From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Civil Guard refers to various policing organisations:
- Civil Guard (Spain): The Spanish gendarmerie
- Civil Guard (Israel): An Israeli volunteer police reserve
Historic Civil Guards now abolished:
- Garde Civique of Belgium: a historic militia maintained until 1914 to maintain civil order and provide support for the regular Belgian Army upon mobilization.
- Civil Guard (Costa Rica): fully merged into the Fuerza Pública
- Civil Guard (Peru), formed as main preventive police force of Peru in 1924, later became General Police which in 1988 merged into new National Police
- Civil Guard (Colombia), created in 1902
- Civil Guard (El Salvador), created in 1867, which then gave way to the National Guard (El Salvador) in 1912.
- Civil Guard (Honduras), a militarized police commanded directly by President Ramón Villeda Morales rather than by the chief of the armed forces created in 1957
- Civil Guard (Panama) (abolished)
- Civil Guard (Philippines), a local gendarmerie organized under the auspices of the Spanish colonial authorities including a contingent of indigenous soldiers. Disbanded after the Spanish–American War of 1898, now being reestablished in the city of Ozamiz . In the Intramuros district of Manila, security forces are dressed in guardia civil uniforms .
- Civil Guard (South Vietnam) merged into the South Vietnamese Popular Force and the South Vietnamese Regional Force
- Gwardya Sibil (Philippine resistance network), a civilian underground network operating during World War II to gather intelligence on the activities of the Japanese invaders.
- Suojeluskunta, a Finnish militia for which "Civil Guard" is one of the many English translations.
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