Civitanova Marche

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Civitanova" redirects here. For the municipality of Molise, see Civitanova del Sannio.
Civitanova Marche
Comune
Comune di Civitanova Marche
Palazzo Cesarini-Sforza, the Townhall of Civitanova Marche, decorated for the Christmas feasts
Palazzo Cesarini-Sforza, the Townhall of Civitanova Marche, decorated for the Christmas feasts
Coat of arms of Civitanova Marche
Coat of arms
Civitanova within the Province of Macerata
Civitanova within the Province of Macerata
Civitanova Marche is located in Italy
Civitanova Marche
Civitanova Marche
Location of Civitanova Marche in Italy
Coordinates: 43°18′N 13°44′E / 43.300°N 13.733°E / 43.300; 13.733
Country Italy
Region Marche
Province / Metropolitan city Macerata (MC)
Frazioni Civitanova Alta, Fontespina, Maranello, Risorgimento, San Marone, Santa Maria Apparente
Government
 • Mayor Tommaso Claudio Corvatta (PD)
Area
 • Total 45.8 km2 (17.7 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (31 August 2015)[1]
 • Total 41,395
 • Density 900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Civitanovesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 62012
Dialing code 0733
Patron saint San Marone
Saint day August 18
Website Official website

Civitanova Marche is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Macerata in the Italian region Marche, located about 40 kilometres (25 miles) southeast of Ancona and about 25 km (16 mi) east of Macerata.

History[edit]

View of the bayside of Civitanova Marche.

Civitanova was founded probably around the 8th century BC as Cluana by the Piceni Italic tribe, at the mouth of the Chienti river. The Romans captured it in 268 BC, and, in 50 AD, founded a new settlement, Cluentis Vicus (the current frazione of Civitanova Alta) on a hill near the sea. During the Barbaric invasion, old Cluana was destroyed by the Visigoths and much of the population took refuge in the Vicus.

In the Middle Ages it was under the Aldonesi, da Varano, Malatesta, Sforza and Visconti. In 1440, under Francesco Sforza, a new line of walls was built, while a fortress was erected to protect the port. The city, attacked by Turk pirates and struck by inner feuds and by the plague, started to decay from the 16th century. In 1551 pope Julius III ceded it to the Cesarini family. Made Dukes by pope Sixtus V, the Cesarini enlarged the town with new walls, roads and palazzi, although the population's conditions remained generally miserable. Civitanova had 6,057 inhabitants in 1782.

After the Italian unification, Porto Civitanova and Civitanova Alta became a single commune in 1938. It is now a renowned vacation resort.

Churches[edit]

Geography[edit]

Civitanova Marche borders the municipalities: Montecosaro, Porto Sant'Elpidio, Potenza Picena and Sant'Elpidio a Mare.[2] It counts the hamlets (frazioni) of Civitanova Alta, Fontespina, Maranello, Risorgimento, San Marone and Santa Maria Apparente.

Demographics[edit]

Gallery[edit]

San Marone church 
Villa Conti 

International relations[edit]

Civitanova Marche is twinned with:[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ 42402 (x a j h) Civitanova Marche on OpenStreetMap
  3. ^ a b c d e "Civitanova Marche - Twin Towns". © 2008 Comune di CIVITANOVA MARCHE - Piazza XX Settembre n.93 - 62012 - Civitanova Marche (MC). Retrieved 2008-12-04. 

External links[edit]