Clément Barbot

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Clément Barbot (1914 – 14 July 1963)[1] was a top aide to Haitian President Francois Duvalier. Following a 1958 coup attempt, Barbot became the first leader of the Tonton Macoutes, a 'National Security Volunteer Militia' that brutally enforced Duvalier's despotic rule.[2][3] After suffering a heart attack in May 1959, Duvalier named Barbot as his proxy; once he recovered he accused Barbot of trying to usurp him as President, and had him imprisoned. After he was released in 1963, Barbot, his brother Harry, and a small group of supporters attempted to overthrow Duvalier by kidnapping his children in Port-au-Prince. The effort quickly collapsed, and over the next few days Barbot and his men were chased down and killed.[2][1]


  1. ^ a b "Clement Barbot". Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Lentz, Harris M. (2013). Heads of States and Governments Since 1945. Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom: Routledge. pp. 1,503. ISBN 9781134264971. 
  3. ^ Sanger, Daniel; Feldman, Julian (June 1998). "FAYED'S FORGOTTEN YEARS: THE CONMAN, THE DICTATOR AND THE CIA FILES". The Daily Telegraph Magazine.