and Macnamara divisions of the Australian House of Representatives, and the Bentleigh, Caulfield and Oakleigh state electoral districts of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, are partly in the City of Glen Eira. The council area is within the Southern Metropolitan Region for the Victorian Legislative Council.

Public transport[edit]

Glen Eira is well-served by an efficient network of public transport in a mix of trams, trains and buses.

Train lines and stations[edit]

Glen Eira is served by 3 train lines.[20] These are the:

The Frankston line is served by: Caulfield (Zone 1), Glenhuntly (Zone 1), Ormond (Zone 1 & 2), McKinnon (Zone 1 & 2), Bentleigh (Zone 1 & 2) and then by Patterson (Zone 2).

The Pakenham/Cranbourne lines are both served by:Caulfield (Zone 1), Carnegie (Zone 1) and then by Murrumbeena Railway Station (Zone 1).

The Sandringham Line is served by: Elsternwick (Zone 1).

Tram routes[edit]

Schools in the City of Glen Eira[edit]

Government[edit]

  • East Bentleigh Primary School
  • Tucker Road Bentleigh Primary School
  • Bentleigh Secondary College
  • St Peters Primary School
  • Coatesville Primary School
  • Bentleigh West Primary School
  • Valkstone Primary School
  • Glen Eira College
  • Caulfield South Primary School
  • Caulfield Primary School
  • Caulfield Park Community Secondary School
  • Caulfield Junior College
  • Glen Huntly Primary School
  • Carnegie Primary School
  • Ripponlea Primary School
  • McKinnon Secondary College
  • McKinnon Primary School
  • Murrembeena Primary School
  • Ormond Primary School

Private[edit]

Libraries and information[edit]

The city is served by free council run libraries. Library membership is free.

Council public library branches[edit]

  • Bentleigh - 161 Jasper Road, Bentleigh
  • Carnegie - a large suburban library and civic centre, which was built in 2005 - 7 Shepparson Avenue, Carnegie
  • Caulfield - at the City Hall, Corner Glen Eira and Hawthorn Roads, Caulfield
  • Elsternwick - 4 Staniland Grove, Elsternwick

Private libraries open to the public[edit]

  • Kadimah Jewish Cultural Centre and National Library - 7 Selwyn St, Elsternwick
  • Makor Jewish Community Library- 306 Hawthorn Rd, Caulfield [2]

Sister cities[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18: Population Estimates by Local Government Area (ASGS 2018), 2017 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Glen Eira (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 19 December 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ "History and heritage - Glen Eira City Council". Archived from the original on 5 May 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Municipal shake-up". The Age. 9 April 1994. Retrieved 23 April 2023.
  5. ^ "Census | Australian Bureau of Statistics". www.abs.gov.au. 11 January 2023.
  6. ^ a b c d Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 March 2013). "Local Government area Glen Eira 2011 Census, 2011". Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  7. ^ ""Census of Population and Housing - Cultural Diversity, 2016, TableBuilder"". Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).
  8. ^ "Acknowledgement of Country | Glen Eira City Council".
  9. ^ Isabel Couper & Deirdre Lynch, Carnegie Primary School no.2897 The first 100 years 1888-1988 ISBN 0 7316 28314
  10. ^ Whelan, Merv (13 July 2005). Report of investigation into Glen Eira City Council (PDF). Victorian Government Printer. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2006. Retrieved 13 January 2007. (134 pages) - Also available at State Library, Victoria.
  11. ^ Farrah Tomazin and Martin Boulton (12 August 2005). "Council sacked as politics, egos clash". The Age. Retrieved 13 January 2007.
  12. ^ Minister for Local Government (Press release) (11 August 2005). "Administrator Appointed to Glen Eira Council" (PDF). Retrieved 13 January 2007.
  13. ^ Parliament of Victoria (16 August 2005). "Local Government (Further Amendment Bill) 2005 (VIC) - Explanatory Memoranda". Retrieved 13 January 2007.
  14. ^ Riordan, Paul. "Glen Eira against green tide". News. Archived from the original on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
  15. ^ "Climate change - Glen Eira City Council | Glen Eira City Council".
  16. ^ "Councillors". Glen Eira City Council. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  17. ^ "Glen Eira City Council election results 2020". www.vec.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  18. ^ "Glen Eira City Council election results 2020". Victorian Electoral Commission.
  19. ^ "The Liberal Democrats have a strong team of candidates standing for local councils around the state this year". Facebook. Tim Quilty - Libertarian - Northern Victoria.
  20. ^ "Glen Eira Municipality Public Transport Information". Victorian Public Transport Infrastructure and Timetabling Site. Metlink Melbourne. Archived from the original on 27 February 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  21. ^ City of Glen Eira (2007). "Sister City". Archived from the original on 17 September 2006. Retrieved 13 January 2007.

External links[edit]

37°44′S 145°03′E / 37.733°S 145.050°E / -37.733; 145.050