City of Lancaster

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Lancaster
Lancaster skyline
Lancaster skyline
Official logo of Lancaster
Motto(s): 
"Luck to Loyne"
Lancaster shown within Lancashire
Lancaster shown within Lancashire
Coordinates: 54°2′49.2″N 2°48′3.6″W / 54.047000°N 2.801000°W / 54.047000; -2.801000Coordinates: 54°2′49.2″N 2°48′3.6″W / 54.047000°N 2.801000°W / 54.047000; -2.801000
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
RegionNorth West England
Ceremonial county Lancashire
City status14 May 1937
Administrative HQLancaster (Town Hall)
Morecambe (Town Hall)
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district
 • BodyLancaster City Council
 • LeadershipLeader and cabinet
 • ExecutiveGreen / Independent (council NOC)
 • LeaderCaroline Jackson (Green Party)
 • MayorMike Greenall
 • Chief ExecutiveKieran Keane
Area
 • Total222.5 sq mi (576.2 km2)
Area rank78th
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
 • Total146,038
 • Rank146th
 • Density600/sq mi (250/km2)
 • Ethnicity
97.8% white
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode areas
Dialling codes01524 (Lancaster)
015242 (Hornby-with-Farleton)
Vehicle registration prefixP
GSS codeE07000121
NUTS 3 codeUKD44
ONS code30UH
OS grid referenceSD475615
MotorwaysM6
A601(M)
Major railway stationsLancaster (B)
Councillors60
MPsCat Smith (L)
David Morris (C)
Police areaLancashire
Fire serviceLancashire
Ambulance serviceNorth West
Websitewww.lancaster.gov.uk

The City of Lancaster (/ˈlæŋkæstər/[1]) is a local government district of Lancashire, England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district. It is named after its largest settlement, Lancaster, but covers a far larger area, which includes the towns of Morecambe, Heysham, and Carnforth, as well as outlying villages, farms, rural hinterland and (since 1 August 2016) a section of the Yorkshire Dales National Park.[2] The district has a population of 146,038 (mid-2019 est.),[3] and an area of 222.5 square miles (576.2 km2).[4]

The current city boundaries were set as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, and cover an amalgamation of five former local government districts—the municipal boroughs of Lancaster and Morecambe and Heysham, together with the Carnforth Urban District and rural districts of Lancaster and Lunesdale, all from the administrative county of Lancashire.

History[edit]

Government[edit]

Lancaster City Council
Structure
Seats60 councillors[5]
Political groups
Administration (38)
  Green (10)
  Eco-Socialist Independents (5)
  Labour (14)
  Morecambe Bay Independent (9)
Confidence and Supply (2)
  Liberal Democrat (2)
Opposition (20)
  Conservative (13)
  Independent Group (7)
Length of term
4 years
Elections
FPTP
Last election
2019
Next election
2023
Website
www.lancaster.gov.uk

The higher tier of local government is Lancashire County Council. At a lower level, there are many parish councils:[6] See this list of civil parishes in the district.

The district comprises two parliamentary constituencies: Lancaster and Fleetwood, and Morecambe and Lunesdale.[7] Since 2015, Lancaster and Fleetwood has been held by Labour, and Morecambe and Lunesdale has been held by the Conservatives since 2010.

As of September 2021, the composition of the City Council is as follows:[8][9]

Party Councillors
Labour 14
Conservative 12
Green Party 10
Morecambe Bay Independents 9
Independent Group 6
Eco-Socialist Independents 5
Liberal Democrats 2
Independent Independent 1
Vacant seats 1

Elections for all council seats are held every four years. There were elections in 2007,[10] 2011,[11] 2015[12] and 2019. The next election is scheduled for 2023.

Demography[edit]

Lancaster compared
2001 UK Census Lancaster[13] Lancashire[14] England United Kingdom
Total population 133,914 1,134,974 49,138,831 58,789,194
White 97.8% 94.7% 90.9% 92.14%
Asian 0.7% 4.1% 4.6% 3.4%
Black 0.2% 0.2% 2.3% 2%

At the 2011 UK census, the City of Lancaster had a total population of 138,375. Of the 57,822 households in the city, 33.5% were married couples living together, 31.9% were one-person households, 7.8% were co-habiting couples and 10.0% were lone parents.[15] These figures were similar to the national averages.

The population density was 233/km2 (600/sq mi) and for every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Lancaster, 26.7% had no academic qualifications, lower than 28.9% in all of England. The city of Lancaster had a higher proportion of white people than England.[15][16]

Population change[edit]

The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the City of Lancaster has existed as a district since 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that would later be constituent parts of the city.

Population growth in City of Lancaster since 1801
YearPopulation±%
1801 23,818—    
1811 24,842+4.3%
1821 28,374+14.2%
1831 30,987+9.2%
1841 32,998+6.5%
1851 33,437+1.3%
1861 37,943+13.5%
1871 42,450+11.9%
YearPopulation±%
1881 46,956+10.6%
1891 57,577+22.6%
1901 64,617+12.2%
1911 72,538+12.3%
1921 77,409+6.7%
1931 82,622+6.7%
1941 92,752+12.3%
1951 104,126+12.3%
YearPopulation±%
1961 113,083+8.6%
1971 122,820+8.6%
1981 118,599−3.4%
1991 130,022+9.6%
2001 133,914+3.0%
2011 138,375+3.3%
Source: Vision of Britain[17]

Religion[edit]

Lancaster compared
2011 UK Census City of Lancaster[15] Lancashire[18] England
Population 138,375 1,134,974 49,138,831
Christian 65.9% 68.8% 59.4%
Muslim 1.3% 4.8% 5.0%
No religion 24.5% 19.2% 24.7%

At the 2011 UK census, 65.9% of Lancaster's population reported themselves as Christian, 1.3% Muslim, 0.4% Buddhist, 0.3% Hindu, 0.1% Jewish, and 0.1% Sikh. 24.5% had no religion, 0.5% had an alternative religion and 7.1% did not state their religion.[15] The city is covered by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lancaster,[19] and the Church of England Diocese of Blackburn.[20]

Economy[edit]

City of Lancaster compared
2001 UK Census City of Lancaster[21] Lancashire[22] England
Population of working age 97,365 814,434 35,532,091
Full-time employment 33.5% 39.2% 40.8%
Part-time employment 12.7% 12.2% 11.8%
Self employed 7.8% 8.2% 8.3%
Unemployed 3.6% 2.9% 3.3%
Retired 14.9% 15.0% 13.5%

At the United Kingdom Census 2001, the City of Lancaster had 97,365 residents aged 16 to 74. Of these people, 4.0% were students with jobs, 9.6% students without jobs, 5.1% looking after home or family, 6.0% permanently sick or disabled and 2.8% economically inactive for other reasons.[21]

In 2001, of the 55,906 residents of the City of Lancaster in employment, the industry of employment was 16.7% retail and wholesale, 14.2% health and social work, 11.4% education, 11.2% manufacturing, 7.8% property and business services, 6.7% construction, 6.7% hotels and restaurants, 6.5% transport and communications, 5.7% public administration and defence, 2.5% finance, 2.4% energy and water supply, 2.2% agriculture, 0.4% mining, and 5.3% other. This was roughly in line with national figures, although the proportion of jobs in agriculture which was more than the national average of 1.5% and the percentage of people working in finance was below the national average of 4.8%; the proportion of people working in property was well below the national average of 13.2%.[23]

Settlements[edit]

Civil parishes[edit]

City of Lancaster parishes map 2018.svg

Lancaster and Heysham lie within unparished areas.

Twin towns[edit]

[24]

Associate towns[edit]

[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roach, Peter; Hartman, James; Setter, Jane; Jones, Daniel, eds. (2006). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (17th ed.). Cambridge: CUP. ISBN 978-0-521-68086-8.
  2. ^ "Yorkshire Dales National Park: Boundary extension". Archived from the original on 25 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019". Office for National Statistics. 6 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom". Office for National Statistics. 1 February 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Open Council Data UK - compositions councillors parties wards elections".
  6. ^ "Parish Councils". Lancaster City Council. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
  7. ^ "Your MPs". Lancaster City Council. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
  8. ^ "Council structure". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  9. ^ "Your Councillors". committeeadmin.lancaster.gov.uk. 6 September 2021. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  10. ^ "Lancaster City Council Elections - Thursday, 3rd May 2007". Lancaster City Council. 3 May 2007. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Lancaster City Council Elections - Thursday, 5th May 2011". Lancaster City Council. 5 May 2011. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
  12. ^ "Lancaster City Council Elections - Thursday, 7th May 2015". Lancaster City Council. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  13. ^ Lancaster Local Authority ethnic group, Statistics.gov.uk, archived from the original on 4 June 2011, retrieved 26 June 2009
  14. ^ Lancashire Education Authority ethnic group, Statistics.gov.uk, archived from the original on 4 June 2011, retrieved 26 June 2009
  15. ^ a b c d UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Lancaster Local Authority (E07000121)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  16. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – England Country (E92000001)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  17. ^ Lancaster District: total population, Vision of Britain, archived from the original on 22 August 2016, retrieved 26 June 2009
  18. ^ Religion, 2011 Census of Population, Lancashire County Council, archived from the original on 7 March 2016, retrieved 4 March 2016
  19. ^ The Diocese of Lancaster, Lancaster Diocese, archived from the original on 21 June 2009, retrieved 26 June 2009
  20. ^ The Diocese of Blackburn, Blackburn Diocese, archived from the original on 15 April 2009, retrieved 26 June 2009
  21. ^ a b Lancaster Local Authority economic activity, Statistics.gov.uk, archived from the original on 4 June 2011, retrieved 26 June 2009
  22. ^ Lancashire Education Authority economic activity, Statistics.gov.uk, archived from the original on 4 June 2011, retrieved 26 June 2009
  23. ^ Lancaster Local Authority industry of employment, Statistics.gov.uk, archived from the original on 4 June 2011, retrieved 26 June 2009
  24. ^ a b "Twin towns". www.lancaster.gov.uk. Lancaster City Council. Archived from the original on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2017.

External links[edit]