City of Lancaster
|City of Lancaster|
|City & non-metropolitan district|
A view over Lancaster
|Motto: "Luck to Loyne"|
Lancaster shown within Lancashire and England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|City status (Lancaster)||1937|
|Non-metropolitan district status||1 April 1974|
|• Governing body||Lancaster City Council|
|• MPs:||David Morris, Cat Smith|
|• Total||222.34 sq mi (575.86 km2)|
|• Ethnicity||97.8% White|
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)|
|OS grid reference||SD475615|
The City of Lancaster (//) is a local government district of Lancashire, England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district. It is named after its largest settlement, Lancaster, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Morecambe, Heysham, and Carnforth, as well as outlying villages, farms and rural hinterland. The city has a population of 138,375, and an area of 222 square miles (575 km2).
The current city boundaries were set as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, and cover an amalgamation of five former local government districts—the municipal boroughs of Lancaster and Morecambe and Heysham, together with the Carnforth Urban District and rural districts of Lancaster and Lunesdale, all from the administrative county of Lancashire.
The district comprises two parliamentary constituencies: Lancaster and Fleetwood and Morecambe and Lunesdale. In the 2010 General Election both seats were won by the Conservatives. In 2015, the former was taken by Labour.
At the May 2014 local by-elections the council stood at:
- Labour Party – 21
- Conservative Party – 15
- Green Party – 10
- Independent Group – 10
- Non-Aligned Independent – 2
- Free Independent – 2
|2001 UK Census||Lancaster||Lancashire||England||United Kingdom|
At the 2001 UK census, the City of Lancaster had a total population of 133,914. Of the 55,839 households in the city, 33.5% were married couples living together, 31.9% were one-person households, 7.8% were co-habiting couples and 10.0% were lone parents. These figures were similar to the national averages.
The population density was 233/km2 (600/sq mi) and for every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Lancaster, 26.7% had no academic qualifications, lower than 28.9% in all of England. The city of Lancaster had a higher proportion of white people than Lancashire and England.
The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the City of Lancaster has existed as a district since 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that would later be constituent parts of the city.
|Population growth in City of Lancaster since 1801|
|Source: Vision of Britain|
|2001 UK Census||City of Lancaster||Lancashire||England|
At the 2001 UK census, 76.3% of Lancaster's population reported themselves as Christian, 0.6% Muslim, 0.3% Buddhist, 0.1% Hindu, 0.1% Jewish, and 0.1% Sikh. 13.6% had no religion, 0.3% had an alternative religion and 8.7% did not state their religion. The city is covered by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lancaster, and the Church of England Diocese of Blackburn.
|City of Lancaster compared|
|2001 UK Census||City of Lancaster||Lancashire||England|
|Population of working age||97,365||814,434||35,532,091|
At the United Kingdom Census 2001, the City of Lancaster had 97,365 residents aged 16 to 74. Of these people, 4.0% were students with jobs, 9.6% students without jobs, 5.1% looking after home or family, 6.0% permanently sick or disabled and 2.8% economically inactive for other reasons.
In 2001, of the 55,906 residents of the City of Lancaster in employment, the industry of employment was 16.7% retail and wholesale, 14.2% health and social work, 11.4% education, 11.2% manufacturing, 7.8% property and business services, 6.7% construction, 6.7% hotels and restaurants, 6.5% transport and communications, 5.7% public administration and defence, 2.5% finance, 2.4% energy and water supply, 2.2% agriculture, 0.4% mining, and 5.3% other. This was roughly in line with national figures,although the proportion of jobs in agriculture which was more than the national average of 1.5% and the percentage of people working in finance and was below the national average of 4.8%; the proportion of people working in property was well below the national average of 13.2%.
- Roach, Peter; Hartman, James; Setter, Jane; Jones, Daniel, eds. (2006). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (17th ed.). Cambridge: CUP. ISBN 978-0-521-68086-8.
- "Parish Councils". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- "Your MPs". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- "Council Structure". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Lancaster City Council Elections - Thursday, 3rd May 2007". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
- "Lancaster City Council Elections - Thursday, 5th May 2011". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
- Lancaster Local Authority ethnic group, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26
- Lancashire Education Authority ethnic group, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26
- Lancaster Local Authority key statistics, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26
- Lancaster Local Authority household data, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26
- Lancaster Local Authority population density, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26
- Lancaster District: total population, Vision of Britain, retrieved 2009-06-26
- Cumbria Education Authority key statistics, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26
- The Diocese of Lancaster, Lancaster Diocese, retrieved 2009-06-26
- The Diocese of Blackburn, Blackburn Diocese, retrieved 2009-06-26
- Lancaster Local Authority economic activity, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26
- Lancashire Education Authority economic activity, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26
- Lancaster Local Authority industry of employment, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26