Civil Protection Units

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Civil Protection Units
Yekîneyên Parastina Sivîl (YPS)
Flag of the YPS - Vertical.svg
Flag of the YPS
Active 20 December 2015–present
Country Turkey
Type Light infantry militia
Size unknown
Engagements

Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978-present)

The Civil Protection Units (Kurdish: Yekîneyên Parastina Sivîl‎, pronounced [jɛkinɛjen parastɪna sɪvil]; YPS), also known as Civil Defense Units, is a primarily Kurdish rebel group and main armed force in Northern Kurdistan (Turkey).

History[edit]

It was claimed that the YPS was originally formed on 20 December 2015 by the Kurdish rebels as a version of the YPG in Northern Kurdistan (Turkey).[1][2] The YPS is mainly composed of members of the YDG-H, who have been operating since 2013. The YPS is currently training for conventional urban warfare against the Turkish government;[3][4] previous Kurdish rebel groups have followed predominantly guerilla tactics of warfare, however the new method of warfare seen in the Kurdish-Turkish conflict has led to speculation of civil war in Turkey.[5]

The YPS initially took a defensive posture in the Kurdish-Turkish conflict (1978-present) and has become a major opponent of the Turkish army (TSK) and Turkish government and has co-operated with Kurdish opposition fighters against TSK. Multiple branches of the YPS have been formed in Kurdish districts in Turkey, usually as a result of clashes or curfews imposed by the Turkish government.[6]

YPS-Jin[edit]

Flag of YPS-J

The Civil Protection Units-Women' or Civil Defense Units-Women (Kurdish: Yekîneyên Parastina Sivîl a Jin‎, YPS-Jin)' is a Kurdish militia that was set up in 2016 as the female brigade of the YPS (Yekîneyên Parastina Sivîl, YPS) militia.[7]

Branches[edit]

See also[edit]

Graffiti supporting YPS in Italy

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Turkey: Five Dead After Attack on Police in Kurdish City". Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "#Bakur Revolt". Twitter. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  3. ^ "ANF - Ajansa Nûçeyan a Firatê". Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  4. ^ http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2016/03/turkey-syria-pkk-isis-kobani-tactics-used-in-southeast.html
  5. ^ Chris Kilford More Chris Kilford. "Chris Kilford: Could Turkey be headed towards civil war?". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  6. ^ "ANF - Ajansa Nûçeyan a Firatê". Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "Yaşamak için YPS Jin". Özgür Gündem. 9 January 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  8. ^ "Nusaybin ve Diyarbakır'dan sonra YPS Silopi kuruldu". BestaNûçe Bestanuce.com. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  9. ^ "Silopi YPS kuruluşunu ilan etti". Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  10. ^ "Gever'de direniş sürüyor". BestaNûçe Bestanuce.com. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  11. ^ "Civil Defense Units (YPS) established in Nusaybin". BestaNûçe Bestanuce.com. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  12. ^ "Amed'de YPS birliği ilan edildi". Özgür Gündem. 28 December 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  13. ^ "YPS Sur kuruldu". BestaNûçe Bestanuce.com. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  14. ^ "İdil'de YPS Jin kuruluşunu ilan etti". Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  15. ^ "Şırnak'ta Sivil Savunma Birlikleri (YPS) kuruldu - zernews.net". ZERNEWS - Ortadoğu, Türkiye, KürdistanKürdistan Son Dakika Haberleri - zernews.net. Retrieved 28 January 2016.