Clackmannan

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Clackmannan
A tollbooth tower
Main Street and Tolbooth, Clackmannan
Clackmannan is in the south of Clackmannanshire in the centre of the Scottish mainland.
Clackmannan is in the south of Clackmannanshire in the centre of the Scottish mainland.
Clackmannan
Clackmannan shown within Clackmannanshire
Area0.40 sq mi (1.0 km2)
Population3,348 [2] (2008 est.)
• Density8,370/sq mi (3,230/km2)
OS grid referenceNS911919
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCLACKMANNAN
Postcode districtFK10
Dialling code01259
PoliceScottish
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
EU ParliamentScotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°06′33″N 3°44′47″W / 56.109097°N 3.74652°W / 56.109097; -3.74652Coordinates: 56°06′33″N 3°44′47″W / 56.109097°N 3.74652°W / 56.109097; -3.74652
Clackmannan Tollbooth in Main Street
Clackmannan Tower from the air

Clackmannan (/klækˈmænən/ About this soundlisten ; Scottish Gaelic: Clach Mhanainn, perhaps meaning "Stone of Manau"), is a small town and civil parish set in the Central Lowlands of Scotland.[3] Situated within the Forth Valley, Clackmannan is 1.8 miles (2.9 km) south-east of Alloa and 3.2 miles (5.1 km) south of Tillicoultry. The town is within the county of Clackmannanshire, of which it was formerly the county town, until Alloa overtook it in size and importance. According to a 2009 estimate the population of the settlement of Clackmannan is 3,348 residents.[2]

British Royal Mail GR VI Cast Iron Wall Post Box in Clackmannan and still in use

History and toponymy[edit]

Clackmannan Parish Church
the Stone of Mannan[4]

The name of the town refers to the Stone of Manau[5] or Stone of Mannan,[6] a pre-Christian monument that can be seen in the town square beside the Tolbooth or Tollbooth Tower, which dates from 1592.[7]

Bruce Family Crest on their Tomb at Clackmannan Parish Graveyard

During the 12th century, the area formed part of the lands controlled by the abbots of Cambuskenneth. Later it became associated with the Bruce family, who, during the 14th century, built a strategic tower-house. It still stands above the town according to Historic Scotland, but entry is forbidden (because of subsidence).

Clackmannan Public Hall, Main Street with Library and Reading Room

A crater on asteroid 253 Mathilde is named after Clackmannan. Because Mathilde is a dark, carbonaceous body, its craters have been named after famous coalfields from across the world. The Clackmannan Group is the name given to a suite of rocks of late Dinantian and Namurian age laid down during the Carboniferous period in the Midland Valley of Scotland. The war memorial was designed by Sir Robert Lorimer in 1919.[8]

South Vennel Wall Inscription, Clackmannan 1828

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mac an Tàilleir, Iain (2003) Placenames Archived 25 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine..(pdf) Pàrlamaid na h-Alba. Retrieved 2011-05-29.
  2. ^ a b Population Breakdown by Settlement 2009, ClacksWeb Retrieved 2011-05-29.
  3. ^ The Imperial gazetteer of Scotland. 1854. Vol.I. (AAN-GORDON) by Rev. John Marius Wilson. pp.270-271. https://archive.org/stream/imperialgazettee01wils#page/270/mode/2up
  4. ^ Forsyth, Valerie (7 March 2018). "A Walk in the Past: History of the Mannan Stone". Alloa Advertiser. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  5. ^ Rhys, John, Sir (1904). Celtic Britain (3rd ed.). London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. p. 155. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
  6. ^ Márkus, Gilbert (2008). "Tracing Emon: Insula Sancti Columbae de Emonia". Innes Review. Edinburgh University Press. 55 (1): 3. doi:10.3366/inr.2004.55.1.1.
  7. ^ "Clackmannan". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  8. ^ Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Robert Lorimer

External links[edit]