Claire Voisin in 2009
|Alma mater||École Normale Supérieure|
Paris-Sud 11 University
|Known for||Algebraic Geometry|
|Awards||EMS Prize (1992)|
Sophie Germain Prize (2003)
Satter Prize (2007)
Clay Research Award (2008)
Heinz Hopf Prize (2015)
CNRS Gold medal (2016)
Shaw Prize (2017)
|Institutions||Pierre and Marie Curie University|
Collège de France
|Doctoral advisor||Arnaud Beauville|
Claire Voisin (born 4 March 1962) is a French mathematician known for her work in algebraic geometry. She is the Director of research at Centre national de la recherche scientifique at the Institut de mathématiques de Jussieu – Paris Rive Gauche, a member of the French Academy of Sciences and the chair of Algebraic geometry at the Collège de France.
She is noted for her work in algebraic geometry particularly as it pertains to variations of Hodge structures and mirror symmetry, and has written several books on Hodge theory. In 2002 Voisin proved that the generalization of the Hodge conjecture for compact Kähler varieties is false. The Hodge conjecture is one of the seven Clay Mathematics Institute Millennium Prize Problems which were selected in 2000, each having a prize of one million US dollars.
Voisin won the European Mathematical Society Prize in 1992, and the Servant Prize awarded by the Academy of Sciences in 1996. She received the Sophie Germain Prize in 2003 and the Clay Research Award in 2008 for her disproof of the Kodaira conjecture on deformations of compact Kähler manifolds. In 2007 she was awarded the Ruth Lyttle Satter Prize in Mathematics for, in addition to her work on the Kodaira conjecture, solving the generic case of Green's conjecture on the syzygies of the canonical embedding of an algebraic curve. The generic case of Green's conjecture had received considerable attention from algebraic geometers for over two decades prior to its resolution by Voisin (the full conjecture for arbitrary curves is still partially open).
She was an invited speaker at the 1994 International Congress of Mathematicians in Zürich in the section 'Algebraic Geometry', and she was also invited as a plenary speaker at the 2010 International Congress of Mathematicians in Hyderabad. In 2014 she was elected to the Academia Europaea. In May 2016 she was elected as a foreign associate of the National Academy of Sciences. Also in 2016, she became the first female mathematician member of the Collège de France and is the first holder of the Chair of Algebraic Geometry. She received the Gold medal of the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) in September 2016. The latter is the highest scientific research award in France. In 2017 she received the Shaw Prize in Mathematical Sciences.
- Hodge Theory and complex algebraic geometry. 2 vols., Cambridge University Press (Cambridge Studies in Advanced Mathematics), 2002, 2003, vol. 1, ISBN 0-521-71801-5.
- Mirror Symmetry. AMS 1999, ISBN 0-8218-1947-X.
- Variations of Hodge Structure on Calabi Yau Threefolds. Edizioni Scuola Normale Superiore, 2007.
- with Mark Green, J. Murre (eds.) Algebraic Cycles and Hodge Theory, Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1594, Springer Verlag 1994 (CIME Lectures), containing article by Voisin: Transcendental methods in the study of algebraic cycles
- A counterexample to the Hodge conjecture extended to Kähler varieties
- Prix Servant décerné par l’Académie des Sciences (1996)
- Claire Voisin awarded the 2003 Sophie Germain Academy of Sciences Archived 2013-01-22 at the Wayback Machine
- Clay Research Award
- Satter Prize
- International Congress of Mathematicians 2010 Archived 2010-02-08 at the Wayback Machine
- Member profile: Claire Voisin, Academia Europaea, retrieved 2015-09-18.
- National Academy of Sciences Members and Foreign Associates Elected, News from the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, May 3, 2016, retrieved 2016-05-14.
- Claire Voisin nommée titulaire de la chaire Géométrie algébrique du Collège de France, Institut de France, Académie des sciences, April 27, 2016, retrieved 2016-06-10.
- La médaille d'or 2016 du CNRS est attribuée à Claire Voisin, mathématicienne, French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), September 21, 2016, retrieved 2016-10-03.
- Shaw Prize 2017
- Curriculum Vitae
- Clemens, Herbert (2005). "Review: Hodge theory and complex algebraic geometry I, II by Claire Voisin" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 42 (4): 507–520. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-05-01056-6.