City of Whittlesea
|City of Whittlesea|
|Population||223,322 (2018) (21st)|
|• Density||456/km2 (1,180/sq mi)|
|Area||490 km2 (189.2 sq mi)|
|Council seat||South Morang|
|Region||NE Metropolitan Melbourne|
|State electorate(s)||Bundoora, Mill Park, Thomastown, Yan Yean|
|Federal division(s)||McEwen, Scullin|
|Website||City of Whittlesea|
The City of Whittlesea is a local government area located in the outer northern suburbs of Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, Australia. The city covers an area of 490 square kilometres (189.2 sq mi), and in June 2018, it had a population of 223,322.
What became the City of Whittlesea had its origins in two separate districts. The first, Whittlesea, was incorporated on 12 December 1862 and became a Shire in 1874. The second, Epping, was incorporated on 25 July 1864, became the Shire of Darebin on 7 October 1870 and was renamed back to Shire of Epping on 22 March 1894. The two merged on 1 October 1915 as part of a restructuring of local government outside the metropolitan area in Victoria.
On 31 May 1955, parts of the City of Broadmeadows were annexed to Whittlesea and the neighbouring Shire of Bulla. The population grew rapidly as urbanisation reached the southern end of the shire. In 1979 an internal redistribution took place creating the four ridings based on population and on 30 March 1988 it was proclaimed by the Governor of Victoria as a City, effective from 15 April. Until amalgamation, the City was 598.3 square kilometres (231.0 sq mi) in size.
On 15 December 1994, massive local government reform once again affected Whittlesea's boundaries, although unlike most, the City survived largely intact. 18% of its land area was ceded to entities created in 1994 – the Doreen and Arthurs Creek districts were lost to the new Shire of Nillumbik, while Kinglake West went to Shire of Murrindindi and Somerton to the City of Hume.
Until April 1993, the council met at the Shire Office at High Street and Houston Street, Epping, next to the primary school. In that month, it moved to its present headquarters in Ferres Boulevard, South Morang. The original premises in Epping is now a council depot.
The City of Whittlesea is a culturally diverse community with the 2011 Census recording that 38.3% of residents were born overseas.
Whittlesea 2040 is a long term vision for the City and guides the Council's work and future partnerships with the community and others.
History of the main suburbs
The traditional owners of the land now known as Bundoora were probably the Wurundjeri-willam clan. Bundoora was named after Keelbundoora, which was the name of the parish (land) where Bundoora exists today. Keelbundoora was also the name of the young boy present at the signing of the Batman treaty, a historic land agreement made by European settler, John Batman with the Aboriginal people of Melbourne in 1835. The treaty was later ruled invalid by the government of the day. Only a small part of Bundoora is within the City of Whittlesea boundary, the rest of the suburb is served by Darebin City Council and Banyule City Council.
Lalor was established in 1947. Lalor was originally the home of a low-cost housing project that provided houses for ex-servicemen returning from World War II. The first primary school opened in 1954.
Legend has it that Thomastown was named after a local settler called Thomas who started a popular market garden in 1848. It was more than likely named after Thomastown in Ireland, a parish and market town in the County of Kilkenny, or a station on the Waterford to Kilkenny Junction railway. Thomastown East Primary school was opened in 1961.
Epping was named after the Epping Forest in Essex, England in 1853. The first hotel opened the same year. The first Catholic school was opened in 1844.
South Morang is named after the Parish (or area) of Morang where the suburb exists today. The first primary school in South Morang was built in 1877 and the suburb has two major parks, Hawkstowe and Plenty Gorge Parklands. The former Whittlesea railway line used to run through South Morang, as in many other suburbs in the municipality.
Whittlesea, as the township came to be called, was named after Whittlesey in England. Close to 1889 a railway from Whittlesea to Melbourne was established to transport goods produced in the region to Melbourne. The railway closed in 1959.
Mill Park was named after Henry "Money" Miller who bred racehorses and conducted a range of dairy and grazing activities at his property named The Findon Hounds and the Findon Harriers Hunt Club until 1930. Residential development began in Mill Park in the 1970s.
This area has grown from a population of 1316 in 2001 to 3430 in 2006, and is anticipated to grow to around 40,000 people at full development. The name Mernda means "young girl" in the local Wurundjeri Aboriginal language. When Mernda was named in 1913 the township consisted of a school, a Methodist church, a store and a railway station. In the early 1900s there were many dairy farms in Mernda that supplied milk to Melbourne.
Historically, Shire of Whittlesea was divided into four ridings, each electing three councillors. When it became a City in 1988, these were converted into wards:
- Centre Ward (formerly Yan Yean Riding, then Central Riding)
- East Ward (formerly Morang Riding, then South East Riding)
- West Ward (formerly Thomastown Riding, then South West Riding)
- North Ward (formerly Whittlesea Riding, then North Riding)
Over a number of elections there have been changes to the number of wards and councillors. In 1994 Whittlesea was re-subdivided into nine wards, each with one councillor. At the 2005 election the Victorian Electoral Commission reviewed the ward boundaries and composition. This resulted in three wards, each electing three councillors.
At the 2012 General Election the three wards were retained, however changes were made to ward boundaries to reflect the municipality's growing population. In total eleven councillors were elected:
- North Ward (3 councillors)
- South-East Ward (4 councillors)
- South-West Ward (4 councillors)
Suburbs and towns
- Beveridge (Shared with the Shire of Mitchell)
- Bundoora (Shared with the Cities of Darebin and Banyule)
- Doreen (Shared with the Shire of Nillumbik)
- Eden Park
- Kinglake West (Shared with the Shires of Murrindindi and Nillumbik)
- Mill Park
- South Morang
- Yan Yean (Shared with the Shire of Nillumbik)
* Estimate in 1958 Victorian Year Book.
After a three-month investigation into administrative and governing issues, on 20 March 2020 the Victorian state government dismissed Whittlesea council and replaced them with three administrators who will govern for four years.
The next elections will not take place till October 2024. The last election, in October 2016, was a general election for the Whittlesea City Council conducted by the Victorian Electoral Commission.
Council is currently led by Chair Administrator Lydia Wilson, supported by Administrators Peita Duncan and Chris Eddy.
There have been 21 mayors of Whittlesea since 1997. The mayor is elected yearly from amongst the elected councillors to serve as leader of the council.
- "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18: Population Estimates by Local Government Area (ASGS 2018), 2017 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
- Victorian Municipal Directory. Arnall & Jackson. 1915. p. 439.
- Victorian Municipal Directory. Brunswick: Arnall & Jackson. 1992. pp. 528–529. Accessed at State Library of Victoria, La Trobe Reading Room.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (1 August 1995). Victorian local government amalgamations 1994–1995: Changes to the Australian Standard Geographical Classification (PDF). Commonwealth of Australia. pp. 7, 10, 12. ISBN 0-642-23117-6. Retrieved 16 December 2007.
- "Australian Bureau of Statistics - Population/People". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- "Whittlesea 2040: A place for all". City of Whittlesea. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- Kenna, Len (1988). In The Beginning There Was Only The Land. Bundoora, Victoria: The Lions Club. p. 14. ISBN 0731623185.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Whittlesea (Local Government Area)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Whittlesea (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- "Parliament dismisses the Council". City of Whittlesea. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
- Jones, Michael Nature's Plenty: a history of the City of Whittlesea, Sydney, N.S.W. Allen & Unwin, 1992 ISBN 1863730761
- Official City of Whittlesea web site
- Knowledge Whittlesea
- Link to Land Victoria interactive maps
- Whittlesea information web site
- Yarra Plenty Regional Library