City of Music (UNESCO)

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UNESCO's City of Music programme is part of the wider Creative Cities Network.

The Network launched in 2004, and has member cities in seven creative fields. The other fields are: Crafts and Folk Art, Design, Film, Gastronomy, Literature, and Media Arts.[1]

Criteria for Cities of Music[edit]

Korenlei and Graslei, Ghent, Belgium

To be approved as a City of Music, cities need to meet a number of criteria set by UNESCO.[2]

Designated UNESCO Cities of Music share similar characteristics:

  • recognised centres of musical creation and activity
  • experience in hosting music festivals and events at a national or international level
  • promotion of the music industry in all its forms
  • music schools, conservatories, academies, and higher education institutions specialised in music
  • informal structures for music education, including amateur choirs and orchestras
  • domestic or international platforms dedicated to particular genres of music and/or music from other countries
  • cultural spaces suited for practicing and listening to music, e.g. open-air auditoriums.

About the cities[edit]

In March 2006, Seville was designated as the first City of Music. Bologna was named approximately two months later.[3]

Seville has a "legendary Flamenco scene," and UNESCO lists Flamenco as an "intangible cultural heritage."[4]

Hamamatsu is the founding city of musical instrument companies Yamaha, Kawai, and Roland. It has also an Museum of Musical Instruments.[5]

Liverpool—"the city that spawned The Beatles"—earned its designation due to music's "place in the heart of the city's life." UNESCO also noted a "clearly defined" music, education, and skills strategy for young people.[6]

Idanha-a-Nova "lives by the rhythm of music," Ghent is a "city full of culture," and Auckland is the "beating heart of New Zealand's music industry."[7][8][9]

Adelaide is "sophisticated, cultured, and neat-casual," Daegu is a "pleasant and progressive place," and Leiria is an "agreeable mixture of medieval and modern."[10][11][12]

Cities of Music[edit]

The Cavern Club, Liverpool, England

As of 2019, forty-seven Cities of Music have been designated by UNESCO.

Nineteen of the participating cities are European, ten are Asian and Middle Eastern. South America and North America each have six, Africa has four, and two have been designated in Oceania.

Seven countries have two member cities. Colombia and Portugal are the only countries to have three designated cities.

The Cities of Music are:

City Country Year of Inscription
Adelaide  Australia 2015[13]
Almaty  Kazakhstan 2017[14]
Amarante  Portugal 2017[15]
Ambon  Indonesia 2019[16]
Auckland  New Zealand 2017[17]
Belfast  United Kingdom 2021
Bogotá  Colombia 2012[18]
Bologna  Italy 2006[19]
Brazzaville  Congo 2013[20]
Brno  Czech Republic 2017[21]
Chennai  India 2017[22]
Daegu  Korea Republic 2017[23]
Essaouira  Morocco 2019[24]
Frutillar  Chile 2017[25]
Ghent  Belgium 2009[26]
Glasgow  United Kingdom 2008[27]
Hamamatsu  Japan 2014[28]
Hanover  Germany 2014[29]
Havana  Cuba 2019[30]
Idanha-a-Nova  Portugal 2015[31]
Kansas City  United States 2017[32]
Katowice  Poland 2015[33]
Kazan  Russia 2019[34]
Kingston  Jamaica 2015[35]
Kinshasa  Democratic Republic of Congo 2015[36]
Kırşehir  Turkey 2019[37]
Leiria  Portugal 2019[38]
Llíria  Spain 2019[39]
London  Canada 2021[40]
Liverpool  United Kingdom 2015[41]
Mannheim  Germany 2014[42]
Medellín  Colombia 2015[43]
Metz  France 2019[44]
Morelia  Mexico 2017[45]
Norrköping  Sweden 2017[46]
Pesaro  Italy 2017[47]
Port of Spain  Trinidad and Tobago 2019[48]
Praia  Cape Verde 2017[49]
Ramallah  Palestine 2019[50]
Salvador  Brazil 2015[51]
Sanandaj  Iran 2019[52]
Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic 2019[53]
Seville  Spain 2006[54]
Tallinn  Estonia 2021[55]
Tongyeong  Korea Republic 2015[56]
Valledupar  Colombia 2019[57]
Valparaíso  Chile 2019[58]
Varanasi  India 2015[59]
Veszprém  Hungary 2019[60]
Vranje  Serbia 2019[61]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities Join the UNESCO Creative Cities Network".
  2. ^ "The Creative Cities Network" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  3. ^ "UNESCO's Cities of Music". 22 September 2014.
  4. ^ "Seville's Legendary Flamenco Scene".
  5. ^ "Hamamatsu".
  6. ^ "Liverpool receives 'City of Music' honour from UNESCO". BBC News. 12 December 2015.
  7. ^ "Idanha-a-Nova".
  8. ^ "Ghent".
  9. ^ "Auckland".
  10. ^ "Adelaide".
  11. ^ "Daegu".
  12. ^ "Leiria".
  13. ^ "Adelaide".
  14. ^ "Almaty".
  15. ^ "Amarante".
  16. ^ "Ambon".
  17. ^ "Auckland".
  18. ^ "Bogotá".
  19. ^ "Bologna".
  20. ^ "Brazzaville".
  21. ^ "Brno".
  22. ^ "Chennai".
  23. ^ "Daegu".
  24. ^ "Essaouira".
  25. ^ "Frutillar".
  26. ^ "Ghent".
  27. ^ "Glasgow".
  28. ^ "Hamamatsu".
  29. ^ "Hanover".
  30. ^ "Havana".
  31. ^ "Idanha-a-Nova".
  32. ^ "Kansas City".
  33. ^ "Katowice".
  34. ^ "Kazan".
  35. ^ "Kingston".
  36. ^ "Kinshasa".
  37. ^ "Kırşehir".
  38. ^ "Leiria".
  39. ^ "Llíria".
  40. ^ "London, Ont. Is Canada's first UNESCO City of Music". 8 November 2021.
  41. ^ "Liverpool".
  42. ^ "Mannheim".
  43. ^ "Medellín".
  44. ^ "Metz".
  45. ^ "Morelia".
  46. ^ "Norrköping".
  47. ^ "Pesaro".
  48. ^ "Port of Spain".
  49. ^ "Praia".
  50. ^ "Ramallah".
  51. ^ "Salvador".
  52. ^ "Sanandaj".
  53. ^ "Santo Domingo".
  54. ^ "Seville".
  55. ^ "Tallinn".
  56. ^ "Tongyeong".
  57. ^ "Valledupar".
  58. ^ "Valparaíso".
  59. ^ "Varanasi".
  60. ^ "Veszprém".
  61. ^ "Vranje".

Belfast: https://en.unesco.org/creative-cities/belfast