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A civic center or civic centre is a prominent land area within a community that is constructed to be its focal point or center. It usually contains one or more dominant public buildings, which may also include a government building. Recently,[when?] the term "civic center" has been used in reference to an entire central business district of a community or a major shopping center in the middle of a community. In this type of civic center, special attention is paid to the way public structures are grouped and landscaped.
In some American cities, a multi-purpose arena is named "Civic Center", for example Columbus Civic Center. Such "civic centers" combine venues for sporting events, theaters, concerts and similar events.
In Australia, Civic Centre is used as a brand of Shopping Centre.
Notable civic centers
- Seattle Center
- Forest Park, St Louis
- Columbus Civic Center
- Miami Civic Center
- Tallahassee Civic Center
- Mid-Hudson Civic Center
- San Francisco Civic Center
- Honolulu Capitol District
- National Mall
- Civic Center, Denver
- Lee County Civic Center, FL
- Florence Civic Center
- Ottawa Civic Centre
- Hartford Civic Center
- Providence Civic Center
- Springfield Civic Center
- Peoria Civic Center
- Richard J. Daley Center, formerly Chicago Civic Center
- Millennium Park
- Cumberland County Civic Center
- Los Angeles Civic Center
- Saint Paul Civic Center
- Evansville Civic Center Complex
- New York City Civic Center
- Federation Square
- Marin County Civic Center
In most cases civic centres in the UK are a focus for local government offices and public service buildings. The Cardiff Civic Centre is probably the oldest and best preserved civic centre in the UK. With the reforms of local government in London in 1965 and across England in anticipation of the implementation of the Redcliffe-Maud Report in 1974, a number of local authorities commissioned new civic centres sometimes funded by disposing of their 19th Century Town Hall buildings. Sir Basil Spence was responsible for designing three of these civic centres:
- Hampstead Civic Centre, which was only partially completed; and of which only the Swiss Cottage Library (1964) still exists.
- Sunderland Civic Centre (1970).
- Kensington and Chelsea Civic Centre (1977).
Other noteworthy civic centres include:
- Barking and Dagenham Civic Centre at Becontree Heath (1937).
- Southampton Civic Centre (1932).
- Newport Civic Centre (main building 1940, clock tower completed 1964).
- Plymouth Civic Centre (1950–1962), Devon, Architect Hector J W Stirling.
- Newcastle Civic Centre (1967).
- Civic Centre, Swansea (opened in 1982 as the County Hall)
- Royal Institutes of British Architects press release - Swiss Cottage Gallery[permanent dead link]
- Visual Arts Data Service - Sunderland Civic Centre Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine
- Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Virtual Museum
- Moseley, Brian (21 February 2013). "Civic Centre". The Encyclopaedia of Plymouth History. Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2015.