Ciudad Encantada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ciudad Encantada
09042009 164759 CEC 0091 - WLE Spain 2015.jpg
Rock wall in Ciudad Encantada
Map showing the location of Ciudad Encantada
Map showing the location of Ciudad Encantada
Location of Ciudad Encantada
Location Cuenca, Spain
Coordinates 40°12′29″N 2°0′35″W / 40.20806°N 2.00972°W / 40.20806; -2.00972Coordinates: 40°12′29″N 2°0′35″W / 40.20806°N 2.00972°W / 40.20806; -2.00972
Area 250 acres (100 ha)
Established 1929
A mushroom rock, Ciudad Encantada.

The Ciudad Encantada (English: Enchanted City) is a geological site near the city of Cuenca, in the autonomous community of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain in which the erosive forces of weather and the waters of the nearby Júcar river have formed rocks into distinctive and memorable shapes.[1]

It was declared a Natural Site of National Interest on 11 June 1929.

Origin of the formations[edit]

The rock formations of Ciudad Encantada are karst formations made of limestone and dolomite, which date back to the Cretaceous period, approximately 90 million years ago.[1] Rain falling on the original limestone plateau wore down the porous limestone, leaving behind the more resistant dolomite. Because the dolomite was not always distributed evenly in the original rock, the result was the irregularly eroded shapes that form the Ciudad Encantada.[1]

Shapes of rocks[edit]

The rock formations that have been named include:

  • Mushroom rocks Seta ('Mushroom')
  • Puente ('Bridge')
  • Cara ('Face')
  • Convento ('Convent')
  • El mar de piedra (The stone sea)
  • Teatro ('Theatre')
  • Hipopótamos ('Hippopotami')
  • Amantes ('Lovers')
  • La foca (The seal)
  • La tortuga (the turtle)
  • Los osos (the bears)

Ciudad Encantada in film and television[edit]

Ciudad Encantada appears as a location in the following films:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 100. ISBN 0-89577-087-3. 

External links[edit]