Civil Police (Brazil)
The Civil Police are agencies of the public administration of the federative units of Brazil, whose function is, in accordance with article 144 of the Federal Constitution of 1988, the exercise of the public security for the preservation of the public order, of the safety of the people and the patrimony.
Each of the states of Brazil has its own "Civil Police Department", which carries out detective work, forensics and criminal investigation, acting as a state bureau of investigation, while the "Military Police" carries out preventive police duties.
It aims at the exercise of functions of judiciary police and the exercise of activities of administrative and security police, which are indispensable to the preservation of the juridical order, to the (promotion of the) harmonic life of the community, and to guarantee citizens' rights and liberty.
The Civil Polices of Brazil had origin in the General Intendancy of Police, created in Rio de Janeiro in 1808.
With the transference of the Portuguese Royal Family to Brazil in 1808, the Police started to be regulated, have structure and important social role.
The Police General Intendancy of the Court and the State of Brazil (Intendência Geral de Polícia da Corte e do Estado do Brasil, in Portuguese) was created by charter of D. João VI on May 10 of that year, centralizing the police attributes of competence belonging to several authorities such as Ouvidor Geral, the alcaydes, the quadrilheiros and the road and assaults captains.
The first Police General Superintendent was Councilor Paulo Fernandes Viana who organized the police administration in Rio de Janeiro city as it used to be in Lisbon.
The Police General Intendancy went through the phase of the Brazilian politic emancipation movement which finally culminated on September 7, 1822.
Civil Police had been gradually developing for all country during the governments Imperial and Republican. Today, the constitutional existence of the Civil Police and its attributions elapse of article 144, IV and 144 § 4°, of the Federal Constitution.
27 Civil Polices in Brazil, one for each State of the federacy exist. They are directed by a Head of Police, chosen amongst the Commission agents of Police of career.
The services of judiciary police are given through the Police stations of Police, agencies that have jurisdiction on small cities or quarters of the great cities.
Basic organic structure
- Police Superior Council
A collegiate organ
Direct assistance of the Police Chief
- Planning and Police Operations Department
- General Office of Police
- Police State Academy
- Police Departments
- Administration Department
- Technical-Scientific Department
Technical-scientific support (in same states, this is a separated organization)
Special Investigations Department, which is the information organ of the states polices, is responsible for the highly complex police investigations; yet as its duty it has the dignitaries safety and the maintenance of the Special Operations Services (CORE, GOE and others) which uses highly trained policemen in dangerous tasks that the Police have to face daily.
The function of Judiciary Police is exercised through the police inquiry, included in the Brazilian prosecution law in order to investigate the penal infractions and their responsibility. When concluded the inquiry is sent to the criminal judge.
- Delegated/Commissioner of Police (Delegado/Comissário)
Agents of the Authority
- Notary of Police (Escrivão)
- Agent, Investigator or Inspector (Agente, Investigador ou Inspetor)
- CSI - Crime Scene Investigator (Perito Criminal)
Note: In several Brazilian states, Police Specialists (Expert Criminal) direct an unattended Police Department, generally called "Scientific Police" or "Technical Police", responsible for criminal expertise at the respective state.
Civil polices of Brazil
- Polícia Civil do Distrito Federal - Brasilia
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Acre
- Polícia Civil do Estado de Alagoas
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Amapá
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Amazonas
- Polícia Civil do Estado da Bahia
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Ceará
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Espírito Santo
- Polícia Civil do Estado de Goiás
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Maranhão
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Mato Grosso
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul
- Polícia Civil do Estado de Minas Gerais
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Pará
- Polícia Civil do Estado da Paraíba
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Paraná
- Polícia Civil do Estado de Pernambuco
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Piauí
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul
- Polícia Civil do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
- Polícia Civil do Estado de Rondônia
- Polícia Civil do Estado de Roraima
- Polícia Civil do Estado de Santa Catarina
- Polícia Civil do Estado de São Paulo
- Polícia Civil do Estado de Sergipe
- Polícia Civil do Estado de Tocantins
- Taurus pistols
- Glock pistols
- Colt pistols
- S&W pistols
- Heckler & Koch MP5
- Colt M16A2
- Heckler & Koch G3
- Civil Police of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil Official web site, in Portuguese
- Civil Police of the Minas Gerais State
- Brazilian Federal Police Official web site, in Portuguese
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