Clásico Capitalino

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El Clásico Capitalino
Locale Mexico City:
Estadio Olímpico Universitario & Estadio Azteca
Teams U.N.A.M & América.
First meeting July 1, 1962
Latest meeting March 19, 2017 in C.U - (Liga MX) (Regular season)
Next meeting TBD.
Statistics
Most wins América - with 50 official wins
Most player appearances Sergio Bernal (Goalkeeper/UNAM)

The rivalry between Club América and Club Universidad Nacional, known as the "Clásico Capitalino", is one of the strongests rivalries between two of the most popular teams in México,[1] played between two of the three teams which represent Mexico City and the metropolitan area of the Mexican Primera División.

The first match between these two clubs was on July 1, 1962, where América hosted UNAM who were promoted to the First Division the previous season.


Background[edit]

In México the match is often perceived as the representation of a struggle between two antagonistic powers and institutions: Club América has always been regarded as the club of the establishment and the wealthy. The fact that the club is owned by the multimedia mass media company Televisa has further intensified this image. UNAM, representing the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, identifies itself as the club of the intellectuals and middle-class.

Indeed, both are clubs with very contrasting identities and policy, Club Universidad Nacional was originally an amateur club of college students from the University's several schools and then developed into a professional team competing in the Mexican football league, the nickname Pumas "Cougars" was inspired by Roberto 'Tapatio' Mendez, who coached the team from 1946–64 and whose motivational speeches often compared his players to pumas. The nickname stayed with the public, and all the athletic teams representing the University have been called Pumas; Club América self-proclaimed Las Águilas "The Eagles" wanted to have a representation of an animal that would show pride and domination of its environment. However, they are also called Los millonetas, a derogatory reference or version of the word millionaire, started when businessman Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, owner of Telesistema Mexicano, bought América from Isaac Bessudo in 1959. Following the acquisition, Azcárraga told his players, "I do not know much about football, but I do know a lot about business, and this, gentlemen, will be a business". [2] Azcarraga hired the successful president of the Club Zacatepec, Guillermo Cañedo de la Bárcena, and started to hire other notable national and foreigner figures, focusing on money, to form a powerful team, Universidad Nacional instead have employed "La cantera universitaria", a youth development system with football academies and farm teams to success through its history.

The rivalry is particularly fierce from UNAM´s side: according to surveys the majority of their supporters consider América as their main rival, however, most of América’s fans see it as an important match but deem the match against Chivas as more important.[3]

History and rivalry[edit]

Estadio Azteca, Home of Club América
Estadio Olimpico Universitario, Home of Club Universidad Nacional

During the 1961-62 season in the Segunda División de México, UNAM were able to get promotion into top flight football, the Primera División de México. The first match for the team "benjamín" (newbie) of that season was América meeting on 1 July 1962 where América won 2–0 with goals by Francisco Moacyr and Antonio Jasso.[4]

For the 1966-67 season, América, Atlante and Necaxa moved to a new stadium, the Estadio Azteca, and the first meeting between América and UNAM on 19 August 1966, América won 5-1. This defeat really hurt the pride of the fans "Universitarios" and playing at home on 1 December 1966, UNAM defeated América 4-1 in the Estadio Olímpico.[5]

Years later, in the 1969-70 season, América were able to get international forward Enrique Borja, news which caused a lot of controversy and shocked the football world due to the strong rivalry between the teams. This transaction caused such an outrage that when the player found out of the transfer he opted not to play because he did not agree. However, the directors of the club were able to convince him and would play and later become an idol for América .[6]

The rivalry increased with the years and came at a high point during the 1980s when these clubs disputed three finals during that decade. The first final was during the season 1984-85 which after 2 games tied, they had to play a third match on 28 May 1985 which caused great controversy of the performance of the referee Joaquín Urrea, the final score was 3-1 in favor of las Águilas with two goals by Daniel Brailovsky and one by Carlos Hermosillo, witch this victory América was able to obtain there 5th title. They again met each other in the final during the season 1987-88 where once again América was victorious witch a favorable score of 4-1 during the second leg on 3 July 1988 and an aggregate score of 4-2.[4] The last final disputed among the clubs was during the season 1990-91 in which UNAM was finally able to break its losing streak against América. The first game was won by América at home 3-2 on 19 July 1991 and the second leg on 22 July 1991 the game was decided by a free kick which was taken by Brazilian Ricardo "Tuca" Ferretti, this signified the third title in the history for the club "auriazul".

Players on both sides[edit]

Fans of Pumas during the Clásico Capitalino in the Estadio Olímpico of CU in 2005

For as many years that the rivalry between the two has existed, players have come and gone between the two. Here a listing of players that defended both causes; many of these had started their footballing career with Pumas UNAM of which left and years later resurfaced with Club América and while on the other hand few "Americanista" borns have gone to the opposite. Others may have been Mexican born or foreigners who might have statred elsewhere before joining either side. To date, only Moctezuma Serrato has won championships with both squads. With América in the Verano 2002 season and with Pumas in both the Clausura and Apertura 2004 seasons.

These are:

Mexico Jorge Iniestra

Mexico Carlos Calderón

Argentina Luis Juarcy

Brazil Gilberto Vega

Mexico René Trujillo

Mexico Enrique Borja

Mexico Enrique Vázquez

Chile Oswaldo Castro "Pata Bendita"

Mexico Antonio de la Torre

Mexico Francisco Castrejón

Mexico Rafael Calderón

Mexico Jorge Miranda

Mexico Adrián Chávez

Mexico Hugo Sánchez "Hugol"

Mexico Francisco Uribe "Paco Uribe"

Mexico Joaquín del Olmo "El Jaibo"

Mexico Luis García "El Artillero"

Mexico José Luis Salgado

Mexico Braulio Luna

Mexico Alberto García Aspe "Beto Aspe"

Mexico Adolfo Ríos "El Arquero de Cristo"

Mexico David Patiño

Mexico Raúl Salinas

Mexico Antonio de Nigris "Tano"

Mexico Moctezuma Serrato *

Mexico Christian Ramírez

Mexico Rafael Márquez Lugo

Argentina Rubens Sambueza

Mexico Efraín Juárez

Mexico Manuel Pérez

Top goal scorers in the Clásico Capitalino[edit]

[7]

Player Goals
MexicoLuis Roberto Alves "Zague"(América) 14
MexicoJesús Olalde (UNAM) 8
MexicoManuel Negrete (UNAM) 6
MexicoAlberto García Aspe (UNAM & América) 5
BrazilMexicoEvanivaldo Castro "Cabinho" (UNAM) 5
BrazilMexicoRicardo"Tuca" Ferreti (UNAM) 5
MexicoCarlos Hermosillo (América) 5
MexicoLuís García (UNAM & América) 5
ParaguayMexicoDarío Verón (UNAM) 5

Statistics[edit]

The following chart takes into account all the matches in tournaments that have been endorsed by the Mexican Football Federation.

Season GP WA D WU GolA GolU
Mexican 1st Dvsn. League 93 34 37 24 134 121
Playoffs 13 6 5 2 16 8
Copa México 9 1 5 3 8 10
Champion of Champions 2 1 1 0 2 1
TOTALS 118 42 48 29 160 141
GP: Games Played
WA: Winner (América)
WU: Winner (UNAM)
D: Draws
GolA: Goals for América
GolU: Goals for UNAM

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grupo Reforma (2007). "Encuesta completa sobre el equipo más popular de México". UNIVISION.com. Retrieved 2008.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ "Centenario Club América: El Tigre los salvó – Capítulo 4". Futbol Total. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  3. ^ SCME.com.mx (2015). http://www.scme.com.mx, ed. "Pumas vs América 2015 Un clásico.". Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Héctor Roberto Hernández (2008). "Aguilas y Pumas, casi un Clásico". RealidadAmericanista.com. Retrieved 12 July 2008. 
  5. ^ Óscar Ignacio Guevara Salinas (2005). "Pumas vs. América, centenaria rivalidad". esmas.com. Retrieved 12 July 2008. 
  6. ^ Alejandro Mayorga (2008). "Enrique Borja". mundosoccer.com. Retrieved 12 July 2008. 
  7. ^ AP / CDC (2014). http://www.lospumasunam.com.mx/los_maximos_goleadores_en_la_historia_del_pumas_vs_america-noticias_de_pumas_unam-ispyp-1101340.htm.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ AP / CDC (2008). "Pumas y América se quedan con el empate a un gol". INFORMADOR.COM.MX. Retrieved 6 October 2008. 

External links[edit]