Civil War (college football game)

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This article is about the football game. For the general rivalry, see Civil War (college rivalry).
The Civil War
Sport College football
First meeting November 3, 1894 (1894-11-03); 121 years ago
OAC 16, Oregon 0
Latest meeting November 29, 2014
Oregon 47, Oregon State 19
Next meeting November 27, 2015 in Eugene
Trophy Platypus Trophy
Statistics
Meetings total 118
All-time series Oregon leads 62-46-10 (.568)
Largest victory Oregon 44, OAC 0 (1895)
Longest win streak Oregon: 8 (1975–82)
Oregon State: 8 (1964–71)
Current win streak Oregon: 7 (2008–present)
Civil War (college football game) is located in Oregon
University of Oregon
University of Oregon
Oregon State University
Oregon State University
Locations in Oregon

The Civil War is the colloquial name for an American college football rivalry game played annually in Oregon, between the Ducks of the University of Oregon in Eugene and the Beavers of Oregon State University in Corvallis. First played 121 years ago in 1894, it is the fifth most played college football rivalry game in the United States. Both universities are members of the North Division of the Pac-12 Conference.

Series history[edit]

The game was first played in 1894 and has been contested 117 times through 2013, and Oregon holds the series lead of 61-46-10 (.564). The game was not contested in 1900, 1901, 1911, 1943, and 1944 and two games were played in 1896 and 1945. The first reference to the "Civil War" name was in 1929 and came into common use in 1937. Prior to that, it was called the "Oregon Classic" or the "State Championship Game."[1]

The 1922 Civil War game ended with the University of Oregon defeating Oregon Agricultural College (now known as Oregon State University) 10 to 0.

The game is usually played in even-numbered years at the home field of Oregon State in Corvallis (since 1954, Reser Stadium, formerly Parker Stadium) and in odd-numbered years, at the home field of Oregon in Eugene (since 1967, Autzen Stadium). Seven games were played at Multnomah Stadium, (now known as Providence Park) in Portland: in 1908, 1917, 1933, 1934, 1938, 1950, and 1952. In an effort to mitigate rioting, the 1912 and 1913 games were played at a neutral site in Albany following riots after the 1910 game.[2]

From 1997 through 2006 the winner of the game was the home team. The streak was snapped in 2007, when Oregon State beat Oregon at Autzen Stadium 38-31 in double overtime. In 2008, the Ducks returned the favor in Corvallis by beating OSU 65-38. The streak of visiting teams winning was snapped at two games in 2009 when the Ducks won 37-33 in Eugene.

From 1959 to 1961, the Platypus Trophy was awarded to the winning school. The trophy was lost for 40 years and found in 2005, and beginning with the 2007 game, was awarded to the winning school's alumni association.[3]

Other athletic contests (most notably, men's and women's basketball) between the schools are also referred to as Civil War games.

Memorable games[edit]

1933: In a game played before 32,183 spectators at Multnomah Stadium in Portland, both teams came into the game undefeated: the Beavers were 5–0–2 and the Ducks were 7–0. The Beavers scored first, but the rest was all Oregon, with fullback (and future Chicago Cardinal) "Iron Mike" Mikulak rushing for 89 yards on the way to a 13–3 victory. The Ducks won a share of the PCC championship, but Stanford got the bid to the 1934 Rose Bowl.[4]

1957: The Ducks had a 6–1 conference record and the Beavers were 5–2. A Beaver win at Hayward Field would give them a share of the conference title, but since the Beavers had been to the 1957 Rose Bowl, the Pacific Coast Conference's no-repeat rule meant that no matter what, the Ducks were headed for the 1958 Rose Bowl, their first Rose Bowl appearance since 1920. Both teams scored on their first possession, but that ended the scoring until late in the third quarter, when Beaver kicker Ted Searle put Oregon State on top, 10–7. A late fumble by the Ducks' Jim Shanley secured the win—but not the Rose Bowl—for the Beavers.[4][5]

1959: The Ducks came into the game with just one loss. An Oregon win, coupled with a Washington loss, could have earned the Ducks a Rose Bowl invitation. Meanwhile, Oregon State was 2–6, its first losing record in 5 years. The Beavers started shakily, fumbling on their first two possessions and falling behind 7–0 in the first quarter. The rest was all Beavers as they salvaged their season with two touchdowns and a field goal to upset the Ducks, 15–7.[4][6]

1969: With the score tied 7–7 and less than a minute to play, Oregon State placekicker Mike Nehl attempted a 29-yard field goal to put the Beavers ahead. Nehl had already had one field goal blocked and missed one field goal on the day, and this one was blocked by Oregon's Jim Franklin, hit an official, bounced off the foot of Oregon linebacker Don Graham, and was recovered by Oregon State tight end Bill Plumeau at the Duck 4 yard line. Nehl again came on to try his fourth field goal, and this time, connected on a 21-yard kick to give the Beavers a 10–7 win—the sixth on the way to what would be eight straight OSU Civil War wins.[4]

1983: (Main article: 1983 Oregon State vs. Oregon football game) Played during a rainstorm and pitting two mediocre squads against each other, the game ended in a scoreless tie and is commonly known as the "Toilet Bowl" because of the poor quality of play exhibited in the game. There were eleven fumbles, five interceptions, and four missed field goals. It was the last NCAA Division I football game to end in a scoreless tie.[4][7]

1987: Oregon earned the most lopsided victories in the Civil War series, a 44–0 drubbing led by Ducks quarterback Bill Musgrave.[4]

1988: The Beavers had not won a Civil War in 13 years coming into the game, and Oregon head coach Rich Brooks had not lost a Civil War in 21 attempts (18–0–3) as either a Ducks coach or Beavers coach or player. Both streaks ended on this day, with the Beavers posting a solid 21–10 victory that included two fourth-quarter touchdowns.[4]

1994: Oregon needed a win in front of a hostile Parker Stadium crowd to secure a bid to the 1995 Rose Bowl, but they trailed 13–10 in the fourth quarter. Duck quarterback Danny O'Neil took the Ducks on a 70-yard drive that culminated in a 19-yard pass to Dino Philyaw to give them the 17–13 win and their first Rose Bowl in 37 years.[4][8]

1998: Oregon State prevails in double overtime (the first ever overtime Civil War), 44–41. Beaver fans rushed the field after the first overtime after the Ducks failed to score on fourth down, but a pass interference penalty gave the Ducks another chance. It took officials 15 minutes to clear the field, after which the Ducks scored to send the game to a second overtime. The Ducks managed a field goal in their possession, but Beavers running back Ken Simonton scored to give the Beavers an upset win, their fifth win of the season, and their best record since 1971.[1][4]

2000: Oregon came into the game ranked #5 in the country with Oregon State at #8, the first time both teams have been ranked in the top 10 simultaneously. With a win, Oregon would go to the Rose Bowl; the Beavers needed a win to force a tie between the two teams, and keep alive hopes of going to the Rose Bowl. Oregon State won the game 23–13, but was denied a Rose Bowl bid when the University of Washington beat Washington State later the same day. Oregon State was extended an at-large invitation to BCS' Fiesta Bowl.[4]

2001: Oregon came into the game needing only a victory over their arch-rival for the team's first outright Pacific-10 Conference championship since 1994 and a trip to the Fiesta Bowl; the Beavers needed a win to secure a winning season. After OSU initially took a 6–3 lead into halftime, Oregon rallied behind a Keenan Howry punt return for a touchdown to give the Ducks a lead they would not relinquish, amidst a driving rainstorm. Final score: Ducks 17, Beavers 14.[4]

2007: Oregon State wins 38–31 in double overtime at Autzen, the first road team to win the game in 10 attempts. The game featured a blocked Oregon State field goal with 1:01 remaining, followed by a missed Oregon field goal as regulation expired.

2008 Oregon State needed a victory to get a bid to the 2009 Rose Bowl, their first Rose Bowl in 44 years. Instead, Oregon ran away with a 65–38 blowout, setting Civil War records for the most points scored by one team and the most total points scored.

2009: Called the "War for the Roses", because it was the first time the Civil War guaranteed the winner a Rose Bowl berth.[7] In a back-and-forth game, Oregon won, 37–33. The Ducks represented the Pac-10 in the 2010 Rose Bowl, their first appearance since 1995.

2010: Oregon, coming into the game second in the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) standings, needed to win the game to secure a spot in the BCS championship game. Oregon State, at 5–6, needed a win to become bowl eligible. With ESPN's College GameDay staged in Corvallis for the first time, the Ducks won 37–20 to secure a spot against Auburn in the 2011 BCS National Championship Game.

Notable game-related incidents[edit]

1910: Following a 12-0 Oregon victory in Corvallis, fans of both teams began a verbal argument that escalated into exceedingly rowdy behavior as Ducks fans returned to the train station to leave. The UO's public relations department spread stories of Oregon Agricultural College hooliganism to the statewide press, offending students of OAC and causing the rivalry to be suspended for 1911.[9]

1937: After defeating Oregon 14-0 in Corvallis, Oregon State fans had a large rally the next evening that lasted for six hours. Approximately 2,000 Oregon State students decided to caravan the following day to Eugene and have another celebration. State police initially halted the group, then agreed to lead them through the town if they agreed to behave. However, once Oregon students got out of class, the situation escalated with Ducks pelting Beavers with tomatoes and water balloons, some Oregon State students were thrown into the millrace, and other OSU students taken to Skinner Butte, stripped and forced to repaint the "O" hillside letter yellow and slide down the painted surface.[9]

1954: 50-60 UO students infiltrated Corvallis and lit the traditional OSU homecoming bonfire early. While it had been done before, this time OSU students were able to capture 25 UO students and hold them "prisoner".[10] The captured students had their heads shaved, were painted orange and black and some were forced to do menial labor for OSU fraternities. One captured Duck was marched through the OSU campus with a sign that said "I'm a dumb Duck."[9] Meanwhile, the UO raiding party kidnapped a single OSU student and paraded him around the UO campus.[10]

1960: A UO student abducted the OSU homecoming queen from the front of her home in Corvallis. She was returned unharmed thirty minutes later, but before that the OSU student body president received a ransom note demanding he ride a child's scooter to the center of Eugene and make a public appeal for her return.

1972: After a 30-3 UO victory at Corvallis which ended an eight-game win streak in the series by the Beavers, Ducks fans stormed the OSU field to take down goal posts; after taking down the south goalposts, Beavers fans attempted to defend the north goalposts, resulting in a large brawl.[9]

2010: After a 37–20 victory which sent the Ducks to the BCS championship, a group of Duck fans lit on fire a T-shirt saying "I hate your Ducks" over the Beavers logo on the field. The resulting fire caused significant damage to the artificial turf. Police used a photo of the incident from the Portland Tribune to arrest a University of Oregon student and charge him with riot and several misdemeanors.[11]

Game results[edit]

Oregon victories Oregon State victories Tie games
# Date Location Winner Score
1 1894[a] Corvallis, OR Oregon State 16–0
2 1895 Eugene, OR Oregon 44–0
3 1896[b] Eugene, OR Oregon 2–0
4 1896[b] Corvallis, OR Oregon 12–8
5 1897 Eugene, OR Oregon State 26–8
6 1898 Corvallis, OR Oregon 38–0
7 1899 Eugene, OR Oregon 38–0
8 1902 Corvallis, OR Tie 0–0
9 1903 Eugene, OR Oregon 5–0
10 1904 Corvallis, OR Oregon 6–5
11 1905 Eugene, OR Oregon 6–0
12 1906 Corvallis, OR Tie 0–0
13 1907 Eugene, OR Oregon State 4–0
14 1908 Portland, OR Oregon 8–0
15 1909 Eugene, OR Oregon 12–0
16 1910[c][d] Corvallis, OR Oregon 12–0
17 1912[e] Albany, OR Oregon 3–0
18 1913[e] Albany, OR Tie 10–10
19 1914 Corvallis, OR Tie 3–3
20 1915 Eugene, OR Oregon 9–0
21 1916 Corvallis, OR Oregon 27–0
22 1917 Portland, OR Oregon State 14–7
23 1918 Corvallis, OR Oregon 13–6
24 1919[f] Eugene, OR Oregon 9–0
25 1920 Corvallis, OR Tie 0–0
26 1921 Eugene, OR Tie 0–0
27 1922 Corvallis, OR Oregon 10–0
28 1923 Eugene, OR Oregon State 6–0
29 1924 Corvallis, OR Oregon 7–3
30 1925 Eugene, OR Oregon State 24–13
31 1926 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 16–0
32 1927 Eugene, OR Oregon State 21–7
33 1928 Corvallis, OR Oregon 12–0
34 1929 Eugene, OR Oregon 16–0
35 1930 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 15–0
36 1931 Eugene, OR Tie 0–0
37 1932 Corvallis, OR Oregon 12–6
38 1933 Portland, OR Oregon 13–3
39 1934 Portland, OR Oregon 9–6
40 1935 Eugene, OR Oregon 13–0
# Date Location Winner Score
41 1936 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 18–0
42 1937 Eugene, OR Oregon State 14–0
43 1938 Portland, OR Oregon State 14–0
44 1939 Eugene, OR Oregon State 19–14
45 1940 Corvallis, OR Oregon 20–0
46 1941 Eugene, OR Oregon State 12–7
47 1942 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 39–2
48 1945[b] Corvallis, OR Oregon State 19–6
49 1945[b] Eugene, OR Oregon State 13–12
50 1946 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 13–0
51 1947 Eugene, OR Oregon 14–6
52 1948 Corvallis, OR Oregon 10–0
53 1949 Eugene, OR Oregon State 20–10
54 1950 Portland, OR Oregon State 14–2
55 1951 Eugene, OR Oregon State 14–7
56 1952 Portland, OR Oregon State 22–19
57 1953 Eugene, OR Oregon State 7–0
58 1954[g] Corvallis, OR Oregon 33–14
59 1955 Eugene, OR Oregon 28–0
60 1956 Corvallis, OR Tie 14–14
61 1957 Eugene, OR Oregon State 10–7
62 1958 Corvallis, OR Oregon 20–0
63 1959 Eugene, OR Oregon State 15–7
64 1960 Corvallis, OR Tie 14–14
65 1961 Eugene, OR Oregon State 6–2
66 1962 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 20–17
67 1963 Eugene, OR Oregon 31–14
68 1964 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 7–6
69 1965 Eugene, OR Oregon State 19–14
70 1966 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 20–15
71 1967[h] Eugene, OR Oregon State 14–0
72 1968 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 41–19
73 1969 Eugene, OR Oregon State 10–7
74 1970 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 24–9
75 1971 Eugene, OR Oregon State 30–29
76 1972 Corvallis, OR Oregon 30–3
77 1973 Eugene, OR Oregon State 17–14
78 1974 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 35–16
79 1975 Eugene, OR Oregon 14–7
80 1976 Corvallis, OR Oregon 23–14
# Date Location Winner Score
81 1977 Eugene, OR Oregon 28–16
82 1978 Corvallis, OR Oregon 24–3
83 1979 Eugene, OR Oregon 24–3
84 1980 Corvallis, OR Oregon 40–21
85 1981 Eugene, OR Oregon 47–17
86 1982 Corvallis, OR Oregon 7–6
87 1983[i] Eugene, OR Tie 0–0
88 1984 Corvallis, OR Oregon 31–6
89 1985 Eugene, OR Oregon 34–13
90 1986 Corvallis, OR Oregon 49–28
91 1987 Eugene, OR Oregon 44–0
92 1988 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 21–10
93 1989 Eugene, OR Oregon 30–21
94 1990 Corvallis, OR Oregon 6–3
95 1991 Eugene, OR Oregon State 14–3
96 1992 Corvallis, OR Oregon 7–0
97 1993 Eugene, OR Oregon State 15–12
98 1994 Corvallis, OR Oregon 17–13
99 1995 Eugene, OR Oregon 12–10
100 1996 Corvallis, OR Oregon 49–13
101 1997 Eugene, OR Oregon 48–30
102 1998 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 44–412OT
103 1999 Eugene, OR Oregon 25–14
104 2000 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 23–13
105 2001 Eugene, OR Oregon 17–14
106 2002 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 45–24
107 2003 Eugene, OR Oregon 34–20
108 2004 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 50–21
109 2005 Eugene, OR Oregon 56–14
110 2006 Corvallis, OR Oregon State 30–28
111 2007 Eugene, OR Oregon State 38–312OT
112 2008 Corvallis, OR Oregon 65–38
113 2009 Eugene, OR Oregon 37–33
114 2010 Corvallis, OR Oregon 37–20
115 2011 Eugene, OR Oregon 49–21
116 2012 Corvallis, OR Oregon 48–24
117 2013 Eugene, OR Oregon 36–35
118 2014 Corvallis, OR Oregon 47–19
119 2015 Eugene, OR
Series: Oregon leads 62–46–10


Series record sources: College Football Data Warehouse[12]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Up to 1926 known as OAC, Oregon Agricultural College.
    1927-1936 known as OSAC, Oregon State Agricultural College.
    1937-1960 known as OSC, Oregon State College.
    Since 1961 known as OSU, Oregon State University.
  2. ^ a b c d In 1896 and 1945 two games were played.
  3. ^ First Civil War played at Bell Field
  4. ^ Riots during 1910 game resulted in cancellation of 1911 Civil War game
  5. ^ a b 1912 and 1913 games played on neutral field in Albany due to riots at the 1910 Civil War game
  6. ^ First Civil War played at Hayward Field
  7. ^ First Civil War played at Parker Stadium (now Reser Stadium)
  8. ^ First Civil War played at Autzen Stadium
  9. ^ Known colloquially as the "Toilet Bowl"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Edmonston Jr., George. "Up Close and Personal: Greatest Civil War Games". Oregon State Alumni Association. Retrieved 2007-12-21. 
  2. ^ Edmonston Jr., George. "Happy Birthday Parker (Reser) Stadium". Oregon State Alumni Association. Retrieved 2009-08-23. 
  3. ^ "The Passing of the Platypus Trophy". University of Oregon Alumni Association. April 2010. Retrieved November 17, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Binder, Doug (November 22, 2008). "Civil War: The complete game-by-game history". The Oregonian. Retrieved November 29, 2009. 
  5. ^ Hunt, John (November 26, 2009). "Civil War: Rewind 52 years to the biggest game ever in Oregon". The Oregonian. Retrieved November 29, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Oregon State wins from Oregon, 15–7". New York Times. November 22, 1959. Retrieved November 22, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b "In anticipation of the Civil War, a look back at the rivalry between Oregon and Oregon State". Washington Post. November 22, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  8. ^ McCann, Michael C. (1995). Oregon Ducks Football: 100 Years of Glory. Eugene, OR: McCann Communications Corp. ISBN 0-9648244-7-7. 
  9. ^ a b c d Prince, Seth (November 22, 2008). "Civil War: 5 moments that fanned the flames of the rivalry". The Oregonian. Retrieved November 23, 2008. 
  10. ^ a b "Intruders Set Bonfire to Blazing, Pay With Shaved, Daubed Heads". The Oregonian. Associated Press. November 20, 1954. p. 1. 
  11. ^ Wihtol, Christian (December 9, 2010). "Student arrested in burning of shirt on OSU football field". The Register-Guard. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Oregon vs Oregon State". College Football Data Warehouse. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 

External links[edit]