Civic Alliance of Serbia

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Civic Alliance of Serbia
Грађански савез Србије
Leader Vesna Pešić (1992-1999)
Goran Svilanović (1999-2004)
Nataša Mićić (2004-2007)
Founded February 28, 1992 (1992-02-28)
Dissolved April 7, 2007 (2007-04-07)
Merged into Liberal Democratic Party
Ideology Liberalism
Social liberalism
Europeanism
Anti-nationalism
Pacifism
Political position Centre
Colours Orange

Civic Alliance of Serbia (Serbian Cyrillic: Грађански савез Србије, translit. Građanski savez Srbije) was a social liberal party in Serbia.


History[edit]

Known widely by its three-letter acronym in Serbian, GSS was founded and registered in 1992.

In the 1992 election, the party was represented by Ratomir Tanić.[1]

Following the election, the Republican Club led by Nebojša Popov and the Reform Party of Serbia led by Vesna Pešić (Serbian successor to Ante Marković's SFR Yugoslavia-wide Union of Reform Forces party) merged into the party. Both had went in coalition with the League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina.

In 1996 Žarko Korać left GSS with a group of dissidents and formed the Social Democratic Union (SDU).[2]

In late March 2007, Civic Alliance ceased its existence as a distinct political entity when it merged into the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).

Notable members over the years included Goran Svilanović, former Foreign Minister of Serbia and Montenegro, Nataša Mićić, former parliamentary president and acting president of Serbia, Gašo Knezević, former Serbian Minister of Education, and Vesna Pešić, the party founder and longtime leader.

The party had three representatives in the National Assembly of Serbia on the list of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).

The future of the party had been in doubt ever since it split into two wings. One part promoted a merger with Democratic Party, while the other part wanted to continue political existence as an independent party. The December 2004 party congress upheld the decision to remain an independent party and elected Nataša Mićić as the new leader. The party decided to apply for membership of the ELDR and the Liberal International. At its May 2004 council, ELDR, accepted GSS as an affiliate member.

However, GSS merged into Liberal Democratic Party on April 7, 2007.

Presidents of the Civic Alliance of Serbia (1992–2007)[edit]

# President Born-Died Term start Term end
1 Vesna Pešić Flickr - boellstiftung - Vesna Pesic.jpg 1940– 28 February 1992 1 August 1999
2 Goran Svilanović Goran Svilanović.jpg 1963– 1 August 1999 12 December 2004
3 Nataša Mićić Natasa Micic.jpg 1965– 12 December 2004 7 April 2007

Electoral performance[edit]

Parliamentary elections[edit]

Year Popular vote % of popular vote # of seats Seat change Coalitions Government
1992 17,276 0.37%
0 / 250
Steady non-parliamentary
1993 715,564 16.64%
1 / 250
Increase 1 DEPOS opposition
1997 Election boycott
0 / 250
Decrease 1 non-parliamentary
2000 2,402,387 64.09%
9 / 250
Increase 9 DOS government
2003 481,249 12.58%
2 / 250
Decrease 7 With DSDCSDULZS opposition
2007 214,262 5.31%
3 / 250
Increase 1 With LDPSDULSVDHSS opposition

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fischer, Jeffrey; Finn, Daniel; Carlson, Jeffrey (1997). Republic of Serbia: pre-election technical assessment. International Foundation for Electoral Systems. p. 91. 
  2. ^ http://arhiva.glas-javnosti.rs/arhiva/2000/04/15/srpski/P00041403.shtm