City of Lancaster

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Lancaster
City and Non-metropolitan district
Lancaster skyline
Lancaster skyline
Official logo of Lancaster
Coat of arms of Lancaster City Council
Motto: "Luck to Loyne"
Lancaster shown within Lancashire
Lancaster shown within Lancashire
Coordinates: 54°2′49.2″N 2°48′3.6″W / 54.047000°N 2.801000°W / 54.047000; -2.801000Coordinates: 54°2′49.2″N 2°48′3.6″W / 54.047000°N 2.801000°W / 54.047000; -2.801000
Sovereign state  United Kingdom
Constituent country  England
Region North West England
Ceremonial county  Lancashire
City status 14 May 1937
Administrative HQ Lancaster (Town Hall)
Morecambe (Town Hall)
Government
 • Type Non-metropolitan district
 • Body Lancaster City Council
 • Leadership Leader and cabinet
 • Executive Labour (council NOC)
 • Leader Eileen Blamire (Labour)
 • Mayor Roger Mace
 • Chief Executive Susan Parsonage
Area
 • Total 222.5 sq mi (576.2 km2)
Area rank 79th
Population (mid-2016 est.)
 • Total 143,500
 • Rank 142nd
 • Density 640/sq mi (249/km2)
 • Ethnicity 97.8% white
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
Postcode areas LA (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)
Dialling codes 01524 (Lancaster)
015242 (Hornby-with-Farleton)
Vehicle registration prefix P
GSS code E07000121
NUTS 3 code UKD44
ONS code 30UH
OS grid reference SD475615
Motorways M6
A601(M)
Major railway stations Lancaster (B)
Councillors 60
MPs Cat Smith (L)
David Morris (C)
European Parliament North West England
Police area Lancashire
Fire service Lancashire
Ambulance service North West
Website www.lancaster.gov.uk

The City of Lancaster (/ˈlæŋkæstər/[1]) is a local government district of Lancashire, England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district. It is named after its largest settlement, Lancaster, but covers a far larger area, which includes the towns of Morecambe, Heysham, and Carnforth, as well as outlying villages, farms, rural hinterland and (since 1 August 2016) a section of the Yorkshire Dales National Park.[2] The district has a population of 143,500 (mid-2016 est.),[3] and an area of 222.5 square miles (576.2 km2).[4]

The current city boundaries were set as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, and cover an amalgamation of five former local government districts—the municipal boroughs of Lancaster and Morecambe and Heysham, together with the Carnforth Urban District and rural districts of Lancaster and Lunesdale, all from the administrative county of Lancashire.

History[edit]

Government[edit]

The higher tier of local government is Lancashire County Council. At a lower level, there are many parish councils:[5] See this list of civil parishes in the district.

The district comprises two parliamentary constituencies: Lancaster and Fleetwood, and Morecambe and Lunesdale.[6] In the 2010 General Election both seats were won by the Conservatives. In 2015, Lancaster and Fleetwood was gained by Labour, whilst Morecambe and Lunesdale was retained by the Conservatives.

Following a defection in 2016, the council stood at:[7][8]

  • Labour Party – 30
  • Conservative Party – 19
  • Green Party – 8
  • Morecambe Bay Independent – 2
  • Free Independent – 1

Elections for all council seats are held every four years. There were elections in 2007,[9] 2011[10] and 2015.[11]

Demography[edit]

Lancaster compared
2001 UK Census Lancaster[12] Lancashire[13] England United Kingdom
Total population 133,914 1,134,974 49,138,831 58,789,194
White 97.8% 94.7% 90.9% 92.14%
Asian 0.7% 4.1% 4.6% 3.4%
Black 0.2% 0.2% 2.3% 2%

At the 2011 UK census, the City of Lancaster had a total population of 138,375.[14] Of the 57,822 households in the city, 33.5% were married couples living together, 31.9% were one-person households, 7.8% were co-habiting couples and 10.0% were lone parents. These figures were similar to the national averages.[15]

The population density was 233/km2 (600/sq mi)[16] and for every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Lancaster, 26.7% had no academic qualifications, lower than 28.9% in all of England. The city of Lancaster had a higher proportion of white people than Lancashire and England.[14]

Population change[edit]

The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the City of Lancaster has existed as a district since 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that would later be constituent parts of the city.

Population growth in City of Lancaster since 1801
Year Population ±%
1801 23,818 —    
1811 24,842 +4.3%
1821 28,374 +14.2%
1831 30,987 +9.2%
1841 32,998 +6.5%
1851 33,437 +1.3%
1861 37,943 +13.5%
1871 42,450 +11.9%
Year Population ±%
1881 46,956 +10.6%
1891 57,577 +22.6%
1901 64,617 +12.2%
1911 72,538 +12.3%
1921 77,409 +6.7%
1931 82,622 +6.7%
1941 92,752 +12.3%
1951 104,126 +12.3%
Year Population ±%
1961 113,083 +8.6%
1971 122,820 +8.6%
1981 118,599 −3.4%
1991 130,022 +9.6%
2001 133,914 +3.0%
2011 138,375 +3.3%
Source: Vision of Britain[17]

Religion[edit]

Lancaster compared
2011 UK Census City of Lancaster[14] Lancashire[18] England
Population 138,375 1,134,974 49,138,831
Christian 65.9% 68.8% 59.4%
Muslim 1.3% 4.8% 5.0%
No religion 24.5% 19.2% 24.7%

At the 2011 UK census, 65.9% of Lancaster's population reported themselves as Christian, 1.3% Muslim, 0.4% Buddhist, 0.3% Hindu, 0.1% Jewish, and 0.1% Sikh. 24.5% had no religion, 0.5% had an alternative religion and 7.1% did not state their religion.[14] The city is covered by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lancaster,[19] and the Church of England Diocese of Blackburn.[20]

Economy[edit]

City of Lancaster compared
2001 UK Census City of Lancaster[21] Lancashire[22] England
Population of working age 97,365 814,434 35,532,091
Full-time employment 33.5% 39.2% 40.8%
Part-time employment 12.7% 12.2% 11.8%
Self employed 7.8% 8.2% 8.3%
Unemployed 3.6% 2.9% 3.3%
Retired 14.9% 15.0% 13.5%

At the United Kingdom Census 2001, the City of Lancaster had 97,365 residents aged 16 to 74. Of these people, 4.0% were students with jobs, 9.6% students without jobs, 5.1% looking after home or family, 6.0% permanently sick or disabled and 2.8% economically inactive for other reasons.[21]

In 2001, of the 55,906 residents of the City of Lancaster in employment, the industry of employment was 16.7% retail and wholesale, 14.2% health and social work, 11.4% education, 11.2% manufacturing, 7.8% property and business services, 6.7% construction, 6.7% hotels and restaurants, 6.5% transport and communications, 5.7% public administration and defence, 2.5% finance, 2.4% energy and water supply, 2.2% agriculture, 0.4% mining, and 5.3% other. This was roughly in line with national figures, although the proportion of jobs in agriculture which was more than the national average of 1.5% and the percentage of people working in finance was below the national average of 4.8%; the proportion of people working in property was well below the national average of 13.2%.[23]

Settlements[edit]

Civil parishes[edit]

City of Lancaster parishes map.svg

Lancaster and Heysham lie within unparished areas.

Twin towns[edit]

[24]

Associate towns[edit]

[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roach, Peter; Hartman, James; Setter, Jane; Jones, Daniel, eds. (2006). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (17th ed.). Cambridge: CUP. ISBN 978-0-521-68086-8. 
  2. ^ Yorkshire Dales National Park: Boundary extension
  3. ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2016". Office for National Statistics. 22 June 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom". Office for National Statistics. 1 February 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Parish Councils". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Your MPs". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  7. ^ http://www.thebay.co.uk/news/bay-news/local-news/former-green-city-councillor-explains-reasons-for-labour-defection/
  8. ^ "Council Structure". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Lancaster City Council Elections - Thursday, 3rd May 2007". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "Lancaster City Council Elections - Thursday, 5th May 2011". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Lancaster City Council Elections - Thursday, 7th May 2015". Lancaster City Council. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  12. ^ Lancaster Local Authority ethnic group, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 26 June 2009 
  13. ^ Lancashire Education Authority ethnic group, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 26 June 2009 
  14. ^ a b c d Lancaster Local Authority key statistics, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 23 October 2015 
  15. ^ Lancaster Local Authority household data, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 26 June 2009 
  16. ^ Lancaster Local Authority population density, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 26 June 2009 
  17. ^ Lancaster District: total population, Vision of Britain, retrieved 26 June 2009 
  18. ^ Religion, 2011 Census of Population, Lancashire County Council, retrieved 4 March 2016 
  19. ^ The Diocese of Lancaster, Lancaster Diocese, archived from the original on 21 June 2009, retrieved 26 June 2009 
  20. ^ The Diocese of Blackburn, Blackburn Diocese, retrieved 26 June 2009 
  21. ^ a b Lancaster Local Authority economic activity, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 26 June 2009 
  22. ^ Lancashire Education Authority economic activity, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 26 June 2009 
  23. ^ Lancaster Local Authority industry of employment, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 26 June 2009 
  24. ^ a b "Twin towns". www.lancaster.gov.uk. Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 24 March 2017. 

External links[edit]