Civil Human Rights Front

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Civil Human Rights Front
Civil Human Rights Front logo.png
CHRF logo
Formation13 September 2002 (2002-09-13)
Key people
Jimmy Sham Tsz-kit (岑子杰) (Convener)
Icarus Wong Ho-yin (王浩賢)
Yeung Ching-yin (楊政賢)
Andrew Shum Wai-nam (沈偉男)
Website (Cantonese only)
Civil Human Rights Front
Traditional Chinese民間人權陣線
Civil Human Rights Front members protesting in Tsim Sha Tsui on the day of 2008 Summer Olympics torch relay.

Civil Human Rights Front or CHRF (Chinese: 民間人權陣線) is an organisation that focuses on the issues of Hong Kong politics and livelihood, affiliated with almost all pan-democratic camps in Hong Kong. Forty-eight NGOs and political groups have been involved in the organisation as of January 2006. The most well-known event held by the CHRF is the Hong Kong 1 July marches.[1]

Organisational development[edit]

Civil Human Rights Front was founded on 13 September 2002, with the aim to provide a platform consolidating voices and powers from various groups and spectrum of the societies in order to advance the development in the human and civil rights movements.[2]

The initial aim was to focus on the enactment of the legislation of Article 23 of the Basic Law.[3] After the protest in 2003, the organisation started to diversify its mandate, to include issues such as equal opportunities and authorities given to the police.[4]

Since 2017 they have been lobbying the Hong Kong government through the United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process as one of the main Hong Kong UPR Coalition Steering Committee members alongside Justice Centre Hong Kong, PEN Hong Kong, and Hong Kong Watch.

Arrest of Figo Chan[edit]

In April 2020, vice-convener, also known as co-convener of the organisation, Figo Chan, was arrested as part of a crackdown on pro-democracy activists.[5] In May 2020, he appeared before the West Kowloon magistrates’ court and was granted bail. There, he said that "demonstrating is not a crime".[6]

Member organisations[edit]

The following civic organisations and political parties are members of CHRF.[7]


  1. ^ Chan, Ming K.; Lo, Shiu-hing (1 April 2010). The A to Z of the Hong Kong SAR and the Macao SAR. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 97. ISBN 9780810876330. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  2. ^ Kuah, Khun Eng; Guiheux, Gilles (2009). Social Movements in China and Hong Kong: The Expansion of Protest Space. Amsterdam University Press. p. 56. ISBN 9789089641311. Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  3. ^ Lo, Shiu Hing (2008). The Dynamics of Beijing-Hong Kong Relations: A Model for Taiwan?. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 160–161. ISBN 9789622099081. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  4. ^ Civil Human Rights Front Civil Human Rights Front Police Powers Monitoring Group’s Submission to the United Nations Human Rights Committee Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, 11 March 2013
  5. ^ Wong, Rachel (18 April 2020). "15 Hong Kong pro-democracy figures arrested in latest police round up". Hong Kong Free Press. Archived from the original on 22 April 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  6. ^ Zaharia, Marius; Fernandez, Clarence (18 May 2020). "Hong Kong's veteran pro-democracy activists defiant as they hear charges in court". Reuters. Archived from the original on 18 May 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  7. ^ "CHRF member list". 民間人權陣線 (in Cantonese). Archived from the original on 11 November 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.