Cláudio Santoro National Theater

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Cláudio Santoro National Theater
Teatro Nacional Cláudio Santoro
Teatro Nacional Claudio Santoro 02.jpg
Cláudio Santoro National Theater
General information
Architectural styleModern
Town or cityBrasília
Coordinates15°47′32″S 47°52′49″W / 15.7922°S 47.8802°W / -15.7922; -47.8802Coordinates: 15°47′32″S 47°52′49″W / 15.7922°S 47.8802°W / -15.7922; -47.8802
Construction startedJuly 30, 1960
OwnerThe Federal District of Brazil
Design and construction
ArchitectOscar Niemeyer

The Cláudio Santoro National Theater (Teatro Nacional Cláudio Santoro) is a multi-theater building in Brasília, Brazil. It was designed by Oscar Niemeyer in the Modern architectural style. Construction began on July 30, 1960, and the building was completed in 1966. Built in the shape of a truncated pyramid, it is the largest building in Brasilia designed by Niemeyer specifically for the arts. The building was closed for renovation in 1976, and was reopened on April 21, 1981.

The National Theater is operated by Secretary of Culture of the Federal District and is home to three venues; the 60-seat Alberto Nepomuceno theater, the 407-seat Martins Pena theater, and the 1,407 seat Villa-Lobos theater.[1] The complex also includes an exhibition gallery that is accessible to the public.[2]

The Theater has been under renovation for more than two years and remains closed to the public.


Construction of the theater was started on July 30, 1960. The building was structurally complete by January 30, 1961, but construction was then interrupted until early 1966. The Martins-Pena theater was opened on April 21, 1966, and was used for ten years until it was closed on September 4, 1976 during completion of the complex.[3]

Construction was completed by March 1979, and the Villa-Lobos theatre was opened with a concert conducted by Cláudio Santoro. The Martins-Pena theater was reopened on March 7, and the Alberto Nepomuceno theatre was opened on March 8. On December 1, 1979, the entire complex was closed again to complete renovations, and construction began on an annex which would include offices, rehearsal rooms, and galleries.[3]

The complex was reopened on April 21, 1981, and an annex was opened on June 24, 1981. The theatre was renamed Claudio Santoro National Theater on September 1, 1989, in honor of the Brazilian composer and violinist.[3]

Renovation, closure to the public and other problems[edit]

Since January 2014, the National Theater began a long renovation process, not yet completed because of budgetary constraints and the lack of governmental prioritization concerning the matter.[4][5]

Also, due to the low stream of people in the immediate vicinity of the Theater and to the absence of security and surveillance, the external part of the building has become a spot for drug use.

Guilherme Reis, current Secretary of Culture of the Federal District, said in a newspaper article that "there is no expectation of reopening the area any time soon".[6]


  1. ^ "National Theater". Secretary of Culture of the Federal District. Archived from the original on January 14, 2013. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
  2. ^ "Other spaces of the National Theater". Secretary of Culture of the Federal District. Retrieved December 25, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "Historia do Teatro Nacional". Secretary of Culture of the Federal District. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  4. ^ "Movimentos culturais de Brasília defendem reforma do Teatro Nacional". Agência Brasil. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  5. ^ "Fechado para reforma, Teatro Nacional de Brasília está há um ano sem obras". Correio Braziliense (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  6. ^ "Abandonado, Teatro Nacional de Brasília vira espaço de consumo de drogas – Notícias – R7 Distrito Federal". Retrieved 2016-05-09.

External links[edit]