Schleswig, Schleswig-Holstein

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St. Peter's Cathedral
St. Peter's Cathedral
Coat of arms of Schleswig Slesvig
Coat of arms
Schleswig Slesvig is located in Germany
Schleswig Slesvig
Location of Schleswig
Slesvig within Schleswig-Flensburg district
Schleswig in SL.PNG
Coordinates: 54°31′05″N 9°34′13″E / 54.51806°N 9.57028°E / 54.51806; 9.57028Coordinates: 54°31′05″N 9°34′13″E / 54.51806°N 9.57028°E / 54.51806; 9.57028
 • MayorArthur Christiansen
 • Total24.3 km2 (9.4 sq mi)
Elevation1 m (3 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total24,773
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes24837
Dialling codes04621
Vehicle registrationSL

Schleswig (German pronunciation: [ˈʃleːsvɪç]; Danish: Slesvig; South Jutlandic: Sljasvig; archaic English: Sleswick; Low German: Sleswig) is a town in the northeastern part of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is the capital of the Kreis (district) Schleswig-Flensburg. It has a population of about 27,000, the main industries being leather and food processing. It takes its name from the Schlei, an inlet of the Baltic sea at the end of which it sits, and vik or vig which means “bay” in Old Norse and Danish. Schleswig or Slesvig therefore means “bay of the Schlei”.


Map of Schleswig / Slesvig

The city lies at the western end of the Schlei Förde, which separates the two peninsulas of Angeln and Schwansen, and is on the western edge of the Schleswig-Holstein Uplands on the transition to the Geest country. The urban area ranges from 0 to 20 m (66 ft) above sea level. Brautsee (lake) is in the town.

The nearest major cities are Flensburg, Husum and Kiel. Autobahn 7 runs immediately west of the city. Highways 76 and 77 end in Schleswig and B 201 runs to the north of the town. Schleswig station is a stop for InterCity and Intercity-Express trains and is on the Hamburg–Neumünster–Flensburg and Husum–Kiel lines.


The climate is humid and maritime. The annual mean temperature is 8 °C and precipitation averages 925 mm.


Schleswig in 1600

The Viking settlement of Hedeby, located south of the modern town, was first mentioned in 804. It was a powerful settlement in the Baltic region, dominating the area for more than 200 years. In 1050, following several destructions, the population was moved to the opposite shore of the Schlei, becoming the city of Schleswig. In 1066 Hedeby was finally destroyed, and Schleswig remained as a part of the Danish kingdom.

In 1544, Gottorf Castle became the residence of the local rulers. The dukes of Gottorf were vassals of the Danish kings and ruled over much of present-day Schleswig-Holstein. In 1721, when the Great Northern War ended, the dukes of Gottorf lost their power and their land became Danish crown land. After the Second Schleswig War (1864), Schleswig was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia.


Neuwerk garden with the Globushaus and Gottorf Castle in the background

Notable residents[edit]

Princess Louise Caroline
Herman Wilhelm Bissen
Bernhard-Hermann Ramcke
Ralf Rothmann
Jan Ingwer Callsen-Bracker

Up to 1850[edit]

1850 to date[edit]



  1. ^ "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2016] (XLS-file)". Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein (in German).
  2. ^ "Climate Statistics for Schleswig, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany". Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  3. ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 6, Christian III. retrieved 23 March 2018
  4. ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 5, Calixtus, Georg retrieved 23 March 2018
  5. ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 1, Adolphus Frederick retrieved 23 March 2018
  6. ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 5, Carstens, Armus Jacob retrieved 23 March 2018
  7. ^ The Dictionary of Australasian Biography, Krichauff, Hon. Friedrich Edouard Heinrich Wulf retrieved 23 March 2018

External links[edit]